Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Asia Cooperation Dialogue
Member states in yellow
|Type||Regional cooperation organizations|
The Asia Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) is an intergovernmental organization created in 2002 to promote Asian cooperation at a continental level and to help integrate separate regional organizations such as ASEAN, SAARC and the Gulf Cooperation Council.
It is the main objective of the former Thai Prime Minister to form the Asia Co-operation Dialogue or the forerunner to the ASIAN UNION. The ACD's main members states are Kuwait, Pakistan, Iran, Bahrain, Sri Lanka, Turkey, Thailand, China and Japan, the so-called major nine ACD Nations. For an analysis of the history of the ACD see Michael, Arndt (2013). India's Foreign Policy and Regional Multilateralism (Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 175-181
The main objectives of the ACD are to:
- Promote interdependence among Asian countries in all areas of cooperation by identifying Asia's common strengths and opportunities which will help reduce poverty and improve the quality of life for Asian people whilst developing a knowledge-based society within Asia and enhancing community and people empowerment;
- Expand the trade and financial market within Asia and increase the bargaining power of Asian countries in lieu of competition and, in turn, enhance Asia's economic competitiveness in the global market;
- Serve as the missing link in Asian cooperation by building upon Asia's potentials and strengths through supplementing and complementing existing cooperative frameworks so as to become a viable partner for other regions;
- Ultimately transform the Asian continent into an Asian Community, capable of interacting with the rest of the world on a more equal footing and contributing more positively towards mutual peace and prosperity
|This section requires expansion. (July 2010)|
The idea of an Asia Cooperation Dialogue was raised at the First International Conference of Asian Political Parties (held in Manila between 17–20 September 2000) by Surakiart Sathirathai, then deputy leader of the now defunct Thai Rak Thai Party, on behalf of his party leader, Thaksin Shinawatra, then Prime Minister of Thailand. It was suggested that Asia as a continent should have its own forum to discuss Asia-wide cooperation. Afterwards, the idea of the ACD was formally put forward during the 34th ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting in Hanoi (23–24 July 2001) and at the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Retreat in Phuket (20–21 February 2002).
- Ministerial Meetings
- 1st ACD Ministerial Meeting: June 18–19, 2002 in Cha Am, Thailand
- 2nd ACD Ministerial Meeting: June 21–22, 2003 in Chiang Mai, Thailand
- 3rd ACD Ministerial Meeting: June 21–22, 2004 in Qingdao, People's Republic of China
- 4th ACD Ministerial Meeting: April 4–6, 2005 in Islamabad, Pakistan
- 5th ACD Ministerial Meeting: May 23–24, 2006 in Doha, Qatar
- 6th ACD Ministerial Meeting: June 5–6, 2007 in Seoul, South Korea
- 7th ACD Ministerial Meeting: October 16–17, 2008 in Astana, Kazakhstan
- 8th ACD Ministerial Meeting: October 15–16, 2009 in Colombo, Sri Lanka
- 9th ACD Ministerial Meeting: November 8-9, 2010 in Tehran, Iran
- 10th ACD Ministerial Meeting: October 10-11, 2012 in Kuwait City, Kuwait
- 11th ACD Ministerial Meeting: March 29, 2013 in Dushanbe, Tajikistan
- 12th ACD Ministerial Meeting: November 26, 2013 in Manama, Bahrain
- Future ACD Ministerial Meetings
The ACD was founded by 18 members. Since September 2013, the organization consists of 33 states as listed below (including all current members of ASEAN and the GCC). Overlapping regional organization membership in italics.:
|Name||Accession date||Regional organization|
|Afghanistan||17 October 2012||SAARC|
|Bahrain||18 June 2002||GCC, AL|
|Bangladesh||18 June 2002||SAARC|
|Bhutan [t 1]||27 September 2004||SAARC|
|Brunei||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Cambodia||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|China||18 June 2002||—|
|India||18 June 2002||SAARC|
|Indonesia||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Iran||21 June 2004||—|
|Japan||18 June 2002||—|
|Kazakhstan [t 2]||21 June 2003||CIS|
|South Korea||18 June 2002||—|
|Kuwait||21 June 2003||GCC, AL|
|Kyrgyzstan ||16 October 2008||CIS|
|Laos||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Malaysia||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Mongolia||21 June 2004||—|
|Burma||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Oman||21 June 2003||GCC, AL|
|Pakistan||18 June 2002||SAARC|
|Philippines||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Qatar||18 June 2002||GCC, AL|
|Russia [t 2]||4 April 2005||CIS, CoE|
|Saudi Arabia||4 April 2005||GCC, AL|
|Singapore||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Sri Lanka||21 June 2003||SAARC|
|Tajikistan||5 June 2006||CIS|
|Thailand||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
|Turkey [t 2]||26 September 2013||CoE [t 3]|
|United Arab Emirates||21 June 2004||GCC, AL|
|Uzbekistan||5 June 2006||CIS|
|Vietnam||18 June 2002||ASEAN|
Other Asian countries
The remaining non-member Asian countries and regions have so far not expressed interest in joining the ACD . Overlapping regional organization membership in italics.:
|Armenia [I 1]||CIS, CoE|
|Azerbaijan [I 2]||CIS, CoE|
|Cyprus [I 1] [I 3]||EU, CoE|
|East Timor||ASEAN candidate, PIF observer|
|Egypt [I 4]||AL, AU|
|Georgia [I 2]||CoE|
|Papua New Guinea [I 5]||ASEAN candidate, PIF|
|Taiwan [I 6]||—|
|Yemen||AL, GCC candidate|
- Located entirely in West Asia but having socio-political connections with Europe.
- Located partially in Europe.
- Cyprus is European Union member since 2004.
- Located partially in Africa.
- Located entirely in Oceania but having socio-political connections with Asia.
- Republic of China (Taiwan) has not been able to join the ACD due to strong opposition from China which claims the island as part of its territory. See Legal status of Taiwan and Political status of Taiwan for details.
- Asian Currency Unit
- Asian Clearing Union
- Asian Development Bank
- Asian Parliamentary Assembly
- Continental regional organizations
- International organization
- Continental union
- East Asia Community
- Asia–Europe Meeting
- Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia
- "Arrangements for media coverage of the 8th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Ministerial Meeting October 2009". Retrieved 2009-09-15.
- "7th ACD Ministerial Meeting". Retrieved 2008-10-15.
- "No: 253, 26 September 2013, Press Release on Turkey’s Membership to the Asia Cooperation Dialogue". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey. 2013-09-26. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- "Assistant Foreign Minister Zhai Jun Attends the 7th Asia Cooperation Dialogue Foreign Ministers’Meeting in Kazakhstan". Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- Why We Need an Asian Union
- European Policy Centre (2005-01): EU and Asian Integration Processes Compared
- The Guardian (2005-04-12): Hopes and Fears of an Asian Union
- International Herald Tribune (2005-06-18): Toward an 'Asian Union'?
- Asia Times (2005-10-01): Hedging China with FTAs
- International Herald Tribune (2005-12-16): An Asian Union? Not Yet
- Bangkok Post (2006-05-19): Towards a Truly Pan-Asian Community
- China Daily (2007-04-21): Asian Integration Still a Long Way Off
- Tehran Times (2010-03-14): Ahmadinejad Proposes Establishment of Asian Union
- Asia Cooperation Dialogue
- Asia Regional Integration Center
- Association for Asian Union
- Boao Forum for Asia
- New Asia Forum
- Society for Asian Integration