Bengali Braille

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Bengali Braille
বাংলা ব্রেইল
Bangla Braille
Type
Languages Bengali, Assamese
Parent systems
Print basis
Bengali alphabet

Bengali Braille is used for the Bengali and Assamese languages. According to UNESCO (2013),[1] there are slight different braille conventions for Bengali language in Bangladesh and India, this article compares Bengali Braille in the two countries. As Assamese language also shares almost a common script with Bengali language, the Bengali Braille is also used for the Assamese language.

Bengali Braille chart[edit]

Vowel Alphabets[edit]

Print
Bangladesh ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠜ (braille pattern dots-345) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) -[2]
India ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123)

Consonant Alphabets[edit]

Print
Bangladesh ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠬ (braille pattern dots-346) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25)
India ⠨ (braille pattern dots-46) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356)
Print
Bangladesh
&
India
⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246) ⠿ (braille pattern dots-123456) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345)
Print র / ৰ[3] [4]
Bangladesh ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) -
India ⠘ (braille pattern dots-45) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236)
Print ক্ষ জ্ঞ ড় ঢ় য়[5]
Bangladesh ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠢ (braille pattern dots-26) ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
India ⠐ (braille pattern dots-5) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) (?)[6]

Codas (Script modifiers)[edit]

Print
 ্  ং  ঃ  ঁ
Bangladesh
&
India
⠈ (braille pattern dots-4) ⠰ (braille pattern dots-56) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠲ (braille pattern dots-256)

Numerals[edit]

Bengali numerals
Bangladesh
&
India
⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠼ (braille pattern dots-3456) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)

Punctuation marks[edit]

Print ,  ;  :  ?  ! -
Bangladesh
&
India
⠂ (braille pattern dots-2) ⠆ (braille pattern dots-23) ⠒ (braille pattern dots-25) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠖ (braille pattern dots-235) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36) ⠤ (braille pattern dots-36)
Print ‘ ... ’ [ ... ] / *
Bangladesh
&
India
⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠦ (braille pattern dots-236) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠴ (braille pattern dots-356) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠠ (braille pattern dots-6) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠀ (braille pattern blank) ⠶ (braille pattern dots-2356) ⠄ (braille pattern dots-3) ⠸ (braille pattern dots-456) ⠌ (braille pattern dots-34) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35) ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ World Braille Usage, UNESCO, 2013
  2. ^ The braille letter for is not attested from Bangladesh. (It is an obsolete vowel in modern Bengali language.)
  3. ^ "র" for Bengali in Bangladesh and India and "ৰ" for Assamese in India only.
  4. ^ This alphabet "ৱ" is used in Assamese in India. (Similar to the "ভ" of Bangladesh standard.)
  5. ^ In other Bharati braille alphabets, this is transcribed as short vowel e.
  6. ^ The braille letter for is not attested from India.