Astrocaryum vulgare (common names Tucum or Tucumã-do-Pará in Brazil, Aouara in French Guiana, Wara awara in Guyana, awarra in Suriname, Chontilla in Ecuador) is a palm native to Amazon Rainforest vegetation, typical of the Pará state in Brazil. This plant has edible fruit, which are also used for biodiesel production. This plant is cited in Flora Brasiliensis by Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius.
The tucum ring
The seed in the fruit is notably used by indigenous Amazonians to make black rings. In the 1800s, this ring was used as a symbol of marriage for the slaves and natives, who could not afford to purchase gold. In addition, the ring was also a symbol of friendship and of resistance to the established order – the freedom fighters. Now these rings are worn by Catholic missionaries as a symbol of solidarity with the poor and support in the struggle for equality, social justice and human rights.
- Story of the Tucum ring « Brazil
- 'O Anel De Tucum' (1994) Conrado Berning, 70 mins in Português,Verbo Filmes
- Eneida Duarte Gaspar 'O Caminho da cruz' 2001 (ISBN 8534702969)
- en.tucum.org - Ceará’s Community Tourism Network receives the To Do! Award in Berlin
- our ring
- Schultes, Richard E. (1974). Palms and religion in the northwest Amazon. Principes 18 (1): 3-21.
- (Portuguese) Freitas, C. O.; Silva, M. M., Silva, I. Q., Rodrigues, A. M. C. Características Físicas da Oleaginosa Tucumã (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart.)
- Astrocaryum vulgare photo of fruit
- Astrocaryum vulgare
- (Portuguese) Flora Brasiliensis: Astrocaryum vulgare
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