Astra 2B

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Astra 2B
COSPAR ID 2000-054A
SATCAT № 26494
Mission duration 15 years
Spacecraft properties
Bus Eurostar E2000+
Manufacturer Astrium
Launch mass 3,315 kilograms (7,308 lb)
Power 7,800 watts
Start of mission
Launch date September 14, 2000 (2000-09-14Z) UTC
Rocket Ariane 5G V130
Launch site Kourou ELA-3
Contractor Arianespace
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Geostationary
Longitude 31.5°E
Slot Astra 31.5°E (2014-)
Astra 19.2°E (2013-2014)
Astra 28.2°E (2000-2013)
Perigee 35,780 kilometres (22,230 mi)[1]
Apogee 35,806 kilometres (22,249 mi)[1]
Inclination 0.14 degrees[1]
Period 1436.12 minutes[1]
Epoch 5 September 2014, 19:08:37 UTC[1]
Transponders
Band 30 Ku band
(to be reduced to 28 by end of life)
Bandwidth 33 megahertz
TWTA power 109 watts
EIRP 51 decibel-watts

Astra 2B is one of the Astra communications satellites owned and operated by SES. Launched in 2000 to join Astra 2A at the Astra 28.2°E orbital slot providing digital television and radio broadcast services to the UK and Republic of Ireland, the satellite was moved in February 2013 to the Astra 19.2°E position and then in January 2014 to the Astra 31.5°E slot.

The satellite provides two broadcast beams, each with horizontal and vertical polarisation, across two footprints - 2B North (covering central Europe and Scandinavia) and 2B South (covering Central Europe and the Iberian peninsula and Canary Islands).[2]

While at 28.2°E, TV signals could be received with a 43 cm dish across the majority of the British Isles with a 60 cm dish required in the extreme north and west, although the official footprint maps now show a 60 cm dish as required across all of western Europe.[3] At 28.2°E 17 transponders on Astra 2B were used by BSkyB to provide the Sky Digital TV services of standard and high definition TV and digital radio.[4] Astra 2B could also provide backup capacity, substituting for one or more transponders across the whole 10.70-12.75 GHz range used by Astra satellites in the Astra 19.2°E and Astra 28.2°E orbital positions.

A third, steerable beam provides 8 transponders in the 12.50-12.75 GHz range for Internet and telecommunications services in West Africa. This aspect of the satellite was originally the commercial responsibility of SES New Skies (now incorporated into SES).

Following the launch of Astra 2F to 28.2°E, in February 2013 Astra 2B started its planned move from that position to Astra 19.2°E, to serve alongside Astra 1KR, Astra 1L, Astra 1M, and Astra 2C,[5] arriving in position by February 27, 2013.[6] In January 2014, Astra 2B left Astra 19.2°E, moving east and is expected to be positioned in the Astra 31.5°E slot, pending the delayed launch of Astra 5B to that position.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "ASTRA 2B Satellite details 2000-054A NORAD 26494". N2YO. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Astra 2B Footprints". SES. Retrieved January 26, 2011. 
  3. ^ "ASTRA 2B". SES. Retrieved February 27, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Astra 2B at 28.2°E". LyngSat. Archived from the original on 11 August 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2008. 
  5. ^ Our global satellite fleet SES booklet November 2012 fleet plan for 2015. Accessed February 15, 2013
  6. ^ Astra 2B in lyngsat.com SatTracker Accessed February 27, 2013
  7. ^ Real Time Satellite Tracking And Predictions - Astra 2B Accessed February 20, 2014

External links[edit]

  • OnAstra - Official consumers/viewers' site
  • SES - Official industry site