The Astoria Column
|Location||Astoria, Oregon, USA|
|NRHP Reference #||74001681|
|Added to NRHP||May 2, 1974|
The Astoria Column is a tower overlooking the mouth of the Columbia River on Coxcomb Hill in the city of Astoria in the U.S. state of Oregon. Built in 1926, the concrete and steel structure is part of a 30-acre (12-hectare) city park. The 125-foot (38 m)-tall column has a 164-step spiral staircase ascending to an observation deck at the top and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on May 2, 1974.
The tower was built in 1926 with financing by the Great Northern Railway and Vincent Astor, the great-grandson of John Jacob Astor, in commemoration of the city's role in the family's business history. Patterned after the Trajan Column in Rome, the Column was dedicated on July 22, 1926. The first Community Antenna Television (CATV) System in the United States was built in 1949 utilizing the column. In 1974, the column was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The murals that make up the column were refurbished in 1995 and a granite plaza was added in 2004.
The Astoria Column was one of a series of monuments erected by Great Northern Railway in 1925 and 1926.
The 125-foot (38 m)-tall column stands atop 600-foot (180 m)-tall Coxcomb Hill and includes an interior spiral staircase that leads to an observation deck at the top. The spiral sgrafitto frieze on the exterior of the structure is almost seven feet wide, and 525 feet (160 m) long. Painted by Electus D. Litchfield and Attilio Pusterla, the mural shows 14 significant events in the early history of Oregon with a focus on Astoria's role including Captain Gray's discovery of the Columbia River in 1792 and the Lewis & Clark Expedition.
Designed to resemble the Roman Trajan's Column, the Astoria Column was built of concrete and has a 12-foot (3.7 m) deep foundation. Built at a cost of $27,133.96 ($361,463.11 in 2014 dollars), the tower has 164 steps to the top, where there is a replica of the State Seal of Oregon.
A plaque at the site commemorates the CATV system built by local resident Leroy E. "Ed" Parsons in which twin-lead transmission wires redistributed the signal of KRSC-TV (now KING-TV) in Seattle, Washington to area homes. Former Astoria resident Byron Roman was also involved in early cable invention and distribution.
Other Great Northern memorials
- Verendrye, North Dakota
- Camp Disappointment (Meriwether), Montana
- Marias Pass (Summit), Montana
- Bonners Ferry, Idaho
- Wishram, Washington
- Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.
- Introduction to CATV
- "Oregon National Register List" (PDF). State of Oregon. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-19.
- "The Astoria Column". Friends of the Astoria Column, Inc. 2007. Archived from the original on 16 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-19.
- Young, F. G. (September 1926). "The Columbia River Historical Expedition: The Achievement and Its Promise". Oregon Historical Quarterly (Oregon Historical Society) 27 (3): 292–294.
- The History Of Public Access Television
- The Cable Center
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