Astelia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Astelia
Astelia hemichrysa-DenisBarthelEdit.JPG
Astelia hemichrysa in Réunion
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asteliaceae
Genus: Astelia
Banks & Sol. ex R.Br.
Synonyms[1]
Astelia spp. growing on Agathis australis in Trounson Kauri Park, North Island, New Zealand

Astelia is a genus of rhizomatous tufted perennials in the family Asteliaceae which are native to various island in the Pacific, Indian, and South Atlantic Oceans, as well at to Australia and to the southernmost tip of South America. A significant number of the known species are endemic to New Zealand.[1][2] The species generally grow in forests, swamps and amongst low alpine vegetation; occasionally they are epiphytic.[3]

Species[1]
  1. Astelia alpina R.Br. - Pineapple Grass, Silver Astelia, native to eastern Australia[4]
  2. Astelia argyrocoma A.Heller ex Skottsb. - native to Kauai Island in Hawaii
  3. Astelia australiana (J.H.Willis) L.B.Moore - Tall Astelia, native to the State of Victoria in Australia[4]
  4. Astelia banksii A.Cunn. - Native to North Island of New Zealand[5]
  5. Astelia chathamica (Skottsb.) L.B.Moore - Silver Spear, native to Chatham Islands of New Zealand[5]
  6. Astelia fragrans Col. - Bush Flax, Bush Lily, Kakaha, native to North and South Islands of New Zealand[5]
  7. Astelia graminea L.B.Moore- native to South Island of New Zealand[5]
  8. Astelia grandis Hook.f. ex Kirk- native to North and South Islands of New Zealand[5]
  9. Astelia hemichrysa (Lam.) Kunth - native to Réunion + Mauritius
  10. Astelia linearis Hook.f.- native to North and South Islands of New Zealand[5]
  11. Astelia menziesiana Sm. in A.Rees - native to Hawaii
  12. Astelia nadeaudii Drake - native to Tahiti + Raiatea in French Polynesia
  13. Astelia neocaledonica Schltr. - endemic to New Caledonia.[6]
  14. Astelia nervosa Banks & Sol. ex Hook.f.- Mountain Astelia, native to North and South Islands of New Zealand[5]
  15. Astelia nivicola Ckn. ex Cheesem. - native to South Island of New Zealand[5]
  16. Astelia papuana Skottsb.- native to New Guinea[7]
  17. Astelia petriei Ckn. - native to South Island of New Zealand[5]
  18. Astelia psychrocharis F.Muell. - Kosciusko Pineapple Grass, native to Mt. Kosciusko in Australia[4]
  19. Astelia pumila (J.R.Forst.) Gaudich. - native to Falkland Islands, Tierra del Fuego and neighboring regions in extreme southern Chile + Argentina
  20. Astelia raiateensis J.W.Moore - see Astelia nadeaudii
  21. Astelia rapensis Skottsb. - native to Rapa-Iti Island in French Polynesia
  22. Astelia skottsbergii L.B.Moore - native to South Island of New Zealand[5]
  23. Astelia solandri A.Cunn. - native to North and South Islands of New Zealand[5]
  24. Astelia subulata (Hook.f.) Cheesem. - native to South Island + Antipodean Islands of New Zealand[5]
  25. Astelia tovii F.Br. - Marquesas in French Polynesia
  26. Astelia trinervia Kirk - native to North Island New Zealand[5]
  27. Astelia waialealae Wawra - native to Kauai Island in Hawaii

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c WCSP (2011), World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, archived from the original on 19 May 2011, retrieved 2011-05-24 , search for "Astelia"
  2. ^ "Genus Astelia". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  3. ^ Dawson John; Rob Lucas (2005). The nature of plants: habitats, challenges, and adaptations. Timber Press. ISBN 0-88192-675-2. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  4. ^ a b c "Astelia". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "ASTELIA Banks et Sol. ex R. Br. , 1810". Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  6. ^ "Genre Astelia". Endémía - Faune & Flore de Nouvelle-Calédonie. Retrieved 2009-05-04. 
  7. ^ Conn, Barry J. "Census of Vascular Plants of Papua New Guinea". Plants of Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea National Herbarium and the National Herbarium of New South Wales. Retrieved 2009-05-04.