Atatürk Cultural Center
Atatürk Cultural Center (1969-1977) (Turkish: Atatürk Kültür Merkezi) is in Istanbul, also simply called AKM. As the focal point of Taksim Square it is not only a multi-purpose cultural center and opera house, but an icon of Istanbul. The AKM is considered an important example of Turkish architecture from the 1960s.
A fire on November 27, 1970 during a performance required the complex to undergo significant repairs. The center has been closed since 2008, when a major refurbishment to bring the building up to date before Istanbul took over the title of European Capital of Culture in 2010. The AKM is a model of environmentally friendly preservation. The main visible addition are the louvers onto the aluminum facade as part of the energy-saving design strategy. The modernization works were designed by renowned Turkish architecture firm Tabanlıoğlu Mimarlık.
The complex comprises the "Grand Stage", a hall with a 1,307 seat capacity hosting theater acts of Turkish State Theatres and performances of the Turkish State Opera and Ballet, and the "Concert Hall", a second hall with a capacity of 502 seats for concerts, meetings and conferences as well as an exhibition hall of 1,200 m² at the entrance. There are also the "Chamber Theatre" with 296 seats, "Aziz Nesin Stage" with 190 seats and a cinema hall with 206 seats.
Until 2008, the center has been the home to the
- Istanbul State Symphony Orchestra and Choir (İstanbul Devlet Senfoni Orkestrası ve Korosu),
- Istanbul State Modern Folk Music Ensemble (İstanbul Devlet Modern Halk Müziği Topluluğu) and
- Istanbul State Classical Turkish Music Choir (İstanbul Devlet Klasik Türk Müziği Korosu).
During the summer and Information months, AKM has hosted the Istanbul Arts and Culture Festival.
- "1960's (Turkish Architecture in the Republican Period)". ArchMuseum.org. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- Arkitera website in English
- Plans for Gezi Park. BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2013
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