Assembly of Representatives (Mandatory Palestine)
The Assembly of Representatives (Hebrew: אספת הנבחרים, Asefat HaNivharim) was the elected parliamentary assembly of the Jewish community in British controlled Palestine. It was established on 19 April 1920, and functioned until 13 February 1949, the day before the first Knesset, elected on 25 January, was sworn in.
Under the British Mandate, the Yishuv, or Jewish community, established a network of political and administrative institutions, among them the Assembly of Representatives. To ensure that small groups were properly represented, a system of proportional representation was introduced. The largest faction, Ahdut HaAvoda, won only 70 of the Assembly's 314 seats. As a result, coalitions were formed to elect the executive body – the National Council (Va’ad Leumi), which was responsible for education, local government, welfare, security and defense.
The Assembly was elected on four occasions, each with a different number of members (bold face and * indicate groups in multiple Assemblies). In 1944, some groups, especially the Sephardic Jews, boycotted the elections and were not represented.
Elected on 19 April 1920
Elected on 6 December 1925
221 members (201 listed)
Elected on 5 January 1931
1 August 1944 – 13 February 1949
171 members (177 listed)
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- Palestine Through History: A Chronology (I) The Palestine Chronicle
- Itamar Rabinovich & Jehuda Reinharz (2008) Israel in the Middle East Brandeis University Press, p84
- The origins and challenges of Israeli democracy Haaretz, 3 October 2014
- Simple ceremony marks opening session of newly elected Palestine Jewish Assembly Jewish Telegraph Agency, 13 September 1944