Atana

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For other uses, see Atana (disambiguation).

Atana is a raga (musical scale) in Carnatic music (South Indian classical music). It is a Janya raga (derived scale), whose Melakarta raga (parent, also known as janaka) is Shankarabharanam, 29th in the 72 Melakarta raga system.

It is considered to be a very catchy raga that gives a stage flavor for a musician when everything is going dull in a concert. It stimulates the audience by its qualities of Veeram (courage).[1]

Structure and Lakshana[edit]

Parent scale Shankarabharanam with Shadjam at C

Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure (ascending and descending scale) is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

The swaras used are chathusruthi rishabham, antara gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kakali nishadham. Atana is a bhashanga raga (kind of raga where the arohana and avarohana are not strictly followed). That is, it has two annyaswaras (alien notes; foreign swaras).[1] They are sadharana gandharam (G2) and kaisiki nishadham (N2).[1]

Popular Compositions[edit]

Here are some more compositions set to Atana.

Type Composition Composer Tala
Kriti Narada Gana Lola Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Ela nee daya radu Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Ilalo pranatarti harudanuchu Thyagaraja Adi
Kriti Brihaspathe taaraa pate Muthuswami Dikshitar Tisra Triputa
Kriti Amba nee iranga enil Papanasam Sivan Adi
Kriti Shree Mahaganapatim Bhajeham Jayachamaraja Wodeyar Bahadur Adi
Kriti Vaachaama gocharundani Mysore Sadasiva Rao Adi
Kriti Parama Pavani Annaswamy Sastri Adi
Devotional Tirumal Nam Perumal Manachanallur Giridharan Aegam
Film Song Yar Tharuvar Indha Ariyasanam K V Mahadevan Adi
Kriti sakala graha bala nine Purandara Dasa Khanda chapu

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications