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Atambua is located in Indonesia Timor
Coordinates: 9°6′22″S 124°53′33″E / 9.10611°S 124.89250°E / -9.10611; 124.89250Coordinates: 9°6′22″S 124°53′33″E / 9.10611°S 124.89250°E / -9.10611; 124.89250
Country Indonesia
Province East Nusa Tenggara
Regency Belu
 • Total 32.8 km2 (12.7 sq mi)
Elevation 350 m (1,150 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 72.373
 • Metro density 1.288/km2 (3.34/sq mi)
Time zone WITA (UTC+8)

Atambua is seat capital of Belu Regency, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. The town is preparing to be a City Council this year. The town stretches as far as 8.5 km from North to South and 5 km from East to West, and is located in the north of the western half of Timor Island. The town is located at an altitude of about 350 m above sea level with temperatures ranging between 25-37 degrees Celsius making this area feel quite warm.

In September 1999, 250,000 refugees arrived here from East Timor, after their vote for independence and the following violence. As late as 2002 there was an estimated 60,000 refugees left in camps.[1]

The town is home to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Atambua. The Diocese's population is over 95% Catholic, among the highest percentages of Catholics in all of Indonesia.


There are many schools in Atambua, which are:

  • Atambua Catholic Elementary School no. 1 (SDK Atambua 1)
  • Atambua Catholic Elementary School no. 2 (SDK Atambua 2)
  • Atambua Protestantism Elementary School no. 3 (SD Gmit Atambua 3)
  • Atambua 1st Junior High School (SMP Negeri 1 Atambua)
  • Atambua 2nd Junior High School (SMP Negeri 2 Atambua)
  • Atambua 3rd Junior High School (SMP Negeri 3 Atambua)
  • Atambua 1st Senior High School (SMA Negeri 1 Atambua)
  • Atambua 2nd Senior High School (SMA Negeri 2 Atambua)
  • Atambua 1st Vocational High School (SMK Negeri 1 Atambua)

Transportation Systems[edit]

The town's transport system relies mainly on minibuses, usually called bemo or mikrolet, and motorcycles provide an alternative. The motorcycles are usually called ojek. There are only four routes in the town served by the Mikrolets that connect Atambua's main points. The ojeks do not have a fixed route.

Land Transportation[edit]

Inter-city buses connect Atambua with other towns in West Timor. The city and towns that can be connected are Kupang, Soe and Kefamenanu; the distance between Atambua and Kefamenanu is 87 km, between Atambua and Soe is 179 km, and between Atambua and Kupang is 289 km. Atambua is a major gateway to East Timor by land. To go to East Timor (Timor-Leste), the vehicles usually used by road to Indonesia-East Timor (Timor-Leste) Immigration checks in Motaain (Indonesia) near Batugade are mostly with Bus, Car (such as SUVs and MPVs and Motorcycles. The distance between Atambua and Motaain (Indonesia-Timor Leste borders) is 36 km.

Air Transportation[edit]

There is an airport in Atambua, A. A. Bere Talo Airport, about 5 kilometers from the town centre. The airport's runway is 1600m long and can therefore be used by a quite big aircraft. Daily flights to the airport is used by the Susi Air plane, Lion Air plane, Wings Air plane, Trans Nusa and Batik Air plane. All these flights are mainly on the Atambua - Kupang route, but for Batik Air, Wings Air, and Lion Air, it can connect to other airport such as Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, and others.

Water Transportation[edit]

Atambua also has two sea ports, Atapupu for cargo and oil, and Teluk Gurita for passengers (ferry port). Ferry routes are Atambua-Kalabahi (Alor), once a week.


  1. ^ East Timor's refugees head home, BBC April 11, 2002