Asmara International Airport
|Asmara International Airport|
|An Eritrean Airlines Boeing 767 at the Asmara International Airport.|
|IATA: ASM – ICAO: HHAS
|Hub for||Nasair Eritrea|
|Elevation AMSL||7,661 ft / 2,335 m|
The Asmara airport was created in 1922, the first such facility to be opened in Italian Eritrea. It served as the main military airport in the territory. In the mid-1930s, the airport began offering civilian and commercial flights.
On 7 July 1935, an agreement was signed with Imperial Airways to connect Asmara to Khartoum. A regular Kassala-Khartoum-Asmara-Massawa 770 km commercial route was subsequently started with a Caproni 133 of the Italian Ala Littoria.
During World War II, the airport was nearly destroyed by the British. It was later renovated in the 1950s, and reopened to offer flights to Addis Ababa and other cities in Ethiopia. With Eritrea's independence in the 1990s, the airport became an international portal to the new nation. In April 2003, after improvements to the airport's runways, Eritrean Airlines started regular services between Asmara and Frankfurt, Milan, Nairobi and Rome.
The airport is the most important of Eritrea, even if it has some restrictions because it is located inside the external neighboroughs of Asmara.
In 2004, the airport served 136,526 passengers (+11.8% vs. '03).
Asmara International Airport has capacity restrictions due to its small terminal, short runway and 1.5-mile altitude. Consequently, large jet aircraft (like an A380, MD-11 or 747) cannot fly to the airport. Aircraft of this size would instead need to use the Massawa International Airport, on the Eritrean coast.
Airlines and destinations
|Nova Airways||Kassala, Khartoum|
operated by SkyGreece Airlines
|Sudan Airways||Kassala, Khartoum, Port Sudan|
|Turkish Airlines||Istanbul-Atatürk (begins 19 August 2014)|
- Flavio Riccitelli (A.I.D.A.). "ALA LITTORIA S.A. (1934–1941)". Il Postalista. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
- "Turkish Airlines Adds Asmara Service from late-August 2014". Airline Route. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
- Airport information for HHAS at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.