Asia Pacific Telecommunity (APT)
|Establishment||1 July 1979|
The Asia Pacific Telecommunity (APT) was founded on the joint initiatives of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
The APT was established by treaty; the treaty was concluded in Bangkok in March 1976 and came into force in February 1979. After the treaty came into force, APT was formally organized on 1 July 1979. The APT is an intergovernmental organization and operates in conjunction with telecom service providers, manufacturers of communications equipment, and research and development organizations active in the field of communication, information and innovation technologies.
APT serves as the focal organization for ICT in the region. The APT covers 38 member countries, with 4 associate members and 130 affiliate members. Through its various programmes and activities, APT has made a significant contribution to the development growth in ICT sectors.
Throughout the past years, APT has been able to assist members in the preparation of Global conferences such as ITU Plenipotentiary Conference (PP), World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC), World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC), World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA) and the ITU meetings. APT is also involved in promoting regional harmonization of their programmes and activities in the region.
APT continues to support and facilitate its members in bringing about a qualitative and sustainable growth and ICT services. APT plays an active role in bridging digital divide that separates the region.
There are currently 38 member countries, 4 associate members, and 130 affiliate members in the APT. Any member of the ESCAP which is within the region is eligible to be part of the APT while to be an associate member, any territory, part or group of territories within the region which is an associate member of ESCAP is eligible. Associate members are highlighted in green. A state becomes a member of APT by ratifying the founding treaty, the Constitution of the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity.
The objective of the Telecommunity shall be to foster the development of telecommunication services and information infrastructure throughout the region with a particular focus on the expansion thereof in less developed areas.
In furtherance thereof, the Telecommunity may:
- Promote the expansion of telecommunication services and information infrastructure and the maximization of the benefits of information and telecommunications technology for the welfare of the people in the region;
- Develop regional cooperation in areas of common interest, including radio communications and standards development;
- Undertake studies relating to developments in telecommunication and information infrastructure technology and policy and regulation in coordination with other international organizations, where pertinent;
- Encourage technology transfer, human resource development and the exchange of information for the balanced development of telecommunication services and information infrastructure within the region; and
- Facilitate coordination within the region with regard to major issues pertaining to telecommunication services and information infrastructure with a view to strengthening the region’s international position.
The APT has three major functioning organs: the General Assembly, Management Committee and General Secretariat. The General Assembly consists of the President and the Vice Presidents; the Management Committee consists of the Chairman and the Vice Chairmen; the General Secretariat consists of the Secretary General, the Deputy Secretary General and other professional staff.
The APT is divided into five sectors each managing different aspects of the matter handled by the Telecommunity:
- Policy and Regulations (PRF).
- Radiocommunication (RF).
- Human Resource Development (HRD).
- ICT Development (APTICT).
Acceptance and recognition
Over the decades APT has worked in close conjunction with various regional, international and UN organizations:
- International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
- International Telecommunication Union (ITU).
- United Nations (UN).
- Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU).
- Asian Development Bank (ADB).
- Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).
- Asia-Pacific Satellite Communications Council (APSCC).
- African Telecommunications Union (ATU).
- European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT).
- Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL).
- Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation (CTO).
- European Communications Office (ECO).
- Information for Development Program (InfoDev).
- Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC).
- Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (PIFS).
- Pacific Islands Telecommunications Association (PITA).
- Pacific Telecommunications Council (PTC)
- UMTS Forum
- World Bank
- WiMAX Forum
- World Trade Organization (WTO).
The APT is headed by a Secretary General who is elected to a three year term by the member states of the conference at the General Assembly. The Chief Executive of the Telecommunity holds a D-2 rank in the United Nations.
- Loqman Husain (T.Q.A)
- Boonchoo Phienpanji
- Chao Thongma
- Hiroyasu Sonaki
- Jong Soon Lee
- Amarendra Narayan
- Toshiyuki Yamada
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