Association of American Physicians
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The Association of American Physicians (AAP) is a politically liberal medical society founded in 1885 by the Canadian physician Sir William Osler and six other distinguished physicians of his era, for "the advancement of scientific and practical medicine." Election to the AAP is an honor extended to individuals with outstanding credentials in biomedical science and/or translational biomedical research, and is limited to 60 persons per year. The AAP includes about 1000 active members and 550 emeritus and honorary members. The great majority are US citizens. However, other countries are also represented. The AAP holds a joint meeting each year with the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI), another honorary medical society with closely related goals. AAP was the parent organization that gave birth to ASCI in 1908, with the latter organization intended as a more inclusive body, accessible to younger members of the medical research community. Membership in ASCI is also an honor conferred by election, and often precedes membership in AAP.
The overarching goals of the AAP include the promotion of professional and social interaction among biomedical scientists, the dissemination of important information related to biomedical science and teaching, the recognition of outstanding scientists through membership, and the establishment of role models to kindle new generations of high achievers in medicine and medical science.
The range of topics studied by members of the AAP is as broad as medicine itself, ranging from fundamental biological questions to translational research (development and testing of new treatments) to public policy issues. The Transactions of the Association of American Physicians, published until 1995, recorded the presentations of members at the annual meeting. In that year, the Transactions was replaced by a bimonthly publication (Proceedings of the Association of American Physicians). The Proceedings is no longer published.
The AAP honors selected scientists with the George M. Kober medal, for outstanding contributions to medicine or medical science.
The AAP held its first meeting in 1886. Some of the most important advances in biomedical science were first reported at annual AAP meetings. These included the discovery of insulin by Banting and Macleod in 1922, and discovery, by Minot and Murphy in 1926, that pernicious anemia could be treated by feeding patients extracts of raw liver.
Members of the AAP have included Nobel laureates, and members of the United States National Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Medicine. Living members of the AAP who have also been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine include Barry Marshall, Stanley Prusiner, Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein, E. Donnall Thomas, and others.