Asian Highway Network

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Map of the highways
Asian Highway 2 sign near Ratchaburi, Thailand
Asian Highway Route Sign. This sign is used on the AH 18.

The Asian Highway (AH) project, also known as the Great Asian Highway, is a cooperative project among countries in Asia and Europe and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), to improve the highway systems in Asia. It is one of the three pillars of the Asian Land Transport Infrastructure Development (ALTID) project, endorsed by the ESCAP commission at its 48th session in 1992, comprising Asian Highway, Trans-Asian Railway (TAR) and facilitation of land transport projects.

Agreements have been signed by 32 countries to allow the highway to cross the continent and also reach to Europe. Some of the countries taking part in the highway project are India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, China, Japan, South Korea and Bangladesh.[1] Most of the funding comes from the larger, more advanced Asian nations like Japan, India and China as well as international agencies such as the Asian Development Bank.

The project aims to make maximum use of the continent's existing highways to avoid the construction of newer ones, except in cases where missing routes necessitate their construction. Project Monitor, an Asian infrastructure news website, has commented that the:

early beneficiaries of the Asian Highway project are the planners within the national land transport department of the participating countries [since] it assists them in planning the most cost-effective and efficient routes to promote domestic and international trade. Non-coastal areas, which are often negligible, are the other beneficiaries.[1]

However, in the mid-2000s some transportation experts were sceptical about the viability of the project given the economic and political climate in both South and South-East Asia.[1]

History[edit]

The AH project was initiated by the United Nations in 1959 with the aim of promoting the development of international road transport in the region. During the first phase of the project (1960–1970) considerable progress was achieved, however, progress slowed down when financial assistance was suspended in 1975.

ESCAP has conducted several projects in cooperation with AH member countries step by step after the endorsement of ALTID in 1992.

The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network (IGA) was adopted on November 18, 2003, by the Intergovernmental Meeting; the IGA includes Annex I, which identifies 55 AH routes among 32 member countries totalling approximately 140,000 km (87,500 miles), and Annex II "Classification and Design Standards". During the 60th session of the ESCAP Commission at Shanghai, China, in April 2004, the IGA treaty was signed by 23 countries. By 2013, 29 countries had ratified the agreement.[2]

Implications[edit]

India is hopeful that the mega project will continue to bring it and Pakistan closer, as a furtherance of the earlier resumption of bus and train services between the two countries after decades of hostilities.[1]

The advanced highway network would provide for greater trade and social interactions between Asian countries, including personal contacts, project capitalizations, connections of major container terminals with transportation points, and promotion of tourism via the new roadways.[1]

However, rights groups in Southeast Asia monitoring the North-South Corridor segment were concerned with the remote area's rapid development resulting in significant increases to exposure of HIV/AIDS, human trafficking and the possible exploitation of the surrounding forests and wildlife resources.[3]

Regional perceptions of the project[edit]

According to Om Prakash, an advisor in New Delhi: "It's an excellent step taken by ESCAP to gather all the Asian countries under one crown but the problem with this project is political disputes between some countries, notably Pakistan and Myanmar, which is delaying the project".[1]

India views the project favourably since it would increase trade with its neighbours, especially Pakistan and Myanmar.[1]

Sanjoy Hazarika of the Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research commented: ""The [2003] agreement between Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand needs to be considered by India as an international link for trade, while retaining the presently designated AH route through Tamabil, Bangladesh, and Imphal, India." As well, he also stated: "Given its extensive geographical coverage and the recent move to integrate it with other means of transportation, the Asian Highway project requires collective effort and close collaboration among the Asian countries."[1]

Routes[edit]

Route AH1 is proposed to extend from Tokyo to the border with Bulgaria west of Istanbul and Edirne, passing through both Koreas, China and other countries in Southeast, Central and South Asia. The corridor is expected to improve trade links between East Asian countries, India and Russia. To complete the route, existing roads will be upgraded and new roads constructed to link the network. US$ 25 billion has been spent or committed as of 2007, with additional US$ 18 billion needed for upgrades and improvements to 26,000 km of highway.[4]

Numbering and signage[edit]

The project new highway route numbers begin with "AH", standing for "Asian Highway", followed by one, two or three digits.[5] Single-digit route numbers from 1 to 9 are assigned to major Asian Highway routes which cross more than one subregion.[5] Two- and three-digit route numbers are assigned to indicate the routes within subregions, including those connecting to neighbouring subregions, and self-contained highway routes within the participating countries.[5] Route numbers are printed in the Latin script and Arabic numerals and may simply be added to existing signage, like the E-road network.[5]

The actual design of the signs has not been standardized, only that the letters and digits are in white or black, but the color, shape and size of the sign being completely flexible. Most examples feature a blue rectangular shield with a white inscription (similar to German Autobahn signage) with further examples of white on green and black on white rectangular shields.[1][3][5]

First car crossing[edit]

What is believed to be the first car crossing of the full extent (East to West) of the new Asian Highway was achieved by Britons Richard Meredith and Phil Colley in 2007 driving an Aston Martin.

Following the AH1 and the AH5 from Tokyo (the Highway grid's furthest point East) to Istanbul (furthest West), they drove a total of 12089 km (7512 miles) before joining the European motorway network for another 3259 km (2025 miles) to London.

Including ferry trips and customs clearance delays, the journey took 49 days and crossed 18 countries.

The completed route was verified by Aston Martin[6] and the UN's Asian Commission (UNESCAP) in Bangkok, whose director of transport and tourism Barry Cable confirmed "I can warrant that, to my best knowledge, this was the first car to undertake this journey".[7][8]

Eurowatch in London provided independent corroboration by tracking the car's location from satellite position reports and plotting the vehicle's location throughout the journey.[9][10]

Meredith, a travel author and veteran of distance-driving events, agreed to make the attempt after attending the Asian Highway Treaty's "coming into force" ceremony in Bangkok on July 4, 2005.

He was lent an Aston Martin v8 Vantage which had previously been the personal transport of the company's chief executive Dr Ulrich Bez and recruited Phil Colley, a linguist and travel expert from Kennington, South London, to be his co-driver. The car was shipped out to Tokyo by the company and they set off on June 25.[11]

Although the trip was facilitated by UNESCAP through its member nations, there were still extensive problems[12] including enforced detours and interminable customs clearance delays in China, pot-holed roads in Kazakhstan and leaded-only fuel in Uzbekistan. In Tbilisi, Georgia, the journey car crashed after being left on a hillside with its handbrake unsecured.

When the record-setting car returned[13][14] a welcome-home reception was staged by Aston Martin at the Park Lane Hotel in London and Meredith later received a civic award from his home town of Milton Keynes.[15][16][17]

The car was sold at auction in December 2007 by Bonhams[18][19] and the proceeds donated to UNICEF, the United Nations Children's Fund. In March 2008 a total collection of 83,000 euros was presented to UNICEF China for a campaign to reduce child deaths on the roads of Beijing.[20]

Route log[edit]

Single-digit routes run across the whole continent:

10-29 and 100-299 are assigned to Southeast Asia:

30-39 and 300-399 are assigned to East Asia and Northeast Asia:

  • AH30, 2,739 km (1712 miles); Ussuriysk, Russia (on AH6) to Chita, Russia (on AH6)
  • AH31, 1,595 km (997 miles); Belogorsk, Russia (on AH30) to Dalian, China
  • AH32, 3,748 km (2342.5 miles); Sonbong, North Korea (on AH6) to Khovd, Mongolia (on AH4)
  • AH33, 575 km (359 miles); Harbin, China (on AH6/AH31) to Tongjiang, China
  • AH34, 1,033 km (646 miles); Lianyungang, China to Xi'an, China (on AH5)
  • AH368; from Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong to Sha Tin, Hong Kong
  • AH374; from Guangzhou, China to Kennedy Town, Hong Kong

40-59 and 400-599 are assigned to South Asia:

  • AH41, 948 km (592.5 miles); border between Myanmar and Bangladesh to Mongla, Bangladesh
  • AH42, 3,754 km (2346 miles); Lanzhou, China (on AH5) to Barhi, India (on AH1)
  • AH43, 3,024 km (1892 miles); Agra, India (on AH1) to Matara, Sri Lanka
  • AH44, 107 km (67 miles); Dambulla, Sri Lanka (on AH43) to Trincomalee, Sri Lanka
  • AH45, 2,030 km (1269 miles); Kolkata, India (on AH1) to Bangalore, India (on AH43/AH47)
  • AH46, 1,967 km (1,222 miles); named Great Eastern Highway within India from its East Coast to West Coast - Hazirah-Surat-Jalgaon-Howrah(Kolkata) till AH2.
  • AH47, 2,057 km (1286 miles); Gwalior, India (on AH43) to Bangalore, India (on AH43/AH45)
  • AH48, 1 km (.625 miles); Phuentsholing, Bhutan to border between Bhutan and India
  • AH51, 862 km (539 miles); Peshawar, Pakistan (on AH1) to Quetta, Pakistan (on AH2/AH7)

60-89 and 600-899 are assigned to North Asia, Central Asia and Southwest Asia:

Distance by country[edit]

The planned network runs a total of 87,799 miles (140,479 km).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Kamat, Rahul The Great Asian Highway, Project Monitor website, 31 January 2005. Retrieved 2009-05-05
  2. ^ [1].
  3. ^ a b McCartan, Brian Roadblocks on the Great Asian Highway, Asia Times website, 23 January 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-05;
  4. ^ "Priority Investment Needs for the Development for the Asian Highway Network", accessed July 14, 2007
  5. ^ a b c d e Newswire, Tourism Commission of the International Geographical Union website. Retrieved 2009-05-05;
  6. ^ Letter 2007-07-09 Janette Green, Director Brand Communications, Aston Martin, Gaydon CV35 0DB, England
  7. ^ Letter 2007-18-10 Barry Cable, Director Transport & Tourism Division, United Nations ESCAP (Economic & Social Commission for Asia & the Pacific), Bangkok 10200, Thailand.
  8. ^ (2008) Driven Together Published by Mercury Books on behalf of Word Go Ltd. Page vi (ISBN 9780954143244)
  9. ^ Tracking and map log Letter and data 2007-28-09 Dr Sebastian Archer, Solutions ARchitect, EurowatchCEntral Ltd, London EC4Y 0HB.
  10. ^ Driven Together - Outside Back Cover.
  11. ^ Aston Martin on the Asia-Pacific Highway AutoRacing.com, 2007-09-07. Retrieved 2010-01-01
  12. ^ Driven Together - Various
  13. ^ Reuters Aston Martin drivers set Asian Highway record NZ Herald, 2007-15-08. Retrieved 2010-01-01
  14. ^ Wilkinson, Stephen Hammer Down on Asia's Interstate Highways Concierge.com, 2007-23-08. Retrieved 2010-01-01
  15. ^ British Pair Drive Aston Martin into the Record Books Aston Martin, 2007-14-08. Retrieved 2010-01-01
  16. ^ Milton Keynes Citizen 2007-13-09 "Aston adventurer safely home" Page 26
  17. ^ MK News 2007-12-09 "Records shattered on drive home from Japan" Page 22
  18. ^ Record-Breaking Aston Martin to be Sold Bonhams, 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2010-01-01
  19. ^ 103-year-old Rolls Royce sells for a record £3.5m at auction Mail Online, 2007-03-12. Retrieved 2010-01-01
  20. ^ Milton Keynes Citizen 2008-11-03 "Aston adventure" Page 2

External links[edit]