|Other names (Eng.)||The Prohibition, THe Forbidding|
A common feature of the Quran recitation are circular patterns which emerge from within the wider narrative. In surah 66 At-Tahrim we find an A B C D X D' C' B' A' chiasm or concentric looping substructure centred on verse 8 emerging from the discord between the Prophet and his wives mentioned in verses 1-4.
A (Verse 1-4) : The new wife and source of disagreement in verse 1-4 is called Maria and her name and the mention of the Angel Gabriel is reflected in the angelic apparition to Mary, mother of Jesus, in verse 12.
B (verse 5) : Wives believing and obedient, penitent, worshiping, and given to fasting, be they previously married is reflected in the wife of Pharaoh in verse 11 the exemplar of women of faith.
C (verse 6) : Save your family from a fire whose fuel is men and stones is reflected in God's command to Lot in verse 10 which exemplifies the disbelieving women.
D (verse 7) : The punishment for disbelief is reflected in the refuge of Hell in verse 9.
X (verse 8) : The central motif stressing three themes of forgiveness, paradise and light.
D' (verse 9) : Unbelievers and hypocrites in the abode of Hell
C' (verse 10) : Disbelieving wives of Prophet's Lot and Noah exemplified.
B' (verse 11) : Believing women exemplified in Asia the wife of Pharaoh.
A' (verse 12): Mary exemplifies the angelic nature of obedient women.
- Surah At-Tahrim (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
|Sura 66||Next sura: