Astrid (brig)

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Astrid
Brigg Astrid 2008.JPG
Astrid in 2008
Career
Name: W.U.T.A. (1924–37)
Astrid (since 1937)
Owner: N. Müller (1930–37)
J. Jeppson (1937– )
Astrid Trust (1989–96)
Ineke and Pieter de Kam (2006–13)
Port of registry: Netherlands Dordrecht, Netherlands (1924–37)
Sweden Skillinge, Sweden (1937–75)
Lebanon Lebanon (1975–84)
United Kingdom Weymouth, United Kingdom (1984–97)
Netherlands Netherlands (1997–2013)
Builder: G van Leeuwen, Scheveningen
Launched: 1918[1]
In service: 1924[2]
Out of service: 2013
Identification: Code Letters QOSF (1924–34)
ICS Quebec.svgICS Oscar.svgICS Sierra.svgICS Foxtrot.svg
Code Letters PIRV (1934–37)
ICS Papa.svgICS India.svgICS Romeo.svgICS Victor.svg
Code Letters SLEK (1937–75)
ICS Sierra.svgICS Lima.svgICS Echo.svgICS Kilo.svg
IMO number: 5027792[2]
Status: Scrapped[3][4]
General characteristics
Tonnage: 182 GRT, 143 NRT (as built)
140 GT;[5] 215 DWT[2]
Length: 41.90 m (137 ft 6 in)[5]
Beam: 6.48 metres (21 ft 3 in)[5]
Draught: 2.65 metres (8 ft 8 in)[5]
Depth: 2.87 metres (9 ft 5 in)[5]
Propulsion: Sail and motor
Sail plan: Lugger (as built)
Schooner (c.1930–37)
Brig (1989–2013)

Astrid was a 41.90-metre (137 ft 6 in) long tall ship that was built in 1918 in the Netherlands as a lugger and originally named W.U.T.A., short for Wacht Uw Tijd Af meaning "Bide Your Time". She was later transferred to Swedish ownership, renamed Astrid and sailed on the Baltic Sea until 1975. She then sailed under a Lebanese flag and was allegedly used for drug smuggling. After being found burnt out on the coast of England in the early 1980s, she was overhauled and used as a sailing training vessel. She was based in Weymouth, Dorset, United Kingdom and was informally known as "Weymouth's vessel".

Astrid ran aground off the coast of Ireland on 24 July 2013, and subsequently sank, with all on board rescued. She was salvaged on 9 September 2013, but as the cost of restoring her was too high she was scrapped and broken up by April 2014.

Structure[edit]

Astrid was a dual-masted, square-rigged, iron/steel-hulled tall ship.[6][5] She was 42-metre (138 ft) in length, with a 7-metre (23 ft) beam, a 2.7-metre (8.9 ft) draught and a mast height of 25 metres (82 ft).[2][7] In addition to her sails, she also had a small 253-kilowatt (339 hp) Scania Ds 1402 four-stroke diesel motor for propulsion.[8][7][5] Astrid was the smallest tall ship in the Dutch fleet.[9]

As built, W.U.T.A. had a gross register tonnage of 182; she was 143 net register tonnage with a capacity of 123 tons under her deck. Her dimensions were 30.8 metres (100.9 ft) length, 6.5 metres (21.3 ft) beam and 2.9 metres (9.5 ft) depth.[10] Her four-stroke single cycle, single action 2-cylinder auxiliary diesel engine was built by Gasmotorenfabrikant Deutz A.G., Köln, Germany. The cylinders were 279 by 451 millimetres (11 in × 17.75 in) bore by stroke.[11]

Astrid had two deckhouses: one at the stern with navigational equipment and maps, and another forward containing a bar. The lower deck had twelve 2-person cabins (of which three could be used as 3-person cabins) as well as showers, toilets and a galley.[7]

History[edit]

Astrid was built in 1918 in Scheveningen, Netherlands by G van Leeuwen as W.U.T.A., short for Wacht Uw Tijd Af meaning "Bide Your Time". She was originally rigged as a lugger.[1][12][10] By 1930, she had been re-rigged as an auxiliary schooner. Then owned by N. Müller, her port of registry was Dordrecht, South Holland and her Code Letters were QOSF.[10] In 1934, her Code Letters were changed to PIRV.[13]

In 1937, W.U.T.A. was sold to Swede J. Jeppson and renamed Astrid. Her port of registry was changed to Skillinge and the Code Letters SLEK were allocated. By this time, she had been derigged and was operating on her engine alone.[1][14][15] Astrid was used on trade routes in the North Sea and Baltic Sea until 1975.[8][16] Astrid then sailed under a Lebanese flag.[17] She was allegedly used for drug smuggling, and was being shadowed in the English Channel by HM Customs and Excise when she mysteriously caught fire.[8][17][16] Astrid was found abandoned and burnt to a shell off the coast of England in the early 1980s by Graham Neilson.[1][8][16]

Astrid was transferred to British ownership in 1984 when she was overhauled for the Astrid Trust,[17][18][19] a private company limited by guarantee.[20] She was subsequently dedicated on 17 May 1989 by Princess Anne,[21] following which she took part in the 800th anniversary celebrations of the Lord Mayor of London.[22] Astrid then competed in the 1989 Cutty Sark Tall Ships' Race.[22][23] She also competed in the 1990 and 1991 Cutty Sark Tall Ships' Races.[16][24] Astrid made more than 16 crossings of the Atlantic Ocean as a training ship.[17][18]

Astrid was captained by Paul Compton until 1999.[25] In December 1996, the Astrid Trust was wound up, and Astrid, then lying at Barbados, was put up for sale with an asking price of £750,000.[26] Following her sale in 1997,[18] Astrid was converted into a luxury sailing vessel in 1999–2000, after which she could carry 45 passengers, or have 24 guest crew members.[17] Since circa 2006, she had been owned by Ineke and Pieter de Kam.[8] Astrid was a regular participant, and winner of several prizes, in Tall Ship Races and Regattas.[9] Astrid was based in Weymouth Harbour, and was informally known as "Weymouth's vessel".[25]

Sinking and salvage operation[edit]

Astrid sinking on the 24th July 2013
The wreck of Astrid after she had been raised.

Astrid departed from Southampton, UK on 14 July 2013 and was due to arrive in Cherbourg, Seine-Maritime, France on 28 July 2013 as part of a European Union International Exchange program.[9]

As of 14:00 on 23 July 2013, the ship was anchored in Oysterhaven Anchorage in County Cork. The 30 crew members of the ship consisted of the Master; three permanent crew members; a cook on a temporary contract; a mentor; and 24 trainees aged from 15-24 (eight from Ireland, four from The Netherlands, three from the United Kingdom, six from France, two from Belgium and one from Spain).[5] This meant that there were 23 teenagers and 7 adults on board,[8] consisting of 24 trainees and 6 permanent crew.[27]

The Astrid raised its anchor at around 11:00 on 24 July 2013, and left Oysterhaven on motor power.[5] She was one of 50 vessels participating in Ireland's 2013 Gathering Cruise between Oysterhaven and Kinsale.[8] At around 11:35 her sails were being raised while the engine was still in use, and the ship was sailing towards the south-west at around 3 knots. At around 11:40, the ship's engine failed.[5]

Around midday on 24 July 2013, Astrid ran aground on Quay Rock at Ballymacus Point, near the Sovereign Islands in southern Ireland, while attempting to enter the harbour near Kinsale, County Cork.[28][29] The ship's engine failure prevented her from pulling herself off the rocks.[30] The thirty crew members were rescued from the tall ship, with 18 being rescued by a RNLI lifeboat and the other 12 by another tall ship. Four RNLI lifeboats and two Irish Coast Guard helicopters were involved in the rescue.[28] The incident was filmed by the Irish Coast Guard.[31] None of the crew suffered any injuries.[5]

The entire hull of the vessel was covered by water, with a 200-metre (660 ft) exclusion zone being enforced by the patrol ship LÉ Róisín.[6] On 26 July, divers and a surveyor started assessing whether salvage and repair of the ship would be possible.[6] Initial reports indicated that Astrid had been looted overnight from 26–27 July, with the ship's wheel and heavy brass compass and bell stolen from the ship. However, it soon emerged that some of items were missing from the ship within hours of the incident; subsequent news reports stated that the wheel was likely ripped off the ship by the sea within 48 hours of the accident, and the Irish Coastguard and Naval Service issued a warning to stay away from the wreck.[32] Salvage divers recovered all three missing items from the ship on 9 August, and they were handed over to the ship's owner.[33] A video showing their recovery, and the damage to the ship, was later released.[34]

Extensive damage was found by the diver's preliminary examination of the ship, including tearing and inch-sized gaps in Astrid's hull, as well as popped rivets and spread plates.[35] The salvage company Blue Ocean, of Castletownbere, were appointed to recover the ship.[36] The plans for the salvage operation consisted of removing around 3.5 tonnes of diesel fuel from the ship's fuel tanks, pumping water out of the ship and cutting away equipment including the rigging and masts, before a floating crane lifted the vessel from the rocks.[35] The ship would then be taken to a nearby port to be handed over to the insurers.[37] As of the end of July 2013 it was thought that the ship will never sail again, and that she would be written off as a total constructive loss.[35] A month after sinking, Astrid was still under water.[38]

Plans for the salvage operation were approved by the Irish Coast Guard,[39] and the salvage operation began on 1 September, with work to remove loose ropes and secure the fuel containers;[40] the salvage operation was expected to take up to 3 weeks.[41][42] Astrid was recovered by the sheerleg GPS Atlas on 9 September 2013 by Atlantic Towage and Marine, and was transported on a barge to Kinsale for assessment and an investigation of what caused the accident.[43][44][45] The insurers of the ship deemed the cost of restoring Astrid to be too high due to the damage caused while she was partially submerged (an economic write-off); as such she was scrapped and taken to Cork Harbour to be broken up.[3][46][5] The scrapping process was completed by April 2014.[4][47]

On 23 July 2014, a day before the anniversary of the Astrid's sinking, an interim announcement from the Marine Casualty Investigation Board said that the loss was due to engine failure, and that a full report would be posted once standard procedure to ensure "natural justice" had been followed.[27] They rated the type of incident as a "Very Serious Marine Casualty".[5] On the same day, it was reported that some of the canvas sails from the Astrid, as well as some of the timber from the lifeboats, had been turned into designer handbags.[48][49][50]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "History". Rederij Horizon Sailing. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d "ASTRID – Vessel's Details and Current Position – 5027792 – 244361000". Marine Traffic. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Astrid wreck set for the scrap heap". West Cork Times. 18 September 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Tall Ship Astrid is Boxed As Trainees Return to the Ocean Wave on an Irish Vessel". Afloat.ie. 23 April 2014. Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Astrid Interim Report". Marine Casualty Investigation Board. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c Siggins, Lorna (26 July 2013). "Divers and surveyor to consider possible salvage of 'Astrid'". The Irish Times. 
  7. ^ a b c "Astrid". At Sea Sail Training. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g "Tall Ship Astrid Sinks After Hitting Rocks". Sky News. 25 July 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c "A European Union International Exchange 2013" (pdf). At Sea Sail Training. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c "Lloyd's Register, Sailing Vessels" (pdf). Plimsoll Ship Data. 1930. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Lloyd's Register, Steamers & Motorships under 300 Tons, Trawlers, &c." (pdf). Plimsoll Ship Data. 1932. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "Nederlands zeilschip breekt voor Ierse kust". De Telegraaf (in Dutch). 24 July 2013. 
  13. ^ "Lloyd's Register, Navires á Vapeur de Moins de 300 tx, Chalutiers, &c." (pdf). Plimsoll Ship Data. 1934. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Lloyd's Register, Navires á Vapeur de Moins de 300 tx, Chalutiers, &c." (pdf). Plimsoll Ship Data. 1937. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  15. ^ "Lloyd's Register, Steamers & Motorships under 300 Tons, Trawlers, &c." (pdf). Plimsoll Ship Data. 1937. Retrieved 19 September 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c d Malcolm McKeag. "Deep sea challenge for Karen" The Times (London). Saturday, 30 June 1990. (63746), col H,
  17. ^ a b c d e "The ship". Rederij Horizon Sailing. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  18. ^ a b c "Greyham Neilson's Vision". Adventure Under Sail Ltd. Archived from the original on 20 August 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  19. ^ "An advanced scholar ship" The Times (London). Monday, 4 September 1989. (63490), col A-F, p. 31.
  20. ^ "The Astrid Trust". Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  21. ^ Mark Pepper. "Tall ship sets sail for youth" The Times (London). Friday, 19 May 1989. (63398), col E-G, p. 6.
  22. ^ a b Mark Pepper. "Tall ship joins the Lord Mayor's celebration" The Times (London). Monday, 3 July 1989. (63436), col D-H, p. 3.
  23. ^ Barry Pickthall. "Record fleet will sail from London" The Times (London). Wednesday, 10 May 1989. (63390), col E-F, p. 47.
  24. ^ George Hill. "Tides turning against the tall ships" The Times (London). Saturday, 13 July 1991. (64071), col D-H, p. 16.
  25. ^ a b Kitching, Laura (30 August 2013). "Sunken Tall Ship Astrid could be saved if Irish Coast Guard approve plans". Dorset Echo. 
  26. ^ Nick Messenger. "Uncertain fate of sail-training ship" The Times (London). Tuesday, 31 December 1996. (65774), col F-G, p. 15.
  27. ^ a b "‘Astrid’ sail training ship loss due to engine failure says interim investigation". The Irish Times. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  28. ^ a b "Tall ship Astrid crew rescued off Cork". BBC News. 24 July 2013. 
  29. ^ "'Astrid' owner speaks of his sadness at decision to scrap the 95-year-old historic brig". The Irish Times. 19 September 2013. 
  30. ^ "30 rescued from distressed tall ship in major operation off Cork coast". Irish Examiner. 24 July 2013. 
  31. ^ "County Cork tall ship rescue 'a miracle'". BBC News. 25 July 2013. 
  32. ^ Riegel, Ralph (1 August 2013). "Warning to avoid stricken 'Astrid'". Evening Herald. 
  33. ^ "So, it turns out the Astrid bell and wheel weren't stolen…". TheJournal.ie. 10 August 2013. 
  34. ^ Riegel, Ralph; Duggan, Barry (16 August 2013). "Video: Salvage divers find deck items feared looted from shipwreck". Irish Independent. 
  35. ^ a b c English, Eoin (30 July 2013). "Coast Guard presses Astrid's insurers for prompt removal of shipwreck". Irish Examiner. 
  36. ^ "Astrid Plundered". Evening Echo. 30 July 2013. [dead link]
  37. ^ English, Eoin (31 July 2013). "Wreck removal plan for Astrid in final stages". Irish Examiner. 
  38. ^ "Tall Ship Astrid, A Sorry Sight for Irish Waters". Afloat. 25 August 2013. 
  39. ^ "Coast Guard approves plans to salvage tall ship". The Irish Times. 31 August 2013. 
  40. ^ "Operation to lift the Astrid from the sea should be completed by next week". TheJournal. 3 September 2013. 
  41. ^ "Salvage of Tall Ship Astrid Begins off Kinsale". Afloat. 4 September 2013. 
  42. ^ "Astrid wreck to be lifted within weeks". West Cork Times. 6 September 2013. 
  43. ^ "Astrid salvaged off Cork coast". Raidió Teilifís Éireann. 9 September 2013. 
  44. ^ "Astrid lifted in major salvage operation". The Irish Independent. 10 September 2013. 
  45. ^ "Tall Ship Astrid Back From the Deep, Dutch Vessel Successfully Raised in Kinsale". Afloat. 10 September 2013. 
  46. ^ "The end of a rich history". Rederij Horizon Sailing. 30 December 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  47. ^ "Astrid Tallship: end of dismantling Kinsale Co Cork Ireland". Retrieved 25 April 2014. 
  48. ^ "Wrecks to riches as brothers have Astrid all sewn up". The Irish Independent. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  49. ^ "Designer upcyclers bring new life to Astrid life rafts". West Cork Times. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014. 
  50. ^ "Upcycling brothers are rigged up to bag new life for Astrid's sails". The Southern Star. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2014.