Asiacentrism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Asiocentrism)
Jump to: navigation, search

"Asiacentrism" or "Asiacentricity" is a neologism denoting a supposed ethnocentric perspective that regards Asia[dubious ] (as in Asian American, a racial concept in US society which includes people of East, Southeast and to some extent[clarification needed] South Asian descent) to be either superior, central, or unique relative to other continent or countries. This can take the form of ascribing to Asia unwarranted significance or supremacy at the cost of the rest of the world.[1] The concept arose since the 1990s in the context of a projected Asian Century, the expected economic and cultural dominance of Asia (primarily China) in the 21st century.

Miike (2012) defines Asiacentricity as the idea of "centering, not marginalizing, Asian languages, religions/philosophies, and histories in theorizing and storytelling about Asian thinking and behavior".[clarification needed] According to him, Asiacentricity "aims to encourage careful and critical engagements of Asians in their own cultural traditions for self-understanding, self-expression, communal development, and cross-cultural dialogue". He differentiates Asiacentricity as a particularist position from Asiacentrism as a universalist ideology: Asiacentricity is a "legitimate culture-centric approach to cultural Asia and people of Asian descent", while Asiacentrism is "an ethnocentric approach to non-Asian worlds and people of non-Asian heritage".[2]

Miike identifies six dimensions of Asiacentricity: (1) an assertion of Asians as subjects and agents; (2) the centrality of the collective and humanistic interests of Asia and Asians in the process of knowledge reconstruction about the Asian world; (3) the placement of Asian cultural values and ideals at the center of inquiry into Asian thought and action; (4) the groundedness in Asian historical experiences; (5) an Asian theoretical orientation to data; and (6) an Asian ethical critique and corrective of the dislocation and displacement of Asian people and phenomena.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Asiacentrism and Asian American Studies? - Retrieved 23 July 2013.[unreliable source?] Thomas Wier - Dept. of Linguistics[unreliable source?]
  2. ^ Yoshitaka Miike, “Cultural Traditions and Communication Theory: Clarifying the Asiacentric Paradigm,” China Media Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, July 2012, p. 3.
  3. ^ Yoshitaka Miike, “An Anatomy of Eurocentrism in Communication Scholarship: The Role of Asiacentricity in De-Westernizing Theory and Research,” China Media Research, Vol. 6, No. 1, January 2010, p. 4.
  • Miike, Y. (2008). Toward an alternative metatheory of human communication: An Asiacentric vision. In M. K. Asante, Y. Miike, & J. Yin (Eds.), The global intercultural communication reader (pp. 57-72). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Miike, Y. (2014). The Asiacentric turn in Asian communication studies: Shifting paradigms and changing perspectives. In M. K. Asante, Y. Miike, & J. Yin (Eds.), The global intercultural communication reader (2nd ed., pp. 111–133). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Miike, Y., & Yin, J. (2015). Asiacentricity and shapes of the future: Envisioning the field of intercultural communication in the globalization era. In L. A. Samovar, R. E. Porter, E. R. McDaniel, & C. S. Roy (Eds.), Intercultural communication: A reader (14th ed., pp. 449-465). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
  • Wong, P., Manvi, M., & Wong, T. H. (1995). Asiacentrism and Asian American Studies? Amerasia Journal, 21(1/2), 137-147.
  • Yin, J. (2009). Negotiating the center: Towards an Asiacentric feminist communication theory. Journal of Multicultural Discourses, 4(1), 75-88.