Atami, Shizuoka

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Atami
熱海市
City
Beach in Atami City with sea bathers
Beach in Atami City with sea bathers
Flag of Atami
Flag
Official seal of Atami
Seal
Location of Atami in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Atami in Shizuoka Prefecture
Atami is located in Japan
Atami
Atami
 
Coordinates: 35°06′N 139°4′E / 35.100°N 139.067°E / 35.100; 139.067Coordinates: 35°06′N 139°4′E / 35.100°N 139.067°E / 35.100; 139.067
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Prefecture Shizuoka Prefecture
Government
 • - Mayor Sakae Saitō
Area
 • Total 61.61 km2 (23.79 sq mi)
Population (June 2012)
 • Total 38,879
 • Density 631/km2 (1,630/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Sakura
- Flower Ume
- Bird Common Gull
Phone number 0557-86-6000
Address 1-1 Chūō-chō, Atami-shi, Shizuoka-ken 413-8550
Website www.city.atami.shizuoka.jp
View of Atami

Atami (熱海市 Atami-shi?) is a city located in the eastern end of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of June 2012, the city has an estimated population of 38,871 and a population density of 631 people per km². The total area is 61.61 km2 (23.79 square miles).

Geography[edit]

Atami is located in the far eastern corner of Shizuoka Prefecture at the northern end of Izu Peninsula. The city is set on the steep slopes of a partially submerged volcanic caldera on the edge of Sagami Bay. The name literally means "hot ocean", a reference to the town's famous onsen hot springs. The city includes the offshore island of Hatsushima. Most of Atami is located within the Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Warmed by the Kuroshio Current offshore, the area is noted for its moderate maritime climate with hot, humid summers, and short winters.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Shizuoka Prefecture

Kanagawa Prefecture

History[edit]

Atami has been noted as a resort town centered on its hot springs since the 8th century AD. In the Kamakura period, Minamoto Yoritomo and Hōjō Masako were noted visitors. During the Edo period, all of Izu Province was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. During the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period in 1889, Atami village was organized within Kamo District, Shizuoka. It was elevated to town status on June 11, 1894, and was transferred to the administrative control of Tagata District, Shizuoka in 1896.

The epicenter of the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923 was deep beneath Izu Ōshima Island in Sagami Bay, close to Atami, which suffered considerable damage, as did other municipalities throughout the surrounding Kantō region.[1] The tsunami wave height reached 35 feet at Atami, swamping the town and drowning three hundred people.[2]

Inside Atami's MOA Museum of Art

The modern city of Atami was founded on April 10, 1937 through the merger of Atami Town with neighboring Taga Village. After the proclamation of Atami as an "International Tourism and Culture City" by the Japanese government in 1950, the area experienced rapid growth in large resort hotel development. This was further encouraged by making Atami a stop on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed train line in 1964. In concert with its famous onsen, Atami was known for its onsen geisha. Atami experienced a considerable decline in popularity as a vacation destination due to the Japanese economic crisis in the 1990s and the associated fall in large group company-sponsored vacations, but is currently experiencing a revival as a bedroom community due to its proximity to Tokyo and Yokohama.

The Inagawa-kai, the third largest of Japan's Yakuza groups, was founded here in 1949 as the Inagawa-gumi (稲川組?) by Kakuji Inagawa.[3]

The 24th Congress of the Japanese Communist Party was held at Atami in January 2006.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Atami is heavily dependent on the tourist industry to its hot spring resorts.[4] Commercial fishing is a major secondary industry.

Transport[edit]

Rail[edit]

Highways[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Atami is twinned with:

Notable people from Atami[edit]

Culture[edit]

Much of the extensive art collection of eccentric multimillionaire and religious leader Mokichi Okada is now housed in the MOA Museum of Art in Atami.

Atami is also notable for having a Peace Pagoda, built by Nipponzan- Myohoji Daisangha in 1961.

In films[edit]

In the 1953 film Tokyo Story the parents visit the hot springs in Atami. Atami is the setting of the TV drama Atami no Sousakan. It also appears in the 1954 film "Golden Demon" (Konjiki Yasha) as the resort spot between two characters proposed to get married.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hammer, Joshua. (2006). Yokohama Burning: the Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II, p. 278.
  2. ^ Hammer, p. 114.
  3. ^ "1993 Police White Paper Chapter 1 : The Actual Condition of the Boryokudan", 1993, National Police Agency (Japanese)
  4. ^ Mansfield, Stephen, "Cultures mingle amid Atami's hot springs", Japan Times, 18 December 2011, p. 12.
  5. ^ '+relative_time(twitters[i].created_at)+' (2010-04-18). "Odagiri to star in "Atami no Sousakan"". Tokyograph. Retrieved 2013-03-25. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]