Aston Martin V8

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Aston Martin V8
Aston Martin V8 Saloon 1972 - Flickr - mick - Lumix.jpg
1972 Aston Martin V8 Saloon
Overview
Manufacturer Aston Martin
Production 1969–1989
4,021 built[1]
(incl. Vantage & Volante)
Assembly Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom
Body and chassis
Class Grand tourer
Body style 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Related Aston Martin DBS
Aston Martin RHAM/1
Powertrain
Engine 5.3 L V8
Transmission 3-speed automatic
ZF 5-speed manual all-synchromesh[2]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,610 mm (102.8 in)[2]
Length 4,585 mm (180.5 in)[2]
Width 1,830 mm (72.0 in)[2]
Height 1,330 mm (52.4 in)[2]
Curb weight 1,820 kg (4,010 lb)[2](approx)
Chronology
Predecessor Aston Martin DBS
Successor Aston Martin Virage

The Aston Martin V8 is a two-door automobile manufactured in the United Kingdom from 1969 to 1989. As with all traditional Aston Martins, it was entirely handbuilt – with each car requiring 1,200 manhours to finish.[3]

Aston Martin's customers had been clamouring for an eight-cylinder car for years, so Aston Martin designed a larger two-door saloon for V8 applications. The engine was not ready, however, so in 1967 the company released the DBS with the straight-six Vantage engine from the DB6. Two years later, Tadek Marek's V8 was ready, and Aston released the DBS V8. With the demise of the straight-six Vantage in 1973, the DBS V8, now restyled and called simply the Aston Martin V8, became the company's mainstream car for nearly two decades. It was retired in favour of the Virage in 1989.

DBS V8[edit]

From 1969 through 1972, Aston's flagship model was the DBS V8. Though the body and name was shared with the six-cylinder DBS, the V8 sold for much more. The body was a modern reinterpretation of the traditional Aston Martin look, with a squared-off grille and four headlights (though some consider the styling derivative of the early Ford Mustang). Distinguishing features of the V8 model are the larger front air dam and lack of wire wheels, though some six-cylinder DBS cars also used the V8's alloy wheels. The tail lights were taken from the Hillman Hunter.

1970 Aston Martin DBS V8

A road test report of the time noted that the car had gained 250 lb (113 kg) in weight with the fitting of the V8 in place of the previously used six-cylinder unit, despite the manufacturer's assurance that the engine weighed only 30 lb (14 kg) more than the older straight-six.[2] Other contributions to the weight gain included heavier ventilated brake discs, air conditioning, fatter tyres, a new and stronger ZF gearbox as well as some extra bodywork beneath the front bumper.[2]

Marek's V8 engine displaced 5.3 L (5,340 cc/325 in3) and used Bosch fuel injection. Output was not officially released, but estimates center around 315 hp (235 kW). The DBS V8 could hit 60 mph (97 km/h) in 5.9 seconds and had a top speed of nearly 160 mph (257 km/h). 402 DBSV8s were built.

A DBS V8 was to be used by Roger Moore in the television show, The Persuaders! However, no V8 car was ready, so a six-cylinder DBS was modified to look like a V8 for use in the show.

V8[edit]

In April 1972, the DBS V8 became just the Aston Martin V8 as the six-cylinder DBS was dropped, leaving just this car and the Vantage in production. Although David Brown had left the company, he had overseen development of this model.

AM V8[edit]

The V8 became known as the AM V8. Visual differences included twin quartz headlights and a mesh grille, a front design which was to last until the end of production in 1989. AM V8 cars, produced from 1972 through July 1973, used a similar engine to the DBS V8, albeit with Bosch fuel injection rather than the earlier carburetors. Just 288 Series 2 cars were built.

Series 3[edit]

1973 AM V8 with the tall Series 3 hood scoop

The car switched back to Weber carburetors for the Series 3 in 1973, ostensibly to help the car pass new stricter emissions standards in California but most likely because Aston Martin was unable to make the Bosch fuel injection system work correctly.[4] These cars are distinguished by a taller hood scoop to accommodate four twin-choke (two-barrel) Weber carbs. The car produced 310 hp (231 kW; 314 PS) and could reach 60 mph (97 km/h) in 6.1 seconds with an automatic transmission or 5.7 with a manual. Performance suffered with emissions regulations, falling to 288 hp (215 kW; 292 PS) in 1976. The next year, a more powerful "Stage 1" engine with new camshafts and exhaust brought it up to 305 hp (227 kW; 309 PS).[5]

Production of Series 3 cars lasted from 1973 through October 1978, but was halted for all of 1975. 967 examples were produced in this time. While earlier V8 cars have louvers cut into the little panel mounted beneath the rear windshield, the Series 3 and later cars instead have a small lip at the bottom of this panel, just ahead of the leading edge of the bootlid.[4]

Series 4 ("Oscar India")[edit]

Aston Martin V8 Volante Series 1 (Series 4 Saloon equivalent)

The "Oscar India" specification was introduced in October 1978 at the Birmingham International Motor Show. Visually, the former scoop on the bonnet gave way to a closed "power bulge", while a spoiler was integrated into the tail. Most Oscar India cars were equipped with a Chrysler "Torqueflite" three-speed automatic transmission, with wood trim fitted for the first time since the DB2/4 of the 1950s. Just 352 Oscar India models were built from 1978 through 1985. The power of the now de-smogged engines kept dropping on American market cars, down to a low of 245 hp (183 kW) in the early eighties.[5]

The convertible "Volante" was introduced in June 1978, but featured the Series 4 bonnet a few months before the Saloon received the Oscar India update. The Volante Series 1 weighs 70 kg (155 lb) more than the Saloon, due to the necessity of reinforcing the frame.[6] US market cars received much larger bumpers beginning with the 1980 model year, adding weight and somewhat marring the car's lines. Owners of US-specified cars often modify them to have the slimmer European bumpers.[6]

Aston Martin V8 Volante Series 2 with the later flat bonnet

Series 5[edit]

The fuel-injected Series 5 cars were introduced in January 1986 at the New York International Auto Show. The compact Weber/Marelli system no longer needed the space of the previous carburetors, so the bonnet bulge was virtually eliminated. 405 Series 5 cars were built before production ceased in 1989. The Volante Series 2 received the same changes; 216 were built.

Lagonda[edit]

Between 1974 and 1976, seven four-door Lagonda saloons were produced based on the Aston Martin V8, with a Lagonda-style outline grille fitted within the space normally filled by the standard Aston Martin grille.

Engine 5,340 cc[7]
Horsepower 380
Acceleration 0–60 mph 5,2
Speed 168 mph

Production figures[edit]

  • DBS V8: 402[8]
  • V8 Saloon Series 2: 288
  • V8 Saloon Series 3: 967
  • V8 Saloon Series 4: 352
  • V8 Saloon Series 5: 405
  • V8 Volante Series 1: 656
  • V8 Volante Series 2: 245
  • V8 Vantage Series 1: 38 + 13 US-spec models with regular engine
  • V8 Vantage Series 2: 304 + 14 US-spec models with regular engine
  • V8 Vantage Volante: 192 + 56 US-spec models with regular engine
  • V8 Vantage Zagato/Vantage Volante Zagato: 89

James Bond[edit]

James Bond drives a series 4 model "B549 WUU" in the 1987 film, The Living Daylights (the first of the two films starring Timothy Dalton). However, the film caused some confusion for viewers (even those quite familiar with Aston Martin models of that era). At the beginning of the film, the car is a V8 Volante (convertible). The actual car used in these scenes was a V8 Volante owned by Aston Martin Lagonda chairman, Victor Gauntlett. Later, the car is seen being fitted with a hardtop ("winterised") at Q Branch. However, later scenes actually feature a pair of V8 saloons with the same number plate as the Volante seen in the beginning of the movie, retrofitted with other "optional extras" such as spiked tyres, skis, lasers, and missiles. Clearly, the car was intended to be seen as a V8 Volante with hardtop.[9]

Aston Martin V8 Volante from The Living Daylights

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edwards, Robert (2004). Aston Martin. Sparkford: Haynes Publishing. p. 123. ISBN 1-84425-014-8. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Autotest: Aston Martin DBS V8. Fast, heavy, expensive....tremendous performance, superb brakes, excellent handing. Heavy fuel consumption and short range. Roomy cockpit, genuine four-seater. Small boot. Overall a bulky car. A few small details should be better. High price". Autocar. 134 (nbr 3928): pages 7–11. 8 July 1971. 
  3. ^ Koch, Jeff (March 2012). "Buyer's Guide: 1977–1989 Aston Martin V8 Vantage". Hemmings Sports & Exotic Car (Bennington, VT: Hemmings Motor News) 7 (7): 81. ISSN 1555-6867. 
  4. ^ a b Cottingham, Tim. "V8 (Weber Carb)". Cars. AstonMartins.com. Retrieved 2013-07-31. 
  5. ^ a b Chauvin, Xavier (April 2012). "Dossier: Aston Martin DBS et AM V8: Le muscle car de Sa Majesté" [Her Majesty's muscle car]. Rétroviseur (in French) (Fontainebleu, France: Éditions LVA) (277): 39. ISSN 0992-5007. 
  6. ^ a b Cottingham, Tim. "V8 Volante (Weber carb)". Aston Martins.com. Retrieved 2014-01-02. 
  7. ^ http://www.astonmartin.com/eng/heritage/heritagecars/amv8vantage1977to1989 Aston Martin V8
  8. ^ All figures according to:Edwards, Robert (2004). Aston Martin. Sparkford: Haynes Publishing. p. 123. ISBN 1-84425-014-8. 
  9. ^ "Aston Martin V8". James Bond Multimedia. Retrieved 2014-01-02.