A view of the plain near Dikili from the site of Atarneus
|Location||Dikili, Izmir Province, Turkey|
|Associated with||Hermias, Proxenus|
Atarneus (//; Greek: Ἀταρνεύς Atarneus) was an ancient Greek city in the region of Aeolis, Asia Minor. It lies on the mainland opposite the island of Lesbos, northeast of the town of Dikili in modern-day Turkey.
Atarneus flowered in the 4th century BC, when it was the seat of government of Hermias of Atarneus, ruling over the area from Atarneus to Assos. The city was deserted by inhabitants in the 1st century AD, possibly following an outbreak of an unknown epidemic.
The city is known by many for its association with the life of Aristotle. After the death of his father, Aristotle was cared for and educated by Proxenus of Atarneus, possibly an uncle of his. At the Academy Aristotle made friends with Hermias, who was later to become the ruler of Atarneus. Indeed, after the death of Plato, Aristotle went to stay with Hermias, subsequently marrying Hermias's niece Pythia.
- Foss, C., S. Mitchell, G. Reger, R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 550470 (Atarneus sub Pitanem)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 10, 2012.