Asnelles

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Asnelles
View of the beach
View of the beach
Coat of arms of Asnelles
Coat of arms
Asnelles is located in France
Asnelles
Asnelles
Coordinates: 49°20′18″N 0°34′58″W / 49.3383°N 0.5828°W / 49.3383; -0.5828Coordinates: 49°20′18″N 0°34′58″W / 49.3383°N 0.5828°W / 49.3383; -0.5828
Country France
Region Lower Normandy
Department Calvados
Arrondissement Bayeux
Canton Ryes
Intercommunality Bessin, Seulles et Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2020) Alain Scribe
Area
 • Land1 2.52 km2 (0.97 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 579
 • Population2 density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 14022 / 14960
Elevation 1–21 m (3.3–68.9 ft)
(avg. 6 m or 20 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Asnelles is a French commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region of north-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Asnellois or Asnelloises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Asnelles is located at the seaside some 13 km north-east of Bayeux and 10 west of Courseulles-sur-Mer. Access to the commune is by the D514 road from Saint-Côme-de-Fresné in the west passing through the town and continuing to Ver-sur-Mer in the east. The D65 road from Arromanches to Meuvaines passes through the south of the commune. The D65A links the D514 to the D65. A large part of the commune is residential with the sea shore fully urban but some 50% of the commune is farmland.[2]

The Gronde river passes through the heart of the commune from south to north emptying into the English Channel.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

Tradition says that William the Conqueror, to escape his pursuers and after having taken refuge at the house of Baron Hubert de Ryes, regained his ducal castle by following small sunken pathways including one that now bears the name of Sente au Bâtard (Sente the Bastard). This footpath is difficult in places and it crosses the Gronde, bypassing part of the village, and leads to old farmhouses and old stone houses at Creully.

The name Asnelles (from the Latin asinellas meaning "little donkeys") appears for the first time in an official document at the end of the 12th century when work began on the early church dedicated to St. Martin. At that time a market for donkeys stood in the field opposite the church near the public square "planître". The coastline was then a large swamp which often caused fevers: people would implore the protection of Saint Honorine in a small chapel built on the ruins of a Gallo-Roman Villa which would be located near the modern cemetery.

Until the end of the 17th century there was a small harbour at the mouth of the Gronde called Port Heurtault which had nearly 2,000 boat movements per year of boats involved in coastal shipping or Cabotage. The port was silted up by a storm, so that the Amirauté Court or Maritime Court, which was created in 1554 at Asnelles, was transferred to Bayeux. During the 18th century, Asnelles was the seat of a Captainerie (Official residence of the officer of the port) and a coastal militia was responsible for monitoring the sea and reporting the approach of any English ship.

In the middle of the 19th century the village underwent major changes. Under the leadership of the Mayor, Dr. Théodore Labbey, significant work was undertaken including: the draining of marshes, the construction of a Levee, and many large houses - some of which remain today. Asnelles becomes Asnelles-la-Belle-Plage, a name given by many swimmers at the beach which took the appearance of a "small Trouville", according to the newspapers of the time, with its casino and its up-market hotels. The beach resort was served by the Chemins de Fer du Calvados (Railways of Calvados) from 1899 to 1932. The construction of a Preventorium for children with tuberculosis who had a parent working at the SNCF was imposed on the commune in 1926. Until the eve of the Second World War it accommodated more than 1,500 boys and girls.

On 6 June 1944 British soldiers landed at Asnelles: the 231st Infantry Brigade was commanded by General Sir Alexander Stanier. The Dorset Regiment, which made landfall at 7:25am, was the first British regiment to set foot in Normandy. They were followed by the Devonshire and Hampshire regiments, as well as the 47th Commando of Royal Marines. The village was liberated in the afternoon with heavy losses mainly due to a 77 mm cannon which covered all the beach on the eastern side.

Immediately after the landing the construction of the Mulberry harbour at Arromanches began of which the eastern part was at Asnelles consisting of the Phoenix caissons which enclosed the port on the eastern side starting from the commune beach.

The spokesman of General de Gaulle, who was one of the "Voices of France", Maurice Schumann also landed at Asnelles. He now is buried in the nearby cemetery of Calvary. The village recovered slowly from the D-Day operations: many large houses were severely damaged or destroyed: the Levee and the holds suffered greatly and many roads had to be rebuilt. There were however no civilian casualties reported.

Today, economic activity in Asnelles is mainly tourism with many second homes, camping, a leisure park, cottages, and family homes.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Asnelles
Blazon:

Azure, a bark of Gules issuant from dexter, sailed in Argent and sailing on a rough Ocean in base, at sinister chief a mullet of Or radiant towards base.[3]



Administration[edit]

The Town Hall

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
2001 Emmanuel Deneffle
2001 2001 Jean-Pierre Malo Chemical Engineer
2001 2020 Alain Scribe[5] Retired marketing consultant

(Not all data is known)

The municipal council is composed of 15 members with 4 deputy mayors.

Twinning[edit]

Asnelles has twinning associations with:[6]

Panoramic view of Asnelles

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 579 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
407 35 400 408 423 426 450 448 416
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
410 394 407 414 438 375 361 354 375
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
407 365 329 287 243 337 471 323 334
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
303 267 284 334 478 571 589 579 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Asnelles

Economy[edit]

Asnelles is a beach resort located on the Côte de Nacre. It has a beautiful sandy beach which is adjacent to the Arromanches beach. It also has a land sailing club. Asnelle is located on the Circuit of the landing beaches in Normandy. The commune has created a hiking trail called La Sente au Bâtard in honour of William the Conqueror.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

Asnelles has many buildings and structures that are classified as historical monuments as well as other points of interest that are not registered. They are:

  • Farmhouse at 19 Rue de la Cavée (1782)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • Lavoir (Public laundry) at Rue du Débarquement (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • Chateau at 1 Rue du Débarquement (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9]
  • Maison le Mesnil at 2 Rue du Débarquement (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • House at 12-14 Rue de l'Eglise (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[11]
  • Farmhouse at 36 Rue de l'Eglise (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[12]
  • Abri Sainte-Thérèse House at 8 Rue de l'Eglise (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[13]
  • House at 12 Rue du Front de Mar (1945)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • Villa Cosson (Les Tourelles) at 15 Route de la Libération (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • Villa Neptune at 17 Route de la Libération (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • Villa les Tamaris (Centre Fernand Leconte) at 21 Route de la Libération (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • Villa Carrée at 23 Route de la Libération (1874)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • Stone Bridge at Rue Paul Hélaine (1846)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • House at 2 Rue des Pérelles (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • Fire Station at Rue de Southampton (1873)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • Commerce House at 17 Rue de Southampton (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]
  • Château d'Asnelles at 42 Rue de Southampton (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[23]
  • House at 53 Rue de Southampton (1958)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[24]
  • Beach defence battery (1942)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[25]
  • Tithe Barn (14th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[26]
  • Town Hall, Post Office, and Primary School (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[27]
  • Village (12th-19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[28]
  • Houses and Hotels (16th - 20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[29]
  • Phoenix Caissons (offshore), were used for building Levees and jetties for the Mulberry harbour after the landings and for Bunkers on the coast.
  • Sente au Bâtard (walking path) (William the Conqueror passed there according to legend).
  • The Biscuit Factory famous for their Shortbread of Asnelles
  • La Gronde river
  • Seaweed beach

Religious heritage[edit]

A number of religious buildings and structures have been registered as historical monuments. These are:

  • Presbytery (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[30]
  • Monumental Cross at Rue de Southampton (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[31]
  • Parish Church of Saint-Martin (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[32]

The Church of Saint Martin contains many items which are registered as historical objects. These are:

  • A Chasuble (ornamented in gold) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[33]
  • 2 Copes (ornamented in rose) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[34]
  • A Cope (ornamented in rose) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[35]
  • A Cope (ornamented in violet) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[36]
  • 2 Candlesticks (torches) (18th & 19th centuries)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[37]
  • 2 Candelabra (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[38]
  • A Candlestick (torch) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[39]
  • A Ciborium for the sick (19th & 20th centuries)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[40]
  • 2 Ciboriums (19th & 20th centuries)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[41]
  • A Ciborium (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[42]
  • A Paten (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[43]
  • 4 Altar Candlesticks (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[44]
  • 3 Chalices with patens (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[45]
  • A Chalice with paten (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[46]
  • A Chalice with paten (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[47]
  • A Chalice (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[48]
  • A Statue: Saint Pierre (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[49]
  • A Statue: Notre-Dame des flots (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[50]
  • 2 Altars, Retables, and Tabernacles (Secondary Altars) (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[51]
  • A Painting: Annunciation (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[52]
  • A Retable (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[53]
  • The Main Altar with Retable (17th & 19th centuries)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[54]
  • A Stained glass window (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[55]
  • A Stained glass window: Notre-Dame des flots (1931)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[56]
  • A Hagiographic Stained glass window: Charity of Saint Martin (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[57]
  • A Figurative Stained glass window: Bon Pasteur (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[58]
  • 7 Allegorical Stained glass windows (20th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[59]
  • The Furniture in the Church of Saint-MartinLogo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[60]

Events[edit]

The Festival of the Sea takes place on 15 August every two years in odd years.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Maurice Schumann (1911-1998), Companion of the Liberation, politician and journalist, is buried in the new municipal cemetery of Asnelles.
  • Théodore Labbey (1804-1873), Mayor of Asnelles under the French Second Empire and author of the first book on the history of the commune: Asnelles, paintings and memories, 1865.
  • Chigouesnel, magistrate, author of the monumental New History of Bayeux, 1867.
  • Jean Elivaire (1824 at Courseulles to 1862 at Courseulles), architect of some resort villas in the Côte de Nacre, a hotel on the street on the waterfront

Bibliography[edit]

  • Labbey (Théodore), Asnelles, paintings and memories, Typographie Saint-Ange Duvant, Bayeux, 1865. (French)
  • Chanterenne (H. de), Analysis of old parish registers - Asnelles-sur-mer, Meuvaines, Henri Delesques, Caen, 1912. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Asnelles and its history, photography by Pierre Touraine, Imprimerie La Renaissance du Bessin, Bayeux, 1973. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Asnelles-la-Belle-Plage in postcards, Imprimerie Lebrun, Caen, 1979. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Asnelles-sur-Mer, preface by Alain Garnavault and Gilbert Rameaux, photography by Pierre Touraine, La Renaissance du Bessin, Bayeux, 1990. (French)
  • Ducouret (Bernard), Villas of Arromanches-les-Bains, Asnelles, Tracy-sur-Mer, Ver-sur-Mer, Itineraries of heritage, 1993. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Asnelles-la-Belle-Plage and its surroundings, preface by Frédéric Gavard, Éditions Charles Corlet, Condé-sur-Noireau, 1997. (French)
  • Le Bessin, Churches of the heart, "Saint-Martin d’Asnelles", A.D.T.L.B., 1997. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), The Church of Saint-Martin of Asnelles, preface by Monseigneur Pierre Pican, Bishop of Bayeux and Lisieux, Éditions Charles Corlet, Condé-sur-Noireau, 1999. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Sea bathing and thermalism in Normandy, Birth of sea bathing at Asnelles, Acts of the 36th congress of Historical and Archaeological societies of Normandy, Annales de Normandie, Caen, 2002. (French)
  • Saunders (Tim), Gold beach - Jig, Jig sector and west - June 1944, Leo Cooper, 2002.
  • Pouchain (Gérard), 100 Postcards of Asnelles during the Belle Époque, Éditions Charles Corlet, Condé-sur-Noireau, 2003. (French)
  • Hargrove (Charles), Asnelles, 6 June 1944, preface by Admiral Brac de La Perrière, Collection Histoires normandes, Esther Flon Éditions, Lisieux, 2004. (French)
  • Benamou (Jean-Pierre), Gold beach, Collection Memory 1944, OREP Éditions, 2004.
  • Trew (Simon), Gold beach, Sutton publishing, 2004.
  • Cormier (Antoine) and Vermont (Bertrand), It was then a town by the sea, Les Sablés d’Asnelles, Les Tourelles, 2004. (French)
  • Meigh (Harry J), My memories of the campaign in Normandy, June 1944, (s.n.), (s.d.).
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Asnelles in the Press (1808-1873), 2005; Asnelles in the Press (1874-1892), 2006; Asnelles in the Press (1893-1901), 2007, La Renaissance du Bessin, Bayeux, Asnelles in the Press (1902-1921), 2008; Asnelles in the Press (1922-1937), 2009; Asnelles in the Press (1938-1957), Diamen, Bayeux. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Asnelles the beautiful beach (1894-1896), photography by Philibert Bonvillain, Diamen, Bayeux, 2008. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), The Marcia C. Day, [Les Tamaris, Les Tourelles, Les Sablés d’Asnelles], Diamen, Bayeux, 2008. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), 6 June 1944, Asnelles - Le Hamel, (Les Tamaris, Les Tourelles, Les Sablés d'Asnelles), Diamen, Bayeux, 2010. (French)
  • Pouchain (Gérard), Maurice Schumann - Asnelles and Bayeux, places of Liberty and Fidelity (6 June 1944-13 February 1998), 2011, Diamen, Bayeux. (French)
  • Le Trait d’union (Parish journal), 1932-1937 and 1948-1958. (French)
  • La Belle Plage (School journal), 1949-1964. (French)
  • Asnelles Informations (Municipal journal), 1983-1993. (French)
  • Asnelles Infos (Municipal journal), 1995-2000. (French)
  • Asnelles Nouvelles (Municipal journal), depuis 2001. (French)
  • La Renaissance Le Bessin - Côte de Nacre, Asnelles à la loupe, 2 August 2005. (French)
  • Ducouret (Bernard) and Perrein (Christian), Topographic Inventory of Asnelles, Base Mérimée (Ministry of Culture website), 1990. (French)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ GASO, Blazon Bank - Asnelles Calvados, consulted on 20 September 2011 (French) Referenced blazon is incorrect - a dextre should say a sinistre
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Asnelles Elections 2014 (French)
  6. ^ National Commission for Decentralised cooperation (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121759 Farmhouse (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121744 Lavoir (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121746 Chateau (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121748 Maison le Mesnil (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121750 House (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121760 Farmhouse (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121749 Abri Sainte-Thérèse House (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121751 House (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121752 Villa Cossom (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121753 Villa Neptune (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121754 Villa les Tamaris (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121755 Villa Carrée (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121762 Stone bridge (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121756 House (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121743 Fire Station (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121757 Commerce House (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121745 Château d'Asnelles (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121758 House (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00111837 Beach defence battery (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121761 Tithe Barn (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121742 Town Hall, Post Office, and Primary School (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121739 Village (French)
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121738 Houses and Hotels (French)
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121747 Presbytery (French)
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121741 Monumental Cross (French)
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121740 Church of Saint-Martin (French)
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001178 Chasuble (French)
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001177 2 Copes (Red) (French)
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001176 2 Copes (Red) (French)
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001175 Cope (Violet) (French)
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001174 2 Candlesticks (French)
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001173 2 Candelabra (French)
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001172 Candlestick (French)
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001171 Ciborium for the sick (French)
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001170 2 Ciboriums (French)
  42. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001169 Ciborium (French)
  43. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001168 Paten (French)
  44. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001167 4 Altar Candlesticks (French)
  45. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001166 3 Chalices with patens (French)
  46. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001165 Chalice with paten (French)
  47. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001164 Chalice with paten (French)
  48. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001163 Chalice (French)
  49. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001162 Statue: Saint Pierre (French)
  50. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001161 Statue: Notre-Dame des flots (French)
  51. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001160 2 Altars, Retables, and Tabernacles (French)
  52. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001159 Painting: Annunciation (French)
  53. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001158 Retable (French)
  54. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001157 Main Altar with Retable (French)
  55. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001156 Stained glass window (French)
  56. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001155 Stained glass window: Notre-Dame des flots (French)
  57. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001154 Stained glass window: Charity of St. Martin (French)
  58. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001153 Stained glass window: Bon Pasteur (French)
  59. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001152 7 Stained glass windows (French)
  60. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001151 Furniture in the Church of St. Martin (French)