Assab

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Not to be confused with Asab.
Assab
ዓሰብ, ʿAsäb (Tigrinya)
عصب (Arabic)
City
Assab is located in Eritrea
Assab
Assab
Location in Eritrea
Coordinates: 13°00′28″N 42°44′28″E / 13.00778°N 42.74111°E / 13.00778; 42.74111
Country Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea
Region Southern Red Sea
District Southern Denkalya
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 101,284

Assab or Aseb (Tigrinya: ዓሰብ?, ʿAsäb; Arabic: عصب‎) is a port city in the Southern Red Sea Region of Eritrea. It is situated on the west coast of the Red Sea.

Overview[edit]

Assab is known for its large market, beaches and nightlife. It is served by the Assab International Airport.

The city is very hot during summer months, temperatures can touch a scorching high of 40 °C (104 °F) in July and August.

In 1989, Assab had a population of 39,600 inhabitants. It possesses an oil refinery, which was shut down in 1997 for economic reasons. Nearby is the site of the ancient city of Arsinoe.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Assab
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32
(89)
32
(90)
34
(94)
37
(99)
37
(99)
37
(98)
40
(104)
39
(103)
38
(100)
37
(99)
35
(95)
33
(91)
35.9
(96.8)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
19
(67)
21
(69)
24
(75)
26
(78)
28
(82)
31
(87)
30
(86)
28
(82)
26
(78)
22
(72)
21
(69)
24.7
(76.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
3
(0.1)
3
(0.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
15
(0.6)
8
(0.3)
5
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
20
(0.8)
59
(2.3)
Source: Weatherbase [1]

History[edit]

In 1869 it was bought by the Rubattino Shipping Company from the local Sultan, and was acquired by Italy (1882) who found the port inadequate for exploitation of its hinterlands, and came to use Assab as a coaling station.[2]

Economy[edit]

The port facilities were greatly expanded in the early 1990s, with the construction of the new terminal, but the port has declined since trade with Ethiopia was terminated in 1998 as a consequence of the Eritrean-Ethiopian War.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Assab, Eritrea". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  2. ^ Edward Ullendorff, The Ethiopians: An Introduction to Country and People, second edition (London: Oxford University Press, 1965), p. 90. ISBN 0-19-285061-X.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 13°01′N 42°44′E / 13.017°N 42.733°E / 13.017; 42.733