Assaye (battle honour)
The Assaye battle honour was awarded by the Governor General of British India to all East India Company battalions and British Army regiments that took part of the Battle of Assaye. The battle occurred on 23 September 1803, near the village of Assaye in western India where a small force under the command of Major General Arthur Wellesley defeated a 50,000 strong army of the Maratha Confederacy. The British and native troops (which consisted of Madras Line only) were awarded the battle honour Assaye with the device of Elephant vide General Order of Governor General dated 30 October 1803. The British regiments and Madras battalions involved were also presented with an honorary colour to mark their achievement. The Madras Battalions celebrated the victory for over a century till their disbandment in the 1920s.
The Royal Highland Fusiliers which were formed in 1971 by an amalgamation of The Royal Scots Fusiliers and the Highland Light Infantry, are the descendant of the 74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot who first became The Highland Light Infantry in 1881, are the only British infantry regiment to still carry the battle honour.
The Light Dragoons, as the descendant of the 19th Light Dragoons, the only British cavalry regiment present, are the only British cavalry regiment to carry the battle honour. They became 19th PWO Hussars and used the Assaye Elephant as their cap badge.
- Madras Pioneers - Presently the Madras Engineer Group
- 1st/2nd and 2nd/12th battalions Madras Infantry - their descendants being the 1st and 10th Battalions, the 1st Punjab Regiment which transferred to Pakistan on partition.
- 5th and 7th Madras Cavalry - Disbanded in 1860
- 1st/10th Madras Infantry (10th MI) - Disbanded in 1890
- 1st/8th Madras Infantry (8th MI) - Disbanded in 1902
- 1st/4th Madras Infantry - (2nd Bn Madras Pioneers) - Disbanded in 1933
- 74th (Highland) Regiment of Foot - Amalgamated with 71st (Highland) Regiment of Foot in 1881 forming the Highland Light Infantry
- 78th (Highlanders) Regiment of Foot - Amalgamated with 72nd Regiment of Foot in 1881 forming the 2nd Battalion of the Seaforth Highlanders
- 19th Light Dragoons - Disbanded in 1821
- Singh, Sarbans (1993) Battle Honours of the Indian Army 1757 - 1971. pg 107.
- "SCOTS History". Ministry of Defence. 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-18.
- Leslie, N.B. (1970). Battle Honours of the British and Indian Armies, 1695-1914. Leo Cooper Ltd. ISBN 0-85052-004-5.