Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union
|This article currently links to a large number of disambiguation pages (or back to itself) (check | fix). (March 2014)|
|Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union|
ABU headquarters in Angkasapuri, Kuala Lumpur
|Type||Union of broadcasting organisations|
|Headquarters||Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
The Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU), formed in 1964, is a non-profit, professional association of broadcasting organisations. It currently has 200 members in 57 countries and regions, reaching a potential audience of about 3 billion people. The ABU's role is to help the development of broadcasting in the Asia-Pacific region and to promote the collective interests of its members. The ABU covers an area stretching from Turkey in the west to Samoa in the east, and from Russia in the north to New Zealand in the south. Its secretariat is located in Angkasapuri, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
One of the ABU's activities is Asiavision, a daily exchange of news feeds by satellite among television stations in 20 countries in Asia. The ABU also negotiates coverage rights to major sports events for its members collectively, and carries out a wide range of activities in the programme and technical areas. The ABU provides a forum for promoting the collective interests of television and radio broadcasters, and encourages regional and international co-operation between broadcasters.
Full members must be national free-to-air broadcasters in the Asia-Pacific region, but there is an associate membership category that is open to provincial broadcasters, subscription broadcasters and national broadcasters in other parts of the world, and an affiliate category that is open to organisations connected to broadcasting.
- 1 Overview
- 2 Membership
- 3 Technical activities
- 4 Forums, symposiums and other matters
- 5 Publications
- 6 Inter-union activities
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The ABU's activities include:
- a daily satellite TV news exchange (Asiavision)
- co-production and exchange of programmes
- negotiating rights for major sports events and organising coverage
- technical, programming and management consultancy services
- advising members on copyright and legal matters
- rights-free content acquisition for developing countries
- representing members in international forums
- international frequency planning and coordination
- organising seminars, workshops and training courses
- annual competition for radio and television programmes (ABU Prizes)
- a robot competition for engineering students (Robocon)
- publication of ABU News and Technical Review
- started 2012: ABU TV and Radio Song Festivals
The ABU works closely with the regional broadcasting unions in other parts of the world on matters of common concern, and with many other international organisations, to exchange information on the latest developments in broadcasting, undertake activities to improve the skills and technologies of its members, and encourage harmonisation of operating and technical broadcasting standards and systems in the region. The ABU is funded primarily by annual subscriptions from members. The Union has an elected President and three Vice-Presidents, who serve three-year terms. The current President is Yoshinori Imai of NHK-Japan.
The ABU Secretariat is located in Angkasapuri, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It has over 30 staff, of whom 12 are broadcast professionals recruited from among the ABU members within the region. The head of the Secretariat is the Secretary-General, who is appointed by the General Assembly. The current Secretary-General is Dr. Javad Mottaghi. The Asia-Pacific region is defined in the ABU statutes as countries within areas of Asia and the Pacific that lie substantially between the longitudes of 30 degrees east and 170 degrees west. On the map, this region stretches from Turkey in the west, to Samoa in the east, and from Russia in the north, to New Zealand in the south. All of the ABU's full members operate in this region.
Most of the ABU's associate members are European and North American broadcasters, many of whom have operations in Asia, and pay-TV and cable operators in the Asia-Pacific. Its affiliate members include satellite providers, telcos, production companies, equipment vendors and regulators. The ABU is the third largest of the world's eight broadcasting unions, but covers the largest geographic area of the world.
A number of different membership types are available to national broadcasters and national broadcasting organisations. These include full, additional full, associate, affiliate and institutional memberships.
- Below is a list of full members of the ABU. These are members who are independent nations within the ABU broadcasting region, and consist of two members per country. Broadcasters have the option to change between full and additional full membership.
|Country||Broadcasting organisation||National script||Abbr.|
|Afghanistan||Radio Television Afghanistan||رادیو تلویزیون ملی افغانستان||RTA|
|Moby Capital Partners Ltd||—||Moby|
|Australia||Australian Broadcasting Corporation||Australian Broadcasting Corporation||ABC|
|Special Broadcasting Service||Special Broadcasting Service||SBS|
|Azerbaijan||İctimai Television||İctimai Televiziya və Radio Yayımları Şirkəti||İTV|
|Bangladesh||Bangladesh Television||বাংলাদেশ টেলিভিশন||BTV|
|Bangladesh Betar||বাংলাদেশ বেতার||BB|
|Ekushey Television1||একুশে টেলিভিশন||ETV|
|Bhutan||Bhutan Broadcasting Service||འབྲུག་རྒྱང་བསྒྲགས་ལས་འཛིན||BBS|
|Brunei Darussalam||Radio Television Brunei||Radio Televisyen Brunei||RTB|
|Cambodia||National Television of Kampuchea||ទូរទស្សន៍ជាតិកម្ពុជា||TVK|
|National Radio of Kampuchea||អគ្គនាយកដ្ឋានវិទ្យុជាតិកម្ពុជា||RNK|
|China||China Central Television||中国中央电视台||CCTV|
|Egypt||Egyptian Radio and Television Union||إتحاد الإذاعة و التليفزيون المصري||ERTU|
|Fiji||Fiji Television||Fiji Television||FTV|
|India||All India Radio||आकाशवाणी||AIR|
|Indonesia||Radio of the Republic of Indonesia||Radio Republik Indonesia||RRI|
|Television of the Republic of Indonesia||Televisi Republik Indonesia||TVRI|
|Iran||Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting||صدا و سيمای جمهوری اسلامی ايران||IRIB|
|Japan||Japan Broadcasting Corporation||日本放送協会||NHK|
|Tokyo Broadcasting System||東京放送||TBS|
|Jordan||Jordan Radio and Television Corporation||مؤسسة الإذاعة والتلفزيون الأردني||JRTV|
|Kiribati||Broadcasting and Publications Authority||Broadcasting and Publications Authority||BPA|
|Kyrgyzstan||Kyrgyz Public Broadcasting||Кыргыз Республикасынын Коомдук телерадиоберүү корпорациясы (Kyrgyz)
Общественная телерадиовещательная корпорация Кыргызской Республики (Russian)
|Laos||Lao National Radio||ວິທະຍຸກະຈາຍສຽງແຫ່ງຊາດລາວ||LNR|
|Lao National Television||ສະຖານີໂທລະພາບແຫ່ງຊາດລາວ||LNTV|
|Malaysia||Radio Television Malaysia||Radio Televisyen Malaysia||RTM|
|Maldives||Maldives National Broadcasting Corporation||މޯލްޑިވްސް ބްރޯޑްކާސްޓިންގް ކޯޕަރޭޝަން||MNBC|
|Island Broadcasting Pvt Ltd||Island Broadcasting Pvt Ltd||VTV|
|Mongolian National Broadcaster||Монголын Үндэсний Олон Нийтийн Телевиз||MNB|
|Nepal||Nepal Television||नेपाल टेलिभिजन||NTV|
|Radio Nepal||रेडियो नेपाल||RNE|
|New Zealand||Television New Zealand||Television New Zealand
Te Whakaaratanga o Aotearoa (Māori)
|Pakistan||Pakistan Broadcasting Corporation||ریڈیو پاکستان||PBC|
|Pakistan Television||پاكِستان ٹیلی وژن نیٹ ورک||PTV|
|Papua New Guinea||National Broadcasting Corporation of Papua New Guinea||National Broadcasting Corporation of Papua New Guinea||NBC/PNG|
|Media Niugini Limited||Media Niugini Limited||MNL|
|Philippines||People's Television Network||People's Television Network
Telebisyon ng Bayan (Filipino)
|Qatar||Al Jazeera Children's Channel||الجزيرة للأطفال||JCC|
|Qatar Media Corporation||المؤسسة القطرية للإعلام||QMC|
|Samoa||Samoa Broadcasting Corporation||Samoa Broadcasting Corporation||SBC|
|Saudi Arabia||Saudi Arabian Radio and Television||التلفزيون السعودي||SAB/SAR|
|Singapore||Media Corporation of Singapore||Media Corporation of Singapore
Perbadanan Media Singapura (Malay)
|Solomon Islands||One News Limited||One News Limited||1NL|
|South Korea||Korean Broadcasting System||한국방송공사||KBS|
|Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation||문화방송주식회사||MBC|
|Sri Lanka||Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation||ශ්රී ලංකා ගුවන් විදුලි සංස්ථාච (Sinhala)
இலங்கை ஒலிபரப்புக் கூட்டுத்தாபனம் (Tamil)
|Sri Lanka Rupavahini Corporation||ශ්රී ලංකා රූපවාහිනී සංස්ථාව (Sinhala)
இலங்கை ரூபவாகினி கூட்டுத்தாபனம் (Tamil)
|Thailand||National Broadcasting Services of Thailand||สถานีวิทยุโทรทัศน์แห่งประเทศไทย||NBT|
|TV Pool of Thailand||—||TPT|
|Timor Leste||Radio-Television East Timor||Radio-Televisão Timor Leste (Portuguese)
Radio-Televizaun Timor Lorosae (Tetum)
|Turkey||Turkish Radio and Television Corporation||Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu||TRT|
|Uzbekistan||National Television and Radio Company of Uzbekistan||O'zbekiston milliy teleradiokompaniyasi||NTRC|
|Vanuatu||Vanuatu Broadcasting and Television Corporation||Vanuatu Broadcasting and Television Corporation
Société de Radiodiffusion et Télévision du Vanuatu (French)
|Vietnam||Vietnam Television||Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam||VTV|
|Voice of Vietnam||Đài Tiếng nói Việt Nam||VOV|
- 1.^ The ABU's official list have Bangladeshi broadcaster, Ekushey Television, enlisted as having both full and additional full membership but with not explanation as to why this is the case.
Additional full members
- Below is a list of additional full members of the ABU. These are members who already have 2 full member organisations, and for countries in non-independent area.
- Below is a list of associate members of the ABU. These are international broadcasters beyond the ABU region, and national broadcasting associations.
|Country||Broadcasting organisation||National script||Abbr.|
|Australia||Commercial Radio Australia Limited||Commercial Radio Australia Limited||CRA|
|CVC Network Limited||CVC Network Limited||CVC|
|France||France Télévisions||Organismes Français de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision||OFRT|
|Germany||German National Broadcasting||Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen
Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland
|Second German Television||Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen||ZDF|
|Hong Kong||Cable TV Hong Kong||香港有線電視||HKCTV|
|Phoenix Television||鳳凰衛視控股有限公司||Phoenix TV|
|Dim Sum Television||點心衛視||Dim Sum TV|
|PCCW Media Limited||電訊盈科有限公司||Now TV|
|Japan||National Association of Commercial Broadcasters in Japan||日本の商業全米放送事業者協会||NAB|
|Indonesia||PT Media Televisi Indonesia||—||METRO TV|
|PT Indonusa Telemedia||—||Telkomvision|
|PT Karyamegah Adijaya||—||Aora TV|
|Malaysia||ASTRO All Asia Networks plc||—||AAAN|
|U Television Holdings Sdn Bhd||—||U Television|
|PT Karyamegah Adijaya||—||Aora TV|
|Mauritius||Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation||Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation||MBC|
|Micronesia||Federated States of Micronesia Broadcasting Service||—||FSMBS|
|Mongolia||Eagle Broadcasting Company||Ийгл Телевиз||EBC|
|BTV Television||—||"BTV" Television|
|DDish TV||ДДэшТВ ХХК||DDish TV|
|Supervision Broadcasting Network Television||SBN Телевиз||SBN|
|Netherlands||Radio Netherlands Worldwide||Radio Nederland Wereldomroep||RNW|
|New Zealand||Radio New Zealand||
|Norway||Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation||Norsk rikskringkasting||NRK|
|Pakistan||Geo Independent Media Corporation Ltd||Geo Television||Geo|
|Philippines||Association of Broadcasters of the Philippines||Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster ng Pilipinas||KBP|
|Qatar||Al Jazeera English||قناة الجزيرة حاصلة||AJE|
|Russia||Russian State Television and Radio Broadcasting Company||Всероссийская государственная телевизионная и радиовещательная компания||RTR|
|Alternative Irkutsk Studio of TV||—||AIST|
|Singapore||MediaCorp TV Singapore||MediaCorp Pte Ltd||MediaCorp TV|
|Switzerland||Swiss Broadcasting Corporation||
|United Kingdom||British Broadcasting Corporation||British Broadcasting Corporation||BBC|
|USA||American Broadcasting Companies||American Broadcasting Companies||ABC|
|CBS Corporation||CBS Corporation||VIACOM/CBS|
|National Association of Broadcasters||National Association of Broadcasters||NAB|
|Turner Broadcasting System||Turner Broadcasting System||TBS|
|Voice of America||Voice of America||VOA|
|Trans World Radio||Trans World Radio||TWR|
|Country||Broadcasting organisation||National script||Abbr.|
|Belgium||International News Safety Institute||International News Safety Institute||INSI|
|Germany||PRIX JEUNESSE International||—|
|Hong Kong||Cable & Satellite Broadcasting Association of Asia||Cable & Satellite Broadcasting Association of Asia||CASBAA|
|Switzerland||Digital Radio Mondiale||Digital Radio Mondiale||DRM|
|Thailand||Asia-Pacific Telecommunity||Asia Pacific Telecommunity||APT|
|United Kingdom||Association for International Broadcasting||The Association for International Broadcasting||AIB|
|International News Safety Institute||International News Safety Institute||INSI|
|USA||International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences||International Academy of Television Arts and Sciences||IATAS|
|United Nations Department of Public Information||United Nations Department of Public Information||UN-DPI|
Technical Committee Meeting
The Technical Committee (TC), comprising representatives of the technical departments of ABU members, meets each year prior to the General Assembly. At these meetings a host of activities are programmed, providing opportunities to members to participate in technical workshops, symposiums, forum meetings and invited presentations, all designed to impart the latest information on current technologies and their trends. The meeting is information packed and is a must-attend event. ABU Engineering Excellence Awards are announced and the Technical Review Prizes are presented.
Technical Bureau Meeting
The Technical Bureau, which consists of 15 members representing all categories of member broadcasters in the region, meets twice each year. The first meeting, which takes place in conjunction with the TC, assesses activities proposed for the ensuing year, in terms of relevance to members and the industry as a whole. The mid-year (second) meeting reviews progress achieved to date and makes course corrections, if necessary.
The Bureau supervises the ABU technical activities on behalf of the TC in the period between the TC meetings.
Forums, symposiums and other matters
Digital Broadcasting Symposium 2010
The Digital Broadcasting Symposium 2010 took place in Kuala Lumpur on 9–11 March 2010. Its theme was Leveraging the Digital Advantage. The conference, exhibition and 10 workshops attracted 550 participants including 66 speakers. A total of 37 countries were represented. The symposium takes place annually. The 2011 symposium will be held on 8–11 March.
Developing Broadcasters Forum
The ABU Developing Broadcasters’ Forum provides a platform for our developing broadcasters to articulate their specific needs and express their concerns in a less formal, interactive environment. The Forum meets on the sidelines of the annual TC meeting and addresses a range of issues including the specific needs and challenges of these members to prepare them for the digital broadcast environment. New initiatives have been taken to enhance services specifically directed to the developing broadcasters. Tharaka Mohotty of MTV-Sri Lanka chairs the Developing Broadcasters’ Forum.
ABU Digital Radio Forum
The forum comprises members who are digital radio experts. It also includes outside experts. Asaad Bagharib of MediaCorp Radio-Singapore chairs the forum. Members of the forum produce reports on developments in the field of digital radio.
ABU ICT Forum
The ABU ICT Forum functions as a Working Party to address usage of the modern information and communication delivery platforms from the broadcasters’ perspective. A long-term objective is to assist ABU members in preparing initial plans for providing services using the new media. The Forum has more than 85 members. The Forum is chaired by Abu Bakar Ab Rahim from RTM-Malaysia.
ABU HD Advisory Group
The HD Advisory Group provides advice to the TC and ABU members on crucial issues that pertain to HDTV and its potential implementation by broadcasters. It is headed by Yeo Kim Pow of MediaCorp-Singapore. The group also maintains a watching brief on HDTV developments within the region and beyond.
Emergency Warning Broadcasting System (EWBS) for the Asia-Pacific region
EWBS development work has focused on identifying a suitable country code methodology. This system of codes has now been standardised by ITU-R. The General Assembly in Beijing endorsed the work carried out by the TC and issued an ABU Declaration calling all members to encourage their respective governments to implement an EWBS system.
ABU Content Exchange Network (CEN)
To examine how best a network can be established to facilitate exchange of content among the members, a Working Party has been set up. To assist the Working Party on technical issues, a Task Group was formed to identify technical and operational parameters for the network.
ABU Engineering Excellence Awards
ABU Engineering Industry Excellence Award and ABU Broadcast Engineering Excellence Award are presented annually to broadcast personalities who have made significant contributions respectively to their organisations and to the industry as a whole. They are selected from nominations made by ABU members and followed by an evaluation process by a panel of judges. The Broadcast Engineering Excellence Award is being sponsored by Broadcast and Professional Pacific Asia Company (BPPA). The award includes a study tour of Sony research facilities.
The ABU publishes the ABU News magazine while the Technical Department publishes the Technical Review. Both publications are published quarterly. They are sent free to members and non-affiliates and published in print version, downloadable in PDF format through the ABU's Publications area of the ABU's website and on ABU's app on Android. The ABU also publishes books related to broadcasting which is available in print.
The World Broadcasting Unions (WBU) brings together eight unions including the ABU. The WBU has a number of specialised forums, including the International Satellite Operations Group (WBU-ISOG) and the Technical Committee (WBU-TC). The ABU is an active member of both.
- ABU Song Festivals
- Arab States Broadcasting Union
- Asia-Pacific Robot Contest
- Association for International Broadcasting
- Caribbean Broadcasting Union
- Caribbean News Agency
- Commonwealth Broadcasting Association
- Commonwealth Press Union
- European Broadcasting Union
- International Telecommunication Union
- National Association of Broadcasters
- North American Broadcasters Association
- Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana
- Smart Alliance
- World Radio Network