Askham Bryan

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Coordinates: 53°55′44″N 1°09′32″W / 53.929°N 1.159°W / 53.929; -1.159

Askham Bryan
Water Tower near Askham Bryan - geograph.org.uk - 187994.jpg
Water Tower near Askham Bryan
Askham Bryan is located in North Yorkshire
Askham Bryan
Askham Bryan
 Askham Bryan shown within North Yorkshire
Population 582 
OS grid reference SE553484
Unitary authority City of York
Ceremonial county North Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO23
Dialling code 01904
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament York Outer
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Askham Bryan is a village and civil parish in the unitary authority of City of York in the north of England, 6 miles south-west of York, west of Bishopthorpe, and close to Askham Richard and Copmanthorpe. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 582. Prior to 1996 it formed part of the district of Selby.

Askham Bryan is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The name comes from Ascam or Ascha meaning "enclosure of ash-tree". "Bryan" is Bryan FitzAlan. He and his heirs held the manor from the 12th century.[1][2]

In the village is Askham Hall and nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture. The village became a Conservation Area in 1980.

History[edit]

The name of the village is derived partly from Bryan FitzAlan, who was granted the lands by the warden of Richmond Castle. Other notable local families to have been titled Lord of the Manor for the village include the Mowbray's, Stapleton's, and Grey's. The village has sometimes been called East or Great Askham.[3][4] Harry Croft Esq. was one of the last to be recorded as being Lord of the Manor of Askham Bryan in 1890.

The villages of Askham Bryan and close-by Askham Richard were once just one manor around the time of Edward the Confessor and belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia. When Edwin's lands were confiscated by the William the Conqueror, the village was granted to Roger de Mowbray who then passed the Manor to his friend, William de Tykhill, a former Warden of Foss Bridge.[5] It eventually came into the hands of Bryan Fitzalan. During the times of Edward III, the Manor passed from the Grey family via marriage to Sir John Deincourt. The last known hereditary Lord of the Manor of Askham Bryan was Sir John Devede in the reign of Richard III.[6][7]

Governance[edit]

Askham Bryan lies in the Rural West York Ward of the City of York Unitary Authority. As of the 2011 elections it is represented by Councillors Ian Gillies, Paul Healey and Chris Steward who are all members of the local Conservative Party.[8] It is also a part of the UK Parliamentary Constituency of York Outer as well as the EU region of Yorkshire and the Humber.

Demography[edit]

The population of the village has fluctuated from 332 in 1811[9] to 342 inhabitants in 1848[10] to about 300 inhabitants in 1890.[11] The population in 2001 stood at 582.

Geography[edit]

The Nag's Head Pub

The soil in and around the village is composed chiefly of gravel and clay.[12] The village consists of two main streets, Main Street and Askham Fields Lane, which are surrounded by closes and cul-de-sacs. There is a small duck pond opposite the church which was believed to have been dug as part of a medieval drainage system. Several species of waterbirds, including Mallard, Moorhen and the Canada Goose have been seen on and around the pond. The centre of the village is the oldest part of Askham Bryan but it also includes the 18th century Nag's Head pub, the Victorian Doctor's House and the old school, which was closed in the 1960s when it merged with St. Mary's C. of E. Primary School in Askham Richard. The Village Hall was built in 1836 and is a former Methodist Chapel.[13]

Economy[edit]

The village is mainly a commuter village for nearby cities, though there is still some agriculture. The nearby Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture provides some local employment.

Transport[edit]

Utopia buses serve Askham Bryan as part of route 37 between York and Tadcaster.[14]

Education[edit]

The old Victorian school was recorded as having 45 children.[15] As of 2010, Primary Education is catered for at St Mary's Church of England Voluntary Community School in nearby Askham Richard.[16] For secondary education, the village is in the catchment area of York High School on Cornlands Road in nearby Acomb.[17]

Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture. The college was originally known as the Yorkshire Institute of Agriculture, which opened in 1948. It became Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture in 1967. It now includes equine management, animal management, land management, business, food production, engineering and bioscience.[18]

Sports[edit]

Askham Bryan Cricket Club fondly called as ABCC, is cricket club based in Askham Bryan, York. The Club have two teams in the York Vale[19] league, first XI in division 1 and the second XI in division 4. Askham Bryan Cricket Club has been competing in one form or another for roughly 100 years.

Religion[edit]

St Nicholas Church

The parish church of St. Nicholas can be found near the centre of the village and dates back to the 11th century and is of an original Norman design though with a working 17th century bell tower.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Name Origin". Archived from the original on 18 October 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  2. ^ "Name origins". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  3. ^ "Lords of the Manor". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  4. ^ "Name History". 
  5. ^ "Nobility". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  6. ^ "History of Landowners". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "History of Landowners". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  8. ^ "Councillors". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  9. ^ Population History. Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  10. ^ "Victorian Population". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  11. ^ "Village Population". Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "Village Geography". Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  13. ^ "Village History". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  14. ^ "Route 37 timetable". northyorkstravel.info. 29 May 2011. 
  15. ^ "School History". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  16. ^ "Village School". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  17. ^ "Secondary Education". 
  18. ^ "Education". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  19. ^ "Askham Bryan Cricket Club". Retrieved 17 April 2013. 
  20. ^ "Village Church". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 

External links[edit]