Astronomy and Astrophysics
|Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Abbreviated title (ISO 4)||Astron. Astrophys.|
|Edited by||Thierry Forveille|
|Publisher||EDP Sciences for European Southern Observatory|
Astronomy and Astrophysics is a peer-reviewed scientific journal covering theoretical, observational, and instrumental astronomy and astrophysics. It is one of the premier journals for astronomy in the world. The journal is published by EDP Sciences in 16 issues per year. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Forveille (Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers de Grenoble). Previous editors in chief include Claude Bertout, James Lequeux, Michael Grewing, and Catherine Cesarsky.
Astronomy and Astrophysics was formed in 1969 by the merging of several national journals of individual European countries into one comprehensive publication. These journals, with their ISSN and date of first publication are as follows:
- Annales d'Astrophysique ISSN 0365-0499 (France), established in 1938
- Arkiv för Astronomi ISSN 0004-2048 (Sweden), established in 1948
- Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands ISSN 0365-8910 (Netherlands), established in 1921
- Bulletin Astronomique ISSN 0245-9787 (France), established in 1884
- Journal des Observateurs ISSN 0368-3389 (France), established in 1915
- Zeitschrift für Astrophysik ISSN 0372-8331 (Germany), established in 1930
The publishing of Astronomy and Astrophysics was further extended in 1992 by the incorporation of Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of Czechoslovakia, established in 1947. Astronomy and Astrophysics initially published articles in either English, French, or German, but articles in French and German were always few and were eventually discontinued.
Sponsoring countries 
The original sponsoring countries were the four countries whose journals merged to form Astronomy and Astrophysics (France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden), together with Belgium, Denmark, Finland, and Norway. The European Southern Observatory also participated as a "member country". Norway later withdrew, but Austria, Greece, Italy, Spain, and Switzerland all joined. The Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia all joined as new members in the 1990s. In 2001 the words "A European Journal" were removed from the front cover in recognition of the fact that the journal was becoming increasingly global in scope, and in 2002 Argentina was admitted as an "observer". In 2004 the Board of Directors decided that the journal "will henceforth consider applications for sponsoring membership from any country in the world with well-documented active and excellent astronomical research". Argentina became the first non-European country to gain full membership in 2005. Brazil, Chile, and Portugal all gained "observer" status at this time and have since progressed to full membership.
All Letters to the Editor and all articles published in the online sections (Atomic, molecular, and nuclear data - Astronomical instrumentation - Catalogs and data - Numerical methods and codes) of the journal are in immediate full open access at no cost to the authors. Articles in the other sections of the journal are made freely available 24 months after publication (delayed open-access model), through the publisher's site and via the Astrophysics Data System, and in both their HTML and PDF versions. A&A also provides authors with the option to pay for an open access fee, allowing immediate free access by anyone without charge (hybrid open-access model). A&A additionally encouragesself-archiving by authors on personal webpages, in institutional repositories, and on the arXiv server. Authors based in one of the sponsoring countries are not charged for publishing in A&A, while those based in other countries are charged a per-page publication fee. Authors assign copyright to the European Southern Observatory, which allows the journal to liberally grants licences to reuse article material after its publication.
Abstracting and indexing 
- Astrophysics Data System
- Chemical Abstracts Service - CASSI
- Computer & Control Abstracts
- Electrical & Electronics Abstracts
- Physics Abstracts
- Nuclear science abstracts
- Science Citation Index
- Current Contents/Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
- Physics Abstracts
- Zentralblatt MATH
- Astronomy and Astrophysics has a 2011 impact factor of 4.587.
See also 
- LCCN 74-220573. Library of Congress. 2010.
- History and purpose of A&A journal. S.R. Pottasch. EDP Sciences. 2012.
- List of indexing databases for this journal, and bibliographic information. [format:Journal&offset=1&max=14 "Library catalog"]. National Library of Australia. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- "Astronomy and Astrophysics - Journal Information". EDP Sciences. Retrieved 2013-04-23.
- List of Thomson Reuters indexing services that list this journal. "Master Journal List". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- "Abstracting and indexing". EDP Sciences. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
- SIMBAD astronomical database. Access date - January 27, 2011
- "2011 Impact Factor (July 2012)" (online webpage). EDP Sciences (France). Retrieved 2013-04-23. "The Astronomy & Astrophysics ISI impact factor for 2011 is 4.587. Astronomy & Astrophysics articles were cited 90,096 times in 2011."