Asuri language

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Native to India
Ethnicity Asur
Native speakers
17,000  (2001)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 asr
Glottolog asur1254[2]

Asuri is a minor Munda language of India. It is a member of the Austro-Asiatic family, spoken by the Asur people.[3] Asuri has many Dravidian loanwords due to contact with Kurukh.[4]

Ethnologue states that Birjia is a dialect of Asuri, but also that there is a related language Birjia; it is not clear if these refer to the same thing. Majhwar is unclassified, but based on location and other clues, it may turn out to be a dialect of Asuri. If so, its 35,000 speakers (reported in 1995, out of an ethnic group of 175,000) would make it the most populous form of Asuri. However, Anderson (2008:195), based on Prasad (1961:314), suggests that Birjia (Binjhia) may in fact be an Indo-Aryan language, even though the Birjia are an ethnic subgroup of the Asuri tribe, along with the Asur proper and the Agariya.


  1. ^ Asuri at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Asuri". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Chaudhuri, Sarit Kumar & Chaudhuri, Sucheta Sen (2005). Primitive Tribes in Contemporary India: Concept, Ethnography and Demography, Volume 1, pp.50-59. Mittal Publications. ISBN 8183240267 [1]
  4. ^ Prasad, Narmadeshwar (1961). Land and People of Tribal Bihar, p.305. Bihar Tribal Research Institute, Government of Bihar