Asphodeline

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Asphodeline
Asphodeline lutea pm1.jpg
Asphodeline lutea
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae
Subfamily: Asphodeloideae
Genus: Asphodeline
Rchb.[1]
Type species
Asphodeline lutea [1]
(L.) Rchb.
Synonyms[2]

Asphodeline is a genus of perennial plants in the family Xanthorrhoeaceae, first described as a genus in 1830.[3] It is native to the eastern Mediterranean region and the Middle East from Italy and Algeria east to Iran.[2][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Asphodeline has fleshy roots and fragrant, starry flowers that are yellow in May to June. It grows up to 4 ft in well-drained soil. Its foliage is blue-green and grassy, with tall, narrow flower spikes. It takes at least three years before newly planted seedlings flower. The yellow flowers always make an interesting addition to the late-spring garden. The individual flowers on the spikes open in a seemingly random order, and do not last long, being replaced quickly by other flowers.

Species[2]
  1. Asphodeline anatolica Tuzlaci - Turkey
  2. Asphodeline baytopiae Tuzlaci - Turkey, Syria
  3. Asphodeline brevicaulis (Bertol.) J.Gay ex Baker - from Greece to Iran
  4. Asphodeline cilicica Tuzlaci - Turkey
  5. Asphodeline damascena (Boiss.) Baker - Turkey, Syria
  6. Asphodeline globifera J.Gay ex Baker - Turkey, Syria
  7. Asphodeline liburnica (Scop.) Rchb. - Italy, southern Balkans, Aegean
  8. Asphodeline lutea (L.) Rchb. - from Italy + Algeria to Turkey
  9. Asphodeline peshmeniana Tuzlaci - Turkey
  10. Asphodeline prismatocarpa J.Gay ex Boiss. - Turkey
  11. Asphodeline prolifera (M.Bieb.) Kunth - Caucasus, Iran, Turkey
  12. Asphodeline recurva Post - Turkey, Syria, Jordan
  13. Asphodeline rigidifolia (Boiss. & Heldr.) Baker - Turkey
  14. Asphodeline sertachiae Tuzlaci - Turkey
  15. Asphodeline taurica (Pall. ex M.Bieb.) Endl. - from Albania to Caucasus
  16. Asphodeline tenuior (Fisch. ex M.Bieb.) Ledeb. - Caucasus, Iran, Turkey
  17. Asphodeline turcica Tuzlaci - Turkey

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The genus Asphodeline was coined by the botanist Ludwig Reichenbach, and originally published in Flora Germanica Excursoria 116. 1830. The type species, described therein from a lectotype, is A. lutea.
    "Name - Asphodeline Rchb.". Tropicos. Saint Louis, Missouri: Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved August 6, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c "Search for Asphodeline". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2014-07-06. 
  3. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), "Asparagales: Asphodeloideae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2014-02-25
  4. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Asphodeline
  5. ^ Maire, R. (1958). Flore de l'Afrique du Nord 5: 1-307. Paul Lechevalier, Paris.
  6. ^ Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
  7. ^ Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  8. ^ Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  9. ^ Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  10. ^ Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  11. ^ Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.