Assembly of the African Union

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the African Union

The Assembly of the African Union, which is formally known as the African Union Assembly of Heads of State and Government AU-AHSG, is one of several decision-making bodies within the African Union. The other bodies are the Pan-African Parliament, the Executive Council consisting of foreign ministers of the AU members states, and the African Union Commission. The Chair of the Assembly has few formal functions, the most important of which is to preside at the Pan-African Parliament during the election and swearing in of the President of the Pan-African Parliament.

History of the Assembly[edit]

The Assembly came into existence on 25 May 1963, as part of the ratification of Organization of African Unity (OAU). Initially the Assembly consisted of 32 independent members, the heads of state of the African states that had achieved independence by 1963. Until 2001, the governing constitution of the Assembly was the OAU Charter. The Assembly is now subject to the Union Act that created the African Union.

Members of the Assembly[edit]

The AU Assembly of the Heads of State and Government consists of the 54 heads of state and government of the member countries, the Assembly meets once a year at the AU Summit. The current Chairman of the Assembly is President Yayi Boni of Benin.

The current members of the AU-AHSG are:

Member State Representative Title Member since Photo
 Algeria Bouteflika, AbdelazizAbdelaziz Bouteflika President 27 April 1999 Bouteflika (Algiers, Feb 2006).jpeg
 Angola José Eduardo dos Santos President 10 September 1979 José Eduardo dos Santos 3.jpg
 Benin Boni, Thomas YayiThomas Yayi Boni President 6 April 2006 Yayi Boni.jpg
 Botswana Khama, IanIan Khama President 1 April 2008 Pres. Ian Khama of Botswana, cropped.jpg
 Burkina Faso Compaoré, BlaiseBlaise Compaoré President 15 August 1987 Blaise Compaoré.jpeg
 Burundi Nkurunziza, PierrePierre Nkurunziza President 26 August 2005 Pierre Nkurunziza - World Economic Forum on Africa 2008.jpg
 Cameroon Biya, PaulPaul Biya President 6 November 1982 Paul Biya with Obamas cropped.jpg
 Cape Verde Neves, José MariaJosé Maria Neves Prime Minister 1 February 2001 Jm neves.jpg
 Central African Republic Suspended member
 Chad Déby, IdrissIdriss Déby President 2 August 1990 Idriss Deby Itno IMG 3651.jpg
 Comoros Ikililou Dhoinine President 26 May 2011 Ikililou Dhoinine.jpg
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Kabila, JosephJoseph Kabila President 26 January 2001 Joseph kabila.jpg
 Republic of the Congo Denis Sassou Nguesso President 25 August 1997 Sassou-Nguesso.jpg
 Côte d'Ivoire Alassane Ouattara President 4 December 2010 Alassane Ouattara UNESCO 09-2011.jpg
 Djibouti Ismail Omar Guelleh President 8 May 1999 Ismail Omar Guelleh 2010.jpg
 Egypt Abdel Fattah el-Sisi President 8 June 2014 Abdel Fatah Saeed Al Sisy 2013 (cropped).jpg
 Equatorial Guinea Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, TeodoroTeodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo President 3 August 1979 Teodoro Obiang detail, 1650FRP051.jpg
 Eritrea Afewerki, IsaiasIsaias Afewerki President 24 May 1993 Isaias Afwerki in 2002.jpg
 Ethiopia Desalegne, Haile MariamHaile Mariam Desalegne Prime Minister 20 August 2012 Hailemariam Desalegn - Closing Plenary- Africa's Next Chapter - World Economic Forum on Africa 2011.jpg
 Gabon Ali Bongo Ondimba President 19 October 2009 Ali Bongo Ondimba.jpg
 The Gambia Jammeh, YahyaYahya Jammeh President 22 July 1994 Gambia President Yahya Jammeh.jpg
 Ghana Mahama, John DramaniJohn Dramani Mahama President 24 July 2012 John Dramani Mahama UNDP 2010.jpg
 Guinea Condé, AlphaAlpha Condé President 21 December 2010 Alpha Conde - World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012.jpg
 Guinea-Bissau Mário Vaz, JoséJosé Mário Vaz President 23 June 2014
 Kenya Kibaki, MwaiMwai Kibaki President 30 December 2002 Mwai Kibaki at 8th EAC summit, November 2006.jpg
 Lesotho Thabane, TomTom Thabane Prime Minister 8 June 2012 Tom Thabane cropped.jpg
 Liberia Johnson Sirleaf, EllenEllen Johnson Sirleaf President 16 January 2006 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, April 2010.jpg
 Libya al-Thani, AbdullahAbdullah al-Thani Prime Minister 11 March 2014
 Madagascar Rajaonarimampianina, HeryHery Rajaonarimampianina President 25 January 2014
 Malawi Mutharika, PeterPeter Mutharika President 31 May 2014 Peter Mutharika 2011 (cropped).jpg
 Mali Keïta, Ibrahim BoubacarIbrahim Boubacar Keïta President 4 September 2013 Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta par Claude Truong-Ngoc décembre 2013 (cropped).jpg
 Mauritania Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz President 5 August 2009 Mauritania-aziz-in-his-home-city-Akjoujt-15mar09 1.jpg
 Mauritius Ramgoolam, NavinNavin Ramgoolam Prime Minister 5 July 2005 Navin Ramgoolam Portrait 2014.jpg
 Mozambique Guebuza, ArmandoArmando Guebuza President 2 February 2005 Guebuza2006.jpg
 Namibia Pohamba, HifikepunyeHifikepunye Pohamba President 21 March 2005 Hifikepunye Pohamba.jpg
 Niger Issoufou, MahamadouMahamadou Issoufou President 7 April 2011 Mahamadou Issoufou-IMG 3645.jpg
 Nigeria Jonathan, GoodluckGoodluck Jonathan President 6 May 2010 Goodluck Jonathan World Economic Forum 2013.jpg
 Rwanda Kagame, PaulPaul Kagame President 24 March 2000 Paul Kagame New York 2010.jpg
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Abdelaziz, MohamedMohamed Abdelaziz President 22 February 1982 Mohamed Abdelaziz, 2005.jpg
 São Tomé and Príncipe Pinto da Costa, ManuelManuel Pinto da Costa President 3 September 2011 Manuel Pinto da Costa.jpg
 Senegal Sall, MackyMacky Sall President 2 April 2012 Macky Sall .jpg
 Seychelles Michel, JamesJames Michel President 16 April 2004 James Michel.jpg
 Sierra Leone Ernest Bai Koroma President 17 September 2007 Ernest Bai Koroma.jpg
 Somalia Hassan Sheikh Mohamud President 6 September 2012 H.E. Mr Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia (cropped).jpg
 South Africa Zuma, JacobJacob Zuma President 9 May 2009 Jacob Zuma 2010 (cropped).jpg
 South Sudan Kiir Mayardit, SalvaSalva Kiir Mayardit President 9 July 2011 Salva Kiir Mayardit.jpg
 Sudan Omar al-Bashir President 16 October 1993 Omar al-Bashir, 12th AU Summit, 090202-N-0506A-137.jpg
 Swaziland Mswati III King 25 April 1986 King of Swaziland.jpg
 Tanzania Kikwete, JakayaJakaya Kikwete President 21 December 2005 Jakaya Kikwete with Obamas cropped.jpg
 Togo Gnassingbé, FaureFaure Gnassingbé President 4 May 2005 Faure Gnassingbé 29112006.jpg
 Tunisia Moncef Marzouki President 12 December 2011 Moncef Marzouki2.jpg
 Uganda Museveni, YoweriYoweri Museveni President 26 January 1986 Yoweri Kaguta Museveni.jpg
 Zambia Sata, MichaelMichael Sata President 23 September 2011
 Zimbabwe Mugabe, RobertRobert Mugabe President 31 December 1987 Robert Mugabe.jpg

Functions of the Assembly[edit]

50th anniversary African Union Summit in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25 May 2013

The Assembly has nine basic functions:

  1. set policies of the Union.
  2. decide on what action to take after consideration of reports and recommendations from the other organs of the Union.
  3. consider membership requests into the Union.
  4. create bodies for the Union.
  5. monitor the implementation of policies and decisions of the Union as well ensure compliance by all Member States.
  6. create a budget of the Union.
  7. provide direction to the Executive Council on conflicts, war and other emergency situations and the restoration of peace.
  8. select judges for and withdraw judges of the Court of Justice.
  9. appoint the Chairman of the Commission, Commissioners of the Commission, all respective deputies and determine how long they will serve and what duties they will perform.

Decisions of the Assembly[edit]

The Assembly shall take its decisions by consensus or, failing which, by a two-thirds majority of the Member States of the Union. However, procedural matters, including the question of whether a matter is one of procedure or not, shall be decided by a simple majority.

Two-thirds of the total membership of the Union shall form a quorum at any meeting of the Assembly.

The Assembly may delegate any of its powers and functions to any organ of the Union

See Also[edit]

European Council, the European alternative.

External links[edit]