Asi language

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Asi[1]
Native to Philippines
Region Western Visayas
Native speakers
75,000  (2011)[2]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 no
Glottolog bant1288[3]
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Asi language map based on Ethnologue
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The Asi language[4] is a Visayan language spoken, along with the Romblomanon and Onhan languages, in the province of Romblon, Philippines. Asi originated in the island of Banton, Romblon and spread to the neighboring islands of Sibale, Simara, and in the towns of Odiongan and Calatrava in Tablas Island. Asi speakers in Odiongan is called Odionganon, Calatravanhon in Calatrava, Sibalenhon in Concepcion, Simaranhon in Corcuera, and Bantoanon in Banton.

Specifically, it is spoken on the following islands within Romblon:

  • Tablas: the municipalities of Odiongan and Calatrava, situated respectively on the western and northern parts of the island. The Odiongan dialect has more outside influences and is more widely used in literature.[5]
  • Banton: the island's sole municipality of Banton. This is the prestige dialect of Bantuanon and is considered by many native speakers to be the most representative dialect of the language.[5]
  • Simara: the island's sole municipality of Corcuera.
  • Maestre de Campo (also known as Sibale): the island's sole municipality of Concepcion.

Linguist David Zorc notes that Asi speakers may have been the first Visayan speakers in the Romblon region. He also suggests that Asi may have a Cebuan substratum and that many of its words may have been influenced by the later influx of other languages such as Romblomanon.[6]

Sounds[edit]

Asi has sixteen consonants: p, t, k, b, d, g, m, n, ng, s, h, w, l, r and y. There are four vowels: a, i/e, and u/o. The vowels i and e are allophones, with i always being used when it is the beginning and sometimes end of a syllable, and e always used when it ends a syllable.The vowels u and o are allophones, with u always being used when it is the beginning and sometimes end of a syllable, and o always used when it ends a syllable. This is one of the Philippine languages which is excluded from [ɾ]-[d] allophone.

Grammar[edit]

Pronouns[edit]

  Absolutive Ergative Oblique
1st person singular akó nako, ko akò
2nd person singular ikaw, ka nimo, mo imo
3rd person singular sida nida ida
1st person plural inclusive kita nato ato
1st person plural exclusive kami namo amo
2nd person plural kamo ninro inro
3rd person plural sinra ninra inra

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], more text.
  2. ^ Asi[1] at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Asi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  4. ^ [2], Languages of the World.
  5. ^ a b http://www.sil.org/asia/philippines/sipl/SIPL_6-2_001-093.pdf
  6. ^ Zorc, David Paul. The Bisayan Dialects of the Philippines: Subgrouping and Reconstruction. Canberra, Australia: Dept. of Linguistics, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, 1977.

External links[edit]