Community of Serb municipalities, Kosovo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Community of Serbian municipalities
Заједница српских општина
Zajednica srpskih opština
Shoqata e komunave Serbe
Location of the Association of Serb municipalities within Kosovo.
Location of the Association of Serb municipalities within Kosovo.
Capital North Kosovska Mitrovica
Official languages Serbian
Government
 -  President TBD
 -  Vice-President TBD
Currency Euro
Serbian dinar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

The Community of Serbian municipalities[1] (Serbian: Заједница српских општина / Zajednica Srpskih Opština; Albanian: Shoqata e komunave Serbe) is expected to be an association of municipalities with Serb majority in Kosovo.[a] Its formation is predicted by the Brussels Agreement between Belgrade and Priština.[2] This agreement represents an important step in process of accession of Serbia to the European Union.[3] By this agreement, it was also agreed that Serbia will not block accession of Kosovo to the European Union and vice versa.[2] This agreement was also praised by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon who said that it guarantees broad powers to municipalities with Serb majority in Kosovo.[4] The Community includes these municipalities: North Kosovska Mitrovica, Zubin Potok, Leposavić, Zvečan, Štrpce, Klokot-Vrbovac, Gračanica, Novo Brdo, Ranilug, Parteš, and possibly Dragaš. In one interview for Radio Television of Kosovo, Prime Minister of Kosovo Hashim Thaçi said that the establishment of an Association of Serb municipalities is in essence acceptable by the Constitution of Kosovo and Ahtisaari Plan, while the AAK party leader Ramush Haradinaj supported this by saying that the Constitution of Kosovo allows the association of municipalities, but without holding legislative, judicial or executive power. [5]

History[edit]

The Community was initially formed as the Association of Serb Municipalities and Settlements of Kosovo and Metohija (Zajednica srpskih opština i naselja Kosova i Metohije) in February 2003 in Kosovska Mitrovica, as an association of Serb majority municipalities in Kosovo and was considered illegitimate by the Albanian authorities of Kosovo, as it exercised legislative and executive authority over its territory, mostly in North Kosovo, through its Assembly. After the Brussels Agreement it was reformed as the Community of Serbian municipalities and its Assembly holds no legislative authority any more, having only a "full overview power in the areas of economic development, education, health, urban and rural planning" in accordance with the European Charter of Local Self-Government and Kosovo law.

Criticisms[edit]

Republic of Kosovo Symbols used in the 2013 local elections

Criticisms in the Albanian community[edit]

The Brussels agreement between Belgrade and Priština was criticized by representatives of Albanians in south Serbia as they believe that the Brussels agreement gives Serbs in Kosovo autonomy, and thus warrants a similar level of autonomy for the three Serbian municipalities, in Serbia proper, which have an Albanian majority. [6][7] The radical Albanian nationalist party Vetëvendosje! has also staged violent protests against the agreement, as they believe that an autonomous Serb region within Kosovo would cripple the country's sovereignty and cement ethnic partition.[8]

Criticisms in the Serbian community[edit]

The Brussels agreement has been criticized by the Democratic Party of Serbia which argued that it makes no mention of Serbia or its Constitution and laws, or UN Security Council Resolution 1244, while it does mention the Kosovo Constitution and laws, and therefore demanded a referendum on it.[9] The Serbian Orthodox Church has called the agreement "a complete withdrawal of Serbia's institutions from the territory of its southern province and setting up limited autonomy of the Serb community in the area to the north of the Ibar bridge in Kosovska Mitrovica within Hashim Thaçi's establishment".[10] Serbs in Northern Kosovo have also rallied against the agreement, and in support of the Assembly's continued rule in the Serb-majority municipalities.[11]

Municipalities[edit]

There are ten municipalities in Kosovo with an ethnic Serb majority. Association would include these municipalities: North Kosovska Mitrovica, Zubin Potok, Leposavić, Zvečan, Štrpce, Klokot-Vrbovac, Gračanica, Novo Brdo, Ranilug and Parteš. Community has a total population of approximately 140,000 people.

See also[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References[edit]

  1. ^ . inserbia.info. 2013-11-20 http://inserbia.info/today/2013/11/community-of-serb-municipalities-in-kosovo-to-be-formed/. Retrieved 2014-03-30.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ a b "Šta se navodi u sporazumu?". B92. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "ODLUKA IZ BRISELA". Heinrich Böll Foundation. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  4. ^ "Danas sjednica Vijeća sigurnosti o Kosovu". Al Jazeera Balkans. 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  5. ^ "Thaçi: Në Kosovë, Shoqata e komunave serbe" (in Albanian). top-channel.tv. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Albanci iz Doline" (in Serbian). Peščanik. 8 June 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/south-serbia-albanians-request-community-of-municipalities
  8. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/06/27/us-kosovo-protests-idUSBRE95Q0P420130627
  9. ^ "DSS demands referendum and resignations". B92. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Church criticizes Brussels agreement". B92. 22 April 2-13. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "Serbs in north say no to Kosovo agreement". B92. 22 April 2-13. Retrieved 10 December 2013.