Assistant at the Pontifical Throne
Assistant at the Pontifical Throne is an ecclesiastical title in the Roman Catholic Church. It signifies a prelate belonging to the papal chapel, who stands near the throne of the Pope at solemn functions.
All patriarchs and some bishops, specially appointed by the Pope, are made Assistants to the Pontifical Throne. They rank immediately below the College of Cardinals, and are also Counts of the Apostolic Palace.