Assyrian calendar

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For the ancient calendar, see Old Assyrian calendar.

The Assyrian calendar is a lunar-based calendar that begins in the year 4750 BC, inspired by an estimate of the date of the first temple at Assur,[1][2] notably based on a series of articles published in the Assyrian magazine Gilgamesh, edited by the brothers Addi Alkhas and Jean Alkhas and Nimrod Simono.[citation needed] The year begins with the first sight of Spring. The Assyrian new year is still celebrated every year with festivals and gatherings. As of 2014 CE, it is the Assyrian year of 6764,[3] and this calendar is official among ethnic Assyrians in Iraq, Syria, Israel, Armenia, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and Iran.

Months[edit]

Assyrian calendar[4]
Season Month Transliteration Info Blessed by Days Gregorian calendar
Spring ܢܝܣܢ Nisan-Nison Month of Happiness Enlil 31 March/April
ܐܝܪ Yaar-Iyar Month of Love Khaya 31 April/May
ܚܙܝܪܢ Khzeeran-Hzirin Month of Building Sin 31 May/June
Summer ܬܡܘܙ Tammuz-Tamuz Month of Harvesting Tammuz 31 June/July
ܐܒ/ܛܒܚ Tdabbakh (Ab)-Tibbax (Ob) Month of Ripening of Fruits Shamash 31 July/August
ܐܝܠܘܠ Elool-Ilul Month of Sprinkling of Seeds Ishtar 30 August/September
Autumn ܬܫܪܝܢ ܐ Tishrin I Month of Giving Anu 30 September/October
ܬܫܪܝܢ ܒ Tishrin II Month of Awakening of Buried Seeds Marduk 30 October/November
ܟܢܘܢ ܐ Kanoon I (Chisleu) Month of Conceiving Nergal 30 November/December
Winter ܟܢܘܢ ܒ Kanoon II (Tebet) Month of Resting Nasho 30 December/January
ܫܒܛ Shwat (Sebat)-Ishwit Month of Flooding Raman 30 January/February
ܐܕܪ Adaar - Odar Month of Evil Spirits Rokhaty 29 February/March

The intercalary month, added when the new moon following Adaar predates vernal equinox, is called Ve-Adad.

See also[edit]

References[edit]