Belgrade Observatory

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Belgrade Observatory
Pavilion of Large Refractor.JPG
Pavilion of Large Refractor
Code 057  
Location Zvezdara, Belgrade, Serbia
Coordinates
Altitude 253 m
Established 1887
Astronomical and meteorological observatory from 1891 to 1924.

Belgrade Observatory is an astronomical observatory located in the eastern part of Belgrade, Serbia, in natural environment of Zvezdara forest.

Тhe decree of the founding of the Observatory was signed on 26 March 1887 by the Minister of Education and Church Affaires of Kingdom of Serbia Milan Kujundzic on the initiative of Milan Nedeljkovic, a professor of the Grand School (University of Belgrade).[1] Nedeljkovic was appointed first director of the newly founded Observatory. On 1 July 1887 Nedeljkovic started his activity at the provisory astronomical and meteorological observatory in the rented Geizler family's house. Here the Observatory was operating until 1 May 1891, when it was moved into its own building constructed. It was constructed according to the design of architect Dimitrije T. Leko and equipped with the most modern instruments for astronomical and meteorological observations. Apart from its importance for astronomy and meteorology, the newly built Observatory, headed by Nedeljkovic, was a cradle of the seismic and geomagnetic researches in Serbia. In 1924, by ruling of the Faculty Council the Observatory was divided into two separate institutions: Astronomical Observatory and Meteorological Observatory of Belgrade University. At the head of the Astronomical Observatory was appointed in 1926 Vojislav V. Miskovic, at the time already a well established astronomer engaged at Nice Observatory, France. In 1929 Miskovic succeeded in getting funds for the constructions of a new, modern, observatory, at 6 km distance southeast from the city's centre, occupying a 4.5 ha area at 253 m high hill on Veliki Vracar.[2] It was built between 1929 and 1931, after the design by architect Jan Dubovi.[3] It was complex with the Administrative building and pavilions with astronomic equipment. The Observatory was designed in modernist style, with elements of academic historicism, characteristic of the inter-war period. In addition to the Administrative building were erected Pavilion of the Small Meridian Circle, Pavilion of Large RefractorCarl Zeiss″ 650/10550 mm, Pavilion of Small Refractor, Pavilion of Astrograph Zeiss 160/800 mm, tower - building with water tank, building with a mechanic and carpenter’s workshop. In 1960s, three new observation pavilions were built - Pavilion of Large Vertical Circle Askania 190/2578 mm, Pavilion of Large Transit Instrument Askania 190/2578 mm and Pavilion of Large Meridian Circle Askania 190/2578 mm. Observatory is organization with more about 52 employees, of which 39 are researchers.

Mt. Vidojevica[edit]

Construction of the new Astronomical Station of the Belgrade Observatory infrastructure began at the summit of Mountain Vidojevica (elevation 1155m) in southern part of Serbia. The 60-cm Cassegrain telescope was installed at Station in spring of 2011.[4] The new telescope is named “Nedeljkovic”, after Milan Nedeljkovic, the first director and founder of the Observatory. In the next phase, a 1.5m-class fully robotic telescope will be installed at Astronomical Station of Vidojevica.[5] It will be named “Milankovic”, after Milutin Milanković, a geophysicist, civil engineer and astronomer who was the director of the Observatory from 1948 to 1951.[6] Telescope “Milankovic” will be part of the World-wide Network of Robotic Telescopes. Also, the telescope will be connected to the supercomputer of the Institute of Physics in Belgrade, which will use its data for scientific modeling.[7]

Directors[edit]

  • Milan Nedelkovich (1887 - 1899)
  • Đorđe Stanojević (1899 - 1900)
  • Milan Nedelkovich (1900 - 1915)
  • Victor Conrad (1916 - 1918)
  • Milan Nedelkovich (1919 - 1924)
  • Milutin Milankovitch (1925 - 1926)
  • Voyislav Mishkovitch (1926 - 1946)
  • Milorad Protich (1946 - 1948)
  • Milutin Milankovitch (1948 - 1951)
  • Voyislav Mishkovitch (1951 - 1954)
  • Milorad Protich (1954 - 1961)
  • Vasiliye Osekan (1961 - 1965)
  • Petar Đurković (1965 - 1970)
  • Milorad Protich (1971 - 1975)
  • M. Mijatov (1975 - 1981)
  • Miodrag Mitrovitch (1982 - 1989)
  • Istvan Vince (1990 - 1993)
  • Milan Dimitriyevitch (1994 - 2001)
  • Zoran Knežević (2002 -)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]