Asmara International Airport

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Asmara International Airport
Eritrean Airlines Boeing 767-200ER UR-SDV-1.jpg
An Eritrean Airlines Boeing 767 at the Asmara International Airport.
IATA: ASMICAO: HHAS
ASM is located in Eritrea
ASM
ASM
Location of airport in Eritrea
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Serves Asmara
Location Asmara, Eritrea
Hub for Nasair Eritrea
Elevation AMSL 7,661 ft / 2,335 m
Coordinates 15°17′30.67″N 38°54′38.40″E / 15.2918528°N 38.9106667°E / 15.2918528; 38.9106667
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
07/25 9,842 3,000 Asphalt
12/30 5,951 1,814 Asphalt

Asmara International Airport, formerly known as Yohannes IV International Airport (IATA: ASMICAO: HHAS), is an airport in Asmara, the capital of Eritrea.

History[edit]

The Asmara airport was created in 1922, the first such facility to be opened in Italian Eritrea. It served as the main military airport in the territory. In the mid-1930s, the airport began offering civilian and commercial flights.

A Sudan government Ilyushin Il-62M at the Asmara International Airport.

On 7 July 1935, an agreement was signed with Imperial Airways to connect Asmara to Khartoum. A regular Kassala-Khartoum-Asmara-Massawa 770 km commercial route was subsequently started with a Caproni 133 of the Italian Ala Littoria.[1]

During World War II, the airport was nearly destroyed by the British. It was later renovated in the 1950s, and reopened to offer flights to Addis Ababa and other cities in Ethiopia.[citation needed] With Eritrea's independence in the 1990s, the airport became an international portal to the new nation. In April 2003, after improvements to the airport's runways, Eritrean Airlines started regular services between Asmara and Frankfurt, Milan, Nairobi and Rome.

Facilities[edit]

Facilities of the Asmara International Airport.

The airport is the most important of Eritrea, even if it has some restrictions because it is located inside the external neighboroughs of Asmara.

In 2004, the airport served 136,526 passengers (+11.8% vs. '03).

Asmara International Airport has capacity restrictions due to its small terminal, short runway and 1.5-mile altitude. Consequently, large jet aircraft (like an A380, MD-11 or 747) cannot fly to the airport. Aircraft of this size would instead need to use the Massawa International Airport, on the Eritrean coast.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A United Arab Emirates Air Force Boeing C-17A Globemaster III at the Asmara International Airport.
Airlines Destinations
EgyptAir Cairo
Eritrean Airlines Jeddah
Nova Airways Kassala, Khartoum
FlyOlympic
operated by SkyGreece Airlines
Athens
Sudan Airways Kassala,[citation needed] Khartoum, Port Sudan[citation needed]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk (begins 19 August 2014)[2]
Yemenia Sana'a

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Flavio Riccitelli (A.I.D.A.). "ALA LITTORIA S.A. (1934–1941)". Il Postalista. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Turkish Airlines Adds Asmara Service from late-August 2014". Airline Route. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]