Association of Philippine Orthodontists
The Association of Philippine Orthodontists (APO) is a specialty organization founded in 1980 to promote and encourage a high standard of excellence in orthodontic treatment and education in the Philippines. It is recognized internationally as an affiliated society of the World Federation of Orthodontists (WFO) and a charter member of the Asian Pacific Orthodontic Society (APOS).
The idea of a formal umbrella organization was first discussed by the Orthodontic Teachers Organization (ORTO), an organization that included faculty members from the different dentistry colleges that strove to upgrade the national undergraduate education curriculum and develop the country's orthodontic faculties.
APO members were involved in the faculty of Orthodontics that opened in 1989 in the Graduate School of the University of the Philippines. The association subsequently contributed to the Filipino orthodontic tertiary system by placing graduate faculty members at the University of Baguio and the Manila Central University.
History of the APO
APO's formation can be traced to the 1970s, during an era when there were only eight formally-trained orthodontic practitioners in the Metro Manila, Philippines. Dr. Vicente R. Siojo, from the University of Adelaide, Raymond Begg, a student and Dr. Luz C. Macapanpan, a University of Illinois graduate together saw the need to gather all the orthodontists to address common concerns. On February 1, 1971, Dr. Vicente R. Siojo, Dr. Luz C. Macapanpan, Dr. Hypatia V. Bernardo; Dr. Juan E. Quejada; Dr. Juanito R. Castañeda; Dr. Ermelinda S. Galang; Dr. Gloria E. Punzalan and Dr. Eugenio Villanueva. met at Fort Bonifacio to formally set up the Philippine Orthodontic Study Club (POSC).
The establishment of the Orthodontic Study Club turned out to be an important first step in the emergence and continued development of the field of orthodontics in the country. Its members met monthly to exchange ideas, discuss and consult cases, standardize fees and consider other matters relevant to orthodontic practice. The increase in the number of general dental practitioners performing corrective orthodontics was brought forward and studied.
On March 14, 1979, at the Marco Polo Restaurant, Makati, Metro Manila, the Philippine Orthodontic Study Club held its last regular meeting and convened the first organizational meeting of the Association of Philippine Orthodontists (APO). The members present during this historic meeting were: Dr. Macapanpan, Dr. Hypatia V. Bernardo, Dr. Juan E. Quejada, Dr. Juanito R. Castañeda, Dr. Ermelinda S. Galang, Dr. Gloria E. Punzalan, Dr. Patricia Claparols and Dr. Renato T. Africa. Dr. Luz C. Macapanpan was elected as the organization's first President, and Dr. Juan E. Quejada, was elected as Secretary.
A resolution was then adopted:
We, the members of the Philippine Orthodontic Study Club, ever aware of our responsibility to the public and the profession, and the need to safeguard the interests of the specialty of orthodontics; to enhance the standard of the specialty, and to promote its advancement decided unanimously to formally organize ourselves into the Association of Philippine Orthodontists.
An arm of the Association was formed as the Philippine Board of Orthodontics, which would serve to accredit orthodontic specialists. Its duties were to ensure some measure of self-imposed control, that the dignity and prestige of orthodontics be upheld and that the well-being of the dental patient be safeguarded.
On September 30, 1980, the Association of Philippine Orthodontists (APO) and the Philippine Board of Orthodontics (PBO), were formally inaugurated at ceremonies held at the Manila Hotel. The Charter officers and members were inducted by Chief Justice Cecilia Muñoz Palma. These were the first-accredited dentistry specialty organizations in the Philippines.
Charter officers and members
- Chairman: Dr. Luz C. Macapanpan
- Vice-Chairman: Dr. Hypatia V. Bernardo
- Secretary: Dr. Juan E. Quejada
- Treasurer: Dr. Renato T. Africa
- Directors: Dr. Juanito R. Castañeda, Dr. Ermelinda Sabater-Galang, Dr. Gloria Enrile-Punzalan
- Dr. Angelica Cabral
- Dr. Ester Banting
- Dr. Patricia Claparols
- Dr. Virginia E. Penaloza
- Dr. Crisanta Camara-Santayana
From this initial core group, the Association of Philippine Orthodontists has grown to include close to 160 responsible and dynamic orthodontic practitioners who are classified as Fellows, Active, Affiliate, Associate and International Members. Many of the orthodontic lecturers for the Philippine Dental Association (PDA) Annual and Regional Meetings are drawn from the APO roster.
Following the APO's 7th Biennial National Orthodontic Congress, held in Makati on August 2 and 3, 2010, Roberto B. Tan began in the role of APO President 2010–2011.
Past APO Chairmen
- Dr. Luz C. Macapanpan, 1980–1982
- Dr. Hypatia V. Bernardo, 1982–1984
- Dr. Ermelinda Sabater-Galang, 1984–1986
- Dr. Juanito R. Castebeda, 1986–1988
- Dr. Renato T. Africa, 1988–1990
- Dr. Gloria Enrile-Punzalan, 1990–1992
- Dr. Marylyn Alcantara-Leung, 1992–1994
- Dr. Ester N. Banting, 1994–1996
- Dr. Robert I. Eustaquio, 1996–1998
- Dr. Cynthia Protacio-Quismundo, 1998–2000
- Dr. Ma. Jocelyn G.L. Tan, 2000–2001
- Dr. Mildred Ponio, 2001–2002
- Dr. Crisanta Camara-Santayana, 2002–2004
- Dr. Sandra Syliangco-Adriano, 2004–2006
- Dr. Katherine Ong, 2006–2008
- Dr. Jose Rivera, 2008–2010
- Dr. Roberto Tan, 2010-2012
- June 1, 1981: The 1st certifying examinations of the Philippine Board of Orthodontists was given.
- July 29, 1989: The Philippine Board of Orthodontics (PBO) was recognized by the Board of Dentistry as the certification of orthodontic specialists agency in the Philippines.
- May 1995: the Association of Philippine Orthodontists participated as a founding member at the inauguration of the World Federation of Orthodontists in San Francisco.
- August 24–26, 1998: The APO sponsored its first multi-day National Orthodontic Congress, which was held at the Westin Philippine Plaza. Well-attended multi-day orthodontic congresses have been held biannually since then with well-known international and local orthodontic speakers.
- August 1999: Sponsored APO’s 1st Regional Orthodontic Congress in Cebu, which was followed by congresses in Baguio, Tagaytay and most recently, Cebu once again.
- November 16, 2005: In an annual certification, the PBO was awarded Certificate of Accreditation No. 01-0817-2005 by the Board of Dentistry.
Aside from publishing its organization newsletter the APO ArchWires, which became the APO OrthoChronicle in August 2000, the APO published its maiden issue of the Philippine Journal of Orthodontics (PJO), an annual scientific journal featuring case presentations as presented to the Philippine Board of Orthodontics and research papers from the various university postgraduate orthodontic programs.
Orthodontic history in the Philippines
Notable orthodontic pioneers have included:
- Francisco Ponce, a 1908 University of Illinois graduate.
- Jose Lerma, a 1920 Stanford University graduate who taught “orthodontia” at local schools.
- Dr Foulk, a German refugee who arrived in the Philippines in 1938 during Adolf Hitler’s regime.
- Conception D. Gutierrez, a female medical practitioner who studied orthodontics with Foulk.
- Nieva Basa Eraña-Velázquez, who was the first female Filipino dentist, had studied orthodontics for two years at the University of Maryland, College Park.
- Sandra Syliangco Adriano, DMD, MS; Marianne Perez Hernandez, DMD, MS (6 September 2010). "APO's 7th Biennial Orthodontic Congress: A Resounding Success". apo.com.ph. Association of the Philippine Orthodontists. Retrieved 8 April 2012.