Ashvin

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For divine twins, see Ashvins.
Autumn Clouds in Kolkata.
The clouds formation at the Ashvin or Autumn in Kolkata.

Ashvin or Ashwin (/əˈʃhwɪn/; अश्विन्; Malay/Indonesian: Aswin; Thai: Asawin), also known as Aswayuja, is the seventh month of the lunisolar Hindu calendar, the solar calendar where it is known as Aipassi and the solar India's national civil calendar. It is the sixth month of the solar Bengali calendar. It falls in the season of Shôrot, (Sharad in Hindi) or Autumn. In solar religious calendar, Ashvin begins with the Sun's exit from Virgo.

It overlaps September and October[1] of the Gregorian calendar and is the month preceding Diwali, the festival of lights. The month is here named Ashshin, Bangla lipi আশ্বিন). In lunar religious calendars, Ashvin begins on the new moon after the autumn equinox.

Etymology[edit]

Ashvin means light in the Sanskrit language, and Ashvini is the first star that appears in the evening sky. In Indian astrology it is the head of Aries, or the first of the 27 Nakshatra. Ashvin also stands for the divine twins, the Ashvins, the gods of vision in Hindu mythology.

Asawin is the Thai variant of Ashvin and stands for warrior. The term is often translated into English as "knight".

The English name Ashwin, or in Anglo-Saxon, Æscwine, translates literally as "ash-tree friend", but can mean a number of things, including "strong/manly friend", or "friendly man." Anglo-Saxon compound names were often poetic rather than literal. For example, "Beowulf" could mean "bee-wolf", "bee-hunter", or simply "bear" (one who hunts for bees). Attested in the Poetic Edda, the first man was made from the log of an Ash-tree and was named Ash.

Festivals[edit]

Several major religious holidays take place in Ashvin, including Durga Puja (6-10 Ashvin), Dasehra (10 Ashvin) and Divali (29 Ashvin), Kojagiri festivals and Kali Puja (new moon of Ashvin), which are held as per the lunar calendar, usually fall in this month.

Jagadguru of Sringeri Sharada Peetham Sri Chandrasekhara Bharati III was born on Ashwayuja Sukla Ekadasi day corresponds to October 16, 1892.

Shukla Paksha Krishna Paksha
1. Prathama 1. Prathama
2. Dwitiya 2. Dwitiya
3. Tritiya 3. Tritiya
4. Chaturthi 4. Chaturthi
5. Panchami 5. Panchami
6. Shashti 6. Shashti
7. Saptami 7. Saptami
8. Ashtami 8. Ashtami
9. Navami 9. Navami
10.Dashami 10.Dashami
11.Ekadashi 11.Ekadashi
12.Dwadashi 12.Dwadashi
13.Thrayodashi 13.Thrayodashi
14.Chaturdashi 14.Chaturdashi
15.Purnima 15. Amavasya

Popular names[edit]

Ashvin, Ashvini, Ashwin, Ashwini, Aswin and Asvin are common names originating in Sanskrit. The distinctly formed Anglo-Saxon surname Ashwin and Aescwine are less common. Ashwin is known as aipasi (ஐப்பசி ) in Tamil and begins when the sun enters Libra in October.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Henderson, Helene. (Ed.) (2005) Holidays, festivals, and celebrations of the world dictionary Third edition. Electronic edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, p. xxix. ISBN 0-7808-0982-3