Asri Muda

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This is a Malay name; the name Muda is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Asri.
Tan Sri Datuk
Asri Muda
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1971–1973
Monarch Abdul Halim
Prime Minister Abdul Razak Hussein
Preceded by vacant (last held by Tan Chee Khoon)
Succeeded by Lim Kit Siang
President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party
In office
1969–1982
Preceded by Burhanuddin al-Helmy
Succeeded by Yusof Rawa
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
In office
1964–1974
Preceded by Ishak Lotfi Omar
Succeeded by Mohamad Nasir
Personal details
Born (1923-10-10)10 October 1923
Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Died 28 August 1992(1992-08-28) (aged 68)
Political party Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (until 1983)
Hamim (1983-1988)
UMNO (1988-1992)
Religion Islam

Tan Sri Datuk Mohamad Asri Muda (10 October 1923–28 August 1992) was a Malaysian politician who served as the President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) from 1969 to 1982,[1] and as the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Kelantan.[2]

Early and personal life[edit]

Asri was born on 11 October 1923 in Kota Bharu, the capital of Kelantan. He was a school teacher and journalist before entering politics. He was elected to the Kelantan State Assembly and the federal House of Representatives in the 1959 election.[3]

Menteri Besar of Kelantan[edit]

Asri became the Menteri Besar of Kelantan in 1964, replacing Ishak Lotfi Omar.[4] He served as Menteri Besar until 1974, when he resigned to become a Minister in the federal government.[3]

PAS Presidency[edit]

Under Asri's leadership, PAS became a member of the governing Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition for the first and only time, from 1973 to 1978. Asri became the Minister for Land and Rural Development in the BN government.[1] Asri's leadership was also notable for the shifting of PAS's outlook towards Malay nationalism. Both joining the BN coalition and moving away from religious-based policy platforms caused the party to lose support.[5] In 1982, Asri was ousted as PAS leader by the religious ulama faction of the party, to be replaced by Yusof Rawa.[6] After Asri's tenure, PAS shifted to a more radical religious platform.[6]

After PAS[edit]

Following his loss of the PAS presidency, Asri founded the Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (Hamim) but failed to achieve any electoral success.[3] In 1988, he joined PAS's rivals, the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), claiming that PAS had "deviated" and had been "infiltrated by extremist foreign elements".[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ibrahim Abu Bakar (2009). "PAS and Its Islamist Fundamentalism in Malaysia Ibrahim Abu Bakar". Journal of Human Sciences 7 (43). 
  2. ^ Husin Ali (2008). The Malays, their problems and future. The Other Press. p. 49. ISBN 983-9541-62-5. 
  3. ^ a b c Leifer, Michael (2001). Dictionary of the modern politics of South-East Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 63. ISBN 0-415-23875-7. 
  4. ^ "Former Kelantan MB Ishak dies". New Straits Times (New Straits Times Press). 13 May 1992. Retrieved 20 June 2010. [dead link]
  5. ^ Matheson Hooker, Virginia; Norani Othman (2003). Malaysia: Islam, society and politics. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 204. ISBN 981-230-161-5. 
  6. ^ a b Matheson Hooker, Virginia; Norani Othman (2003). Malaysia: Islam, society and politics. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. p. 222. ISBN 981-230-161-5. 
  7. ^ Maria Samad (7 December 1988). "Asri: I'm no opportunist". New Straits Times (New Straits Times Press). Retrieved 21 June 2010. 
  8. ^ "Dissidents and Umno Baru can't discount Pas factor". New Straits Times (New Straits Times Press). 28 September 1988. Retrieved 21 June 2010. [dead link]
Political offices
Preceded by
Tan Chee Khoon
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
1971 - 1973
Succeeded by
Lim Kit Siang
Preceded by
Ishak Lotfi Omar
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
1964 - 1974
Succeeded by
Mohamad Nasir
Party political offices
Preceded by
Burhanuddin al-Helmy
President of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party
1969 - 1982
Succeeded by
Yusof Rawa