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Assembly of the African Union, which is formally known as the African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government AU-AHSG, is one of several decision-making bodies within the African Union. The other bodies are the Pan-African Parliament, the Executive Council consisting of foreign ministers of the AU members states, and the African Union Commission. The Chair of the Assembly has few formal functions, the most important of which is to preside at the Pan-African Parliament during the election and swearing in of the President of the Pan-African Parliament.
History of the Assembly [ edit ]
The Assembly came into existence on 25 May 1963, as part of the ratification of
Organization of African Unity (OAU). Initially the Assembly consisted of 32 independent members, the heads of state of the African states that had achieved independence by 1963. Until 2001, the governing constitution of the Assembly was the OAU Charter. The Assembly is now subject to the Union Act that created the African Union.
Members of the Assembly [ edit ]
The AU Assembly of the Heads of State and Government consists of the 54 heads of state and government of the member countries, the Assembly meets once a year at the
AU Summit. The current Chairman of the Assembly is President Yayi Boni of Benin.
The current members of the AU-AHSG are:
Bouteflika, Abdelaziz Abdelaziz Bouteflika
27 April 1999
José Eduardo dos Santos
10 September 1979
Boni, Thomas Yayi Thomas Yayi Boni
6 April 2006
Khama, Ian Ian Khama
1 April 2008
Compaoré, Blaise Blaise Compaoré
15 August 1987
Nkurunziza, Pierre Pierre Nkurunziza
26 August 2005
Biya, Paul Paul Biya
6 November 1982
Neves, José Maria José Maria Neves
1 February 2001
Central African Republic
Déby, Idriss Idriss Déby
2 August 1990
26 May 2011
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kabila, Joseph Joseph Kabila
26 January 2001
Republic of the Congo
Denis Sassou Nguesso
25 August 1997
4 December 2010
Ismail Omar Guelleh
8 May 1999
Abdel Fattah el-Sisi
8 June 2014
Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, Teodoro Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo
3 August 1979
Afewerki, Isaias Isaias Afewerki
24 May 1993
Desalegne, Haile Mariam Haile Mariam Desalegne
20 August 2012
Ali Bongo Ondimba
19 October 2009
Jammeh, Yahya Yahya Jammeh
22 July 1994
Mahama, John Dramani John Dramani Mahama
24 July 2012
Condé, Alpha Alpha Condé
21 December 2010
Mário Vaz, José José Mário Vaz
23 June 2014
Kibaki, Mwai Mwai Kibaki
30 December 2002
Thabane, Tom Tom Thabane
8 June 2012
Johnson Sirleaf, Ellen Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
16 January 2006
al-Thani, Abdullah Abdullah al-Thani
11 March 2014
Rajaonarimampianina, Hery Hery Rajaonarimampianina
25 January 2014
Mutharika, Peter Peter Mutharika
31 May 2014
Keïta, Ibrahim Boubacar Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
4 September 2013
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
5 August 2009
Ramgoolam, Navin Navin Ramgoolam
5 July 2005
Guebuza, Armando Armando Guebuza
2 February 2005
Pohamba, Hifikepunye Hifikepunye Pohamba
21 March 2005
Issoufou, Mahamadou Mahamadou Issoufou
7 April 2011
Jonathan, Goodluck Goodluck Jonathan
6 May 2010
Kagame, Paul Paul Kagame
24 March 2000
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Abdelaziz, Mohamed Mohamed Abdelaziz
22 February 1982
São Tomé and Príncipe
Pinto da Costa, Manuel Manuel Pinto da Costa
3 September 2011
Sall, Macky Macky Sall
2 April 2012
Michel, James James Michel
16 April 2004
Ernest Bai Koroma
17 September 2007
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
6 September 2012
Zuma, Jacob Jacob Zuma
9 May 2009
Kiir Mayardit, Salva Salva Kiir Mayardit
9 July 2011
16 October 1993
25 April 1986
Kikwete, Jakaya Jakaya Kikwete
21 December 2005
Gnassingbé, Faure Faure Gnassingbé
4 May 2005
Beji Caid Essebsi
31 December 2014
Museveni, Yoweri Yoweri Museveni
26 January 1986
Scott, Guy Guy Scott
29 October 2014
Mugabe, Robert Robert Mugabe
31 December 1987
Functions of the Assembly [ edit ]
50th anniversary African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25 May 2013
The Assembly has nine basic functions:
set policies of the Union.
decide on what action to take after consideration of reports and recommendations from the other organs of the Union.
consider membership requests into the Union.
create bodies for the Union.
monitor the implementation of policies and decisions of the Union as well ensure compliance by all Member States.
create a budget of the Union.
provide direction to the Executive Council on conflicts, war and other emergency situations and the restoration of peace.
select judges for and withdraw judges of the Court of Justice.
appoint the Chairman of the Commission, Commissioners of the Commission, all respective deputies and determine how long they will serve and what duties they will perform.
Decisions of the Assembly [ edit ]
The Assembly shall take its decisions by consensus or, failing which, by a two-thirds majority of the Member States of the Union. However, procedural matters, including the question of whether a matter is one of procedure or not, shall be decided by a simple majority.
Two-thirds of the total membership of the Union shall form a quorum at any meeting of the Assembly.
The Assembly may delegate any of its powers and functions to any organ of the Union
See Also [ edit ]
European Council, the European alternative.
External links [ edit ]