|Also called||Scion iQ
Aston Martin Cygnet
|Assembly||Japan: Toyota, Aichi (Takaoka plant)|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Related||Aston Martin Cygnet|
|Engine||1.0 L I3
1.3 L petrol I4
1.4 L diesel I4
|Wheelbase||2,000 mm (78.7 in)|
|Length||Toyota iQ: 2,985 mm (117.5 in)
Scion iQ: 3,051 mm (120.1 in)
|Width||1,680 mm (66.1 in)|
|Height||1,500 mm (59.1 in)|
|Curb weight||860 kg (1,896 lb)|
The Toyota iQ is a transverse-engine, front-wheel-drive city car manufactured by Toyota in a single generation since 2008 — and marketed since 2011 in the US and since 2012 in Canada as the Scion iQ.
Designed at the Toyota European Design and Development (Toyota ED2) studio in Nice, France, the iQ is noted for its short overall length and specialized engineering to maximize passenger space. To accommodate three passengers — and a fourth passenger, under very tight conditions — the iQ features a transmissions differential housing located ahead of, rather than behind, the engine; a starter motor incorporated in the engine's flywheel, a high-mounted steering rack and a compact, high-located air conditioning unit behind the dashboard central area. The arrangement allows the front passenger to sit forward of the driver, giving increased rear passenger legroom. A shallow under-floor fuel tank reduces rear overhang.
Following a concept vehicle presented at the 2007 Frankfurt Auto Show, the production iQ debuted at the March 2008 Geneva Auto Show. Japanese sales began in October 2008 and European sales in January 2009. Deliveries of an all-electric version with a range of 80 km (50 mi) began in the U.S. in March 2013. Production of the Scion iQ EV (Toyota eQ in Japan) will be limited to 100 units for special fleet use in Japan and carsharing demonstration projects in the U.S.
The name iQ, an initialism of the term intelligence quotient, recalls a competitor, the Smart Fortwo. According to Toyota, the i stands for "individuality" "innovation" and "intelligence", while the Q stands for "quality" and points to the iQ's "cubic" shape.
The iQ was selected as the Japanese Car of the Year for 2008.
- 1 Design
- 2 KGJ10/NGJ10 (2008–present)
- 3 Concept cars
- 4 Scion iQ EV
- 5 Aston Martin Cygnet
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The design emphasizes low fuel consumption, maneuverability, environmental friendliness, and maximized interior space. Six specific design factors contribute to IQ's minimal overhangs, forward windscreen location, maximized cabin space and overall compactness. These include:
- A newly developed differential mounted further forward than usual
- A centre take-off steering gear
- A flat fuel tank positioned underneath the cabin floor
- Rear-angled shock absorbers to encroach less on rear passenger space
- A smaller heater/air conditioning unit mounted centrally behind the asymmetric dashboard
- A slimmer seat design.
The two seat version was only sold in Japan.
|Model||Type||Power @ rpm||torque||CO2 emission (g/km)|
|1.0||998 cc (60.9 cu in) I3 (1KR-FE)||68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) @ 6000||98 N·m (72 lbf·ft) @ 4800||99 manual, 110 CVT|
|1.0 (Japan)||996 cc (60.8 cu in) I3 (1KR-FE)||68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) @ 6000||98 N·m (72 lbf·ft) @ 4800||CVT: 101 in 10・15 mode, 112 in JC08 mode|
|1.33||1,329 cc (81.1 cu in) I4 (1NR-FE)||98 PS (72 kW; 97 hp) @ 6000||123 N·m (91 lbf·ft) @ 4400||113 manual, 120 CVT|
|1.3 (Japan)||1,329 cc (81.1 cu in) I4 (1NR-FE)||94 PS (69 kW; 93 hp) @ 6000||118 N·m (87 lbf·ft) @ 4400||CVT: 101 in 10・15 mode, 112 in JC08 mode|
|1.4D||1,364 cc (83.2 cu in) I4||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 3400||190 N·m (140 lbf·ft) @ 1800-3200||104 manual|
UK models include only petrol engines.
Models with the 1.33L engine include start and stop system, however, only with the manual transmission.
|1.0||5-speed manual, CVT (Super CVT‐i)|
|1.33||6-speed manual, CVT (Super CVT‐i)|
Japan models include only CVT transmission.
|1.0 VVT-i||1.33 Dual-VVT-i||1.4 D-4D|
|Production||Nov 2008 -||May 2009 -||Nov 2008 - Apr 2012|
|Standard trim level||iQ||iQ3||iQ|
|Displacement||998 cm³||1329 cm³||1364 cm³|
|max. Power||68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) @ 6000||98 PS (72 kW; 97 hp) @ 6000||90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) @ 3400|
|max. Torque||98 N·m (72 lbf·ft) @ 4800||123 N·m (91 lbf·ft) @ 4400||190 N·m (140 lbf·ft) @ 1800-3200|
|Gearbox, standard||5-speed manual||6-speed manual|
|Gearbox, optional||CVT transmission|
|Wheels / tires||175 / 65 / R15 J5||175 / 60 / R16 J5||175 / 65 / R15 J5|
0 – 100 km/h in s
|14.7 [15.5]||11.8 [11.6]||10.7|
|Fuel consumption urban,
l / 100 km
|4.9 [5.7]||5.9 [6.3]||4.8|
|Fuel consumption extra-urban,
l / 100 km
|3.9 [4.1]||4.2 [4.4]||3.5|
|Fuel consumption combined,
l / 100 km
|4.3 [4.7]||4.8 [5.1]||4.0|
|CO2 emission (g/km)||99 ||113 ||104|
|Curb weight (kg)||845 - 885 [860 - 895]||930 - 955||935 - 975|
|Gross weight (kg)||1200 - 1210||1270||1280 - 1285|
|Noise (drive-by) (EU directive 70/157/EEC),
|67.3 [70.2]||69.5 [68.6]||68.7|
|Euro NCAP test results|
|Toyota iQ 1.0, LHD (2009)|
The iQ includes nine airbags, dual frontal airbags, front seat-mounted side torso airbags, side curtain airbags, front passenger seat cushion airbag, a driver's knee airbag and a newly developed rear curtain airbag to protect backseat passengers' heads from rear end collisions. Vehicle Stability Control, traction control, anti-lock brakes, brake assist, and electronic brakeforce distribution come standard.
iQ Customize Car (2009–)
This is a family of Toyota iQ custom body kits in Japanese market.
MODELLISTA MAXI includes custom front bumper, side skirt, rear bumper. MODELLISTA MIXTURE includes custom B-pillar shadow, mirror cover, back window panel, side door trim. MODELLISTA MIXTURE side make set only includes custom mirror cover and side door trim.
Toyota iQ "GAZOO Racing tuned by MN" (130G, 2009–)
This is a limited (100 units) version for Japanese market. It included 1,329 cubic centimetres (1.329 L; 81.1 cu in) I4 engine, 6-speed manual transmission, stiffer sport suspension that lowers its ride height by 30 mm (1.2 in), rear disk brakes, RAYS 16x5.5-in aluminium wheels with 175/60R16 tires, enhanced brakes, stiffening brace, tachometer, aluminium pedals, rear spoiler, GRMN emblem, sport exhaust system.
The GAZOO Racing package adds a front bumper spoiler, side mudguards, rear bumper spoiler centre muffler, Toyota front fog lamps, original decal, front sport seat covers.
The vehicle was unveiled at the January 2009 Tokyo Auto Salon.
The GAZOO Racing cars were sold through Toyota's Netz dealer channel. It has MSRP of ¥1,972,000 (¥1,878,095+tax).
iQ for Sports/iQ Collection (2009)
These are show cars that demonstrate possibilities for customers to personalise their cars.
iQ for Sports reflects modern urban chic through a purpose-made body kit emphasizing the iQ's broad stance, powerful geometry and clean sweeping lines.
iQ Collection focuses on interior customisation.
The vehicles were unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show.
The Scion iQ Concept car was built by Five Axis (California, USA) based on the Toyota iQ and displayed in April 2009 at the New York Auto Show. It is based on the production Toyota iQ, has a four cylinder engine, 18" wheels and widened wheel arches, with eleven airbags.
The production Scion iQ was revealed at the 2010 New York Auto Show. It is now currently for sale throughout the United States.
GRMN iQ Racing Concept (2011)
The GRMN iQ Racing Concept was based on Toyota iQ "GAZOO Racing tuned by MN" car sold in 2009, but with a super charger and roll cage.
The vehicle was unveiled in 2011 Tokyo Auto Salon.
GRMN iQ Supercharger (2012)
It is a limited (100 units) version of Toyota iQ for Japanese market, based on the Toyota iQ 130G MT. It included the supercharger found in the GRMN iQ Racing Concept car.
The prototype vehicle was unveiled in 2012 Tokyo Auto Salon.
Scion iQ EV
A prototype of the Toyota iQ EV (Scion iQ EV in the US) was exhibited at the 2011 Geneva Motor Show. The Scion iQ EV is the successor to the FT-EV II as an electric vehicle based on the Toyota iQ chassis. Toyota produced three generations of FT-EV concept cars, and the iQ EV is a production version of those concepts, incorporating the technological and design strengths of all three models. The exterior of the production version is based on the FT-EV III concept shown at the 2011 Tokyo Motor Show.
The U.S. launch of the Scion iQ EV was announced for 2012, and according to Toyota, for the initial roll-out the iQ EV would not be available to individual consumers, instead the carmaker decided to focus on fleet customers and car sharing programs. The iQ EV was scheduled to be produced at Toyota’s Takaoka Plant in Toyota City beginning in August 2012 and the initial production was planned to be limited to 600 units, with 400 staying in Japan, 100 units destined to the U.S. and the other 100 for Europe. In September 2012 Toyota announced that due to customers' concerns about range and charging time, the production of the Scion iQ (Toyota eQ in Japan) will be limited to 100 units for special fleet use in Japan and the U.S. only, of which, 90 will be placed in American carsharing demonstration projects. The iQ EV will be priced in the Japanese market at ¥3.6 million (~US$45,000). The iQ EV/eQ was scheduled to be released in both countries in December 2012.
The first 30 units were delivered in the U.S. to the University of California, Irvine in March 2013 for use in its Zero Emission Vehicle-Network Enabled Transport (ZEV-NET) carsharing fleet. Since 2002 the ZEV-NET program has been serving the transport needs of the Irvine community with all-electric vehicles for the critical last mile of commutes from the Irvine train station to the UC campus and local business offices. In September 2013, another 30 units were allocated to City Carshare to operate Dash, a three-year pilot carsharing program in Hacienda Business Park, in Pleasanton, California.
Designed as a city commuting vehicle, the iQ EV has a lower battery capacity that also translates into a shorter charging time, allowing the car to be fully recharged in approximately three hours, and using fast charging, the battery can be recharged up to 80% capacity in only 15 minutes. The iQ EV has a 150 cell 12 kWh 277.5 V lithium-ion battery pack that delivers a NEDC-certified range of 85 km (53 mi), and rated 80 km (50 mi) in the U.S. Based on further development of Toyota's Hybrid Synergy Drive technology, the iQ EV's fully electric powertrain comprises an air-cooled, 47 kW electric motor/generator, the 12 kWh battery pack, a 3 kW water-cooled battery charger, an inverter, an DC/DC converter and a motor speed reduction mechanism. Maximum torque of 163 Nm is delivered to the front wheels, giving the iQ EV 0-100 km/h acceleration of 14.0 seconds and a maximum speed of 125 km/h (78 mph). As all Toyota's full hybrid vehicles, the iQ EV is equipped with a regenerative braking system.
The iQ EV has a minimum turning radius of just 4.1 m (13 ft) and with a length of 3,120 mm (123 in), making the iQ EV just 135 mm (5.3 in) longer than a standard iQ. The electric car shares the iQ overall width of 1,680 mm (66 in), height of 1,505 mm (59.3 in) and wheelbase of 2,000 mm (79 in). High tensile sheet steel has been extensively used in the body shell construction to minimize the additional weight caused by the lithium-ion battery pack, and as a result, the iQ EV weighs just 125 kg (276 lb) more than a standard 1.3L CVT iQ.
The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency rated the 2013 iQ EV with a combined fuel economy of 121 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPG-e) (1.9 L/100 km) with an energy consumption of 28 kW-hrs/100 miles. The city rating is 138 MPG-e (1.7 L/100 km) with an energy consumption of 24 kW-hrs/100 miles and 105 MPG-e (2.2 L/100 km) with an energy consumption of 32 kW-hrs/100 miles for highway driving. As of December 2014[update], these ratings allow the 2013 iQ EV to be the second most fuel efficient EPA-certified vehicle of all fuel types considered in all years behind the BMW i3. The iQ EV was ranked first in DOE-EPA's 2013 Annual Fuel Economy Guide.
Aston Martin Cygnet
|Aston Martin Cygnet|
|Assembly||Gaydon, Warwickshire, UK|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||1.3 L petrol I4|
|Transmission||6-speed manual, CVT|
|Wheelbase||2,000 mm (78.7 in)|
|Length||3,078 mm (121.2 in)|
|Width||1,680 mm (66.1 in)|
|Height||1,500 mm (59.1 in)|
The Aston Martin Cygnet is a 3-door hatchback marketed by Aston Martin beginning with model year 2011 as a rebadged variant of the Toyota iQ. The Cygnet enables Aston Martin to comply with the European Union–imposed fleet average emissions regulations taking effect in 2012.
The Cygnet was initially only sold in the UK. Production and sales commenced in January 2011 and the market coverage was expanded to cover other European countries the following year. Sales will not be restricted; however, it is expected that demand from existing Aston Martin owners for Cygnet would initially take priority. Aston CEO Ulrich Bez recently announced shipping expectations of about 4000 per year at a price of about £30,000 – about three times as much as the iQ. Bez claims that the Cygnet demonstrates the company's "commitment to innovation and integrity", whilst respecting the need to "satisfy demands of emissions and space".
Aston Martin's changes to the design were to exterior tweaks and a reworked interior.
In September 2013, after just over two years of production, Aston Martin announced that it would stop production of their Cygnet city car. The Cygnet has been the second shortest running production car in the history of Aston Martin after the 2012 Aston Martin Virage, which was only produced for a year. The Cygnet was cancelled due to disastrously low sales, with the car reaching only 150 units in the UK rather than its annual target of 4000.
- Filipponio, Frank (2009-06-29). "Aston Martin Cygnet adds a smart set of clothes to the Toyota iQ". Autoblog. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- Cropley, Steve (2009-07-01). "Updated: Aston Cygnet gallery". Autocar. Retrieved 2010-03-17.
- Williams, David (2009-12-16). "Baby Aston Martin Cygnet". Telegraph. Retrieved 2009-12-17.
- "Japanese Production Sites" (Press release). Japan: Toyota. 2015-03-06. Archived from the original on 2015-03-18.
- Eric Loveday (2011-07-20). "2012 Scion iQ priced from $15,995". AutoblogGreen. Retrieved 2011-07-20.
- Cain, Timothy. "2012 release for the Scion iQ in Canada". Auto sales data and news. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- "2010 Toyota iQ". Car and Driver, Ray Hutton, December 2008.
- Abuelsamid, Sam (2007-09-12). "Frankfurt 2007: Toyota iQ concept details and Pics". Autobloggreen.com. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- "2009 Toyota iQ revealed (updated)". Leftlanenews.com. Retrieved 2009-04-20.
- Associated Press (2012-09-24). "Toyota beefs up green vehicles, plans electric car for this year, fuel cell vehicle by 2015". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- UC Irvine Press Release (2013-03-21). "UC Irvine’s car-sharing program charges ahead". University of California, Irvine. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- "CAR review 2Sep08". Carmagazine.co.uk. 2008-09-02. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "iQ on sale in Europe". Toyota.co.uk. 1990-01-06. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "TOYOTA、iQに1.3L車を新設定". .toyota.co.jp. 2009-08-20. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "Scion iQ Coming By Early 2011". Motortrend.com. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "Toyota to Launch Ultra-compact 'iQ' in Japan". .toyota.co.jp. 2008-10-15. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "Euro NCAP results for Toyota iQ 1.0, LHD" (PDF). euroncap.com. 2009.
- Lyon, Peter (2008-08-27). "First Drive: 2009 Toyota iQ - Outsmarting the Smart". Edmunds Inside Line.
- "Toyota develops rear window air bag". CTV.ca. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- "Toyota iQ is a pass master" (Press release). UK: Toyota. Retrieved 2015-02-11.
- Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-01-10). "Detroit 2009: Toyota's iQ based FT-EV concept to hit production in 2012". Autobloggreen.com. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- Hardigree, Matt (2009-01-10). "Toyota FT-EV Concept: An Electric Car For The Tiny Masses - Toyota FT-EV". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
- "iQ Customize Car page". Toyota.jp. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "Toyota iQ gets Tuned by Gazoo Racing, Production Limited to 100 Units". Carscoop.blogspot.com. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "GAZOO Racing site". Gazoo.com. 2009-11-22. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "TMC to Tweak iQ for Individuality —Aston Martin Version Planned for Europe—". .toyota.co.jp. 2009-06-29. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- "Toyota iQ for Sports and iQ Collection". Topspeed.com. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2009-01-09). "Frankfurt Preview: Lexus LF-Ch joins Toyota Auris Hybrid, plug-in Prius and two iQ concepts". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-10-08.
- Sam Abuelsamid (2009-04-08). "New York 2009: The Scion iQ goes Big Wheels!". autoblog. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
- "Scion – Scion iQ – On-Sale Dates". scion.com. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- "Toyota GRMN iQ Racing Concept headlines TMC's Tokyo Auto Salon roster". 2011-01-16.
- "Toyota greenlights iQ Supercharger Concept for production [w/video]". 2012-01-13.
- "Toyota Electric Vehicle (EV) prototype. iQ platform, all-electric". Europe: Toyota. Retrieved 2011-03-02.
- "2011 Geneva Motor Show: Scion iQ electric car to debut". Consumer Reports. 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
- Sebastian Blanco (2012-09-24). "Toyota kills plans for widespread iQ EV sales after misreading demand and battery tech". Autoblog. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
- "Toyota Confirms Highlights of Annual National Dealer Meeting" (Press release). USA: Toyota. 2011-06-29. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
- "Toyota officially confirms 2012 launch of electric Scion iQ". Autoblog. 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-07-15.
- "Toyota to sell RAV4 EV to public and fleets in 2012". Green Car Congress. 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-07-19.
- "Toyota iQ EV – Most of 2012′s 600 Vehicles Destined for Japan". Integrity Exports. 2011-09-08. Retrieved 2011-09-11.
- Sebastian Blanco (2013-09-12). "City CarShare fires up Dash carsharing network with 30 Scion iQ EVs". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2013-09-16.
- "2013 Scion iQ EV". fueleconomy.gov. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy. 2012-11-30. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
- "Most Efficient EPA-Certified Vehicles- Current Model Year". fueleconomy.gov. U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-10.
- "List of electric vehicles by EPA Fuel Economy". fueleconomy.gov. U.S. Department of Energy and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 2014-12-06.
- Brad Berman (2012-12-07). "2013 DOE-EPA Fuel Economy Guide Includes 14 Plug-in Models". PluginCars.com. Retrieved 2012-12-15.
- "EU 2012 emission rules". European Commission. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- "Aston’s iQ to cost £31k - BBC Top Gear". Topgear.com. 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Aston Martin Cygnet Launch Editions; White and Black". Aston Martin. Retrieved 2011-01-22.
- "Aston shares to fund new cars". Autocar. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
- "Aston Martin Cygnet supermini launch editions". evo. 2011-01-20. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Aston Martin Cygnet Confirmed for Production | Aston Martin at AutoTalk". Autotalk.com. 2010-10-11. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Specifications". astonmartin.com/cars. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
- "Aston Martin Cygnet details". 4 Wheels News. Retrieved 2010-10-14.
- "Aston Martin Ends Production Cygnet City Car". The Supercar Kids. 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
- "Aston Martin to end production of Cygnet small car". BBC News: Business. 2013-10-09. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Toyota iQ.|
- Official websites for Aston Martin Cygnet, Canada, UK, U
- Toyota IQ Australian press release
- Gazoo Racing iQ
|Scion, a marque of Toyota Motor Corporation, road vehicle timeline, 2000s–present|
|Concept cars: bbX · ccX · t2B · Fuse · Hako Coupe · iQ|
|Aston Martin and Lagonda road car timeline, 1948–Present|
|Owner||David Brown Limited||Wilson||Sprague, Minden||Gauntlett, Pace||Gauntlett, Livanos||Gauntlett, Livanos, Ford||Ford Motor Company||Dar, Adeem, Bez, Richards||Investindustrial, Primewagon, Dar et al.|
|Lagonda||2.6 Litre||3 Litre||Rapide||V8||Taraf|
|Grand Tourer||DB4||DB5||DB6||Vantage||DB7||DB7 Vantage||DB9|
|Supercar||V8 Vantage||V8 Vantage||V12 Vanquish||DBS||Vanquish|
|Zagato||DB4GT Zagato||V8 Zagato||DB7 Zagato||DBAR1||V12 Zagato|