Assyrian conquest of Aram
The Assyrian conquest of Aram (c. 856-732 BC) required many campaigns throughout more than a century to conquer the kingdom of Aram-Damascus, in modern Syria. In the end, King Tiglath-Pileser III managed to permanently secure Aram for the Assyrian Empire.
The Assyrian invasion began with the conquest of Bit Adini (856 BC). When the Assyrians advanced deep into Syria, a large coalition gathered to oppose them and fought the Battle of Qarqar (853 BC). The war continued until 838 BC, when the Assyrians finally gave up on conquering Syria for the moment. In c. 744 BC, the Assyrians returned under Tiglath-Pileser III. They conquered parts of Syria and made the rest their vassals. However, in 734 BC, Tiglath-Pileser returned to suppress a rebellion. In 732 BC, the Assyrians took and sacked Damascus, ending the kingdom of Aram.
- Georges Roux - Ancient Iraq, p 297
- Roux p 298
- Roux p 309