Atatürk Olympic Stadium

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Atatürk Olympic Stadium
Atatürk Olimpiyat.jpg
Full name Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadyumu
Location Başakşehir, Istanbul, Turkey
Owner Republic of Turkey
Executive suites 34
Capacity 80,597 (2002–2005)
76,092 (2005–present)[2]
Record attendance 79,414 (GalatasarayOlympiacos, 31 July 2002)[3]
Field size 105 x 68 m
Surface Grass
Scoreboard 2 x 80m² [4]
Construction
Broke ground 28 November 1997[5]
Built 1997–2002
Opened 31 July 2002; 12 years ago (2002-07-31)
Renovated 2005
Construction cost $140 million
($184 million in 2015 dollars[6])[7]
Architect Michel Macary
Aymeric Zublena
Tenants
İstanbul BB (2007–2014)
Galatasaray S.K. (2003–2004)
Turkey national football team
Beşiktaş J.K. (2013–present)

Atatürk Olympic Stadium (Turkish: Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı, pronounced [aˈtaˌtyɾc]) located in İkitelli, a district in the western outskirts of Istanbul, is the largest-capacity stadium of Turkey. The stadium is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. Its construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2002. It was built for Turkey's failed bid for the 2008 Olympic Games that were ultimately awarded to Beijing. It cost about 140 million USD.[8]

With its 76,092 (all-seater) capacity and Olympic size, it was granted the "5-star sports complex" title by the UEFA in 2004, enabling it to host the finals of UEFA events. The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final between Milan and Liverpool was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium on 25 May 2005. The stadium is also certified by the IAAF and IOC as a first-class venue for track and field, and has hosted several European athletic competitions.

Galatasaray played its home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium during the 2003–2004 football season, due to the renovation of their own venue, the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, and this was criticized by other teams. Galatasaray eventually returned to Ali Sami Yen for the 2004–2005 season, but played 2006–2007 UEFA Champions League group stage matches at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium. Sivasspor also played some of its Süper Lig home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium due to the bad weather conditions in their original hometown stadium. Istanbul BB, also of the Süper Lig, play all their home games in the venue. Beşiktaş will use the arena to play their home games for the 2014-15 season, with their reasoning being the same as Galatasaray's, with their own ground, the Vodafone Arena, scheduled to undergo renovation.

Design and construction[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium was originally conceived for the city's 2008 Olympic Games bid.

The stadium's two steel roofs (weighing 2,800 t and 1,300 t) were produced by Tekfen's Steel Structure Fabrication Plant in Ceyhan, Adana. The west roof, designed in the form of a crescent and principally composed of a 1,000 t main beam called mega-truss, is supported by two reinforced concrete shafts with 196 m span.

With its 134 entrances and 148 exit gates, the Olympic Stadium allows 80,000 spectators to evacuate within 7.5 minutes, in case of an emergency. Two annex fields (for warm up / training purposes) are connected directly to the Olympic Stadium with an underground tunnel.

The Olympic Stadium's technical infrastructure and design ensure optimal visibility from all stands; a homogeneous sound level (102 decibels) with modern speaker systems, and a 1,400 lux illumination covering all areas of the stadium.

A 42,200 m2 commercial center is situated under the west roof, with a front facade length of 450 m and a total of 6 floors (3 floors below ground level.)

Facts[9][edit]

  • Excavation & Backfilling: 3,700,000 m3
  • Micropiles: 2,240 units
  • Concrete (cast in-situ): 60,000 m3
  • Concrete (precast): 11,000 m3
  • Reinforcement: 7,400 t
  • Prestressing & Cable Stays: 40 t
  • Steel Structures: 5,400 t
  • Roofing & Cladding: 52,000 m2
  • Pavement: 90,000 m2
  • 42,200 m2 commercial / facility building,
  • Amphi-theatre with 300 seats capacity,
  • Two elevated car parks with total capacity of 400 vehicles,
  • 36 private-view lodges each fully equipped with a TV set, meeting table, comfortable arm chair(s) and a (drink / snack) bar with high bar stools,
  • Each zone has its own access points, refreshment, first-aid and toilet facilities,
  • All zone separators comply with the latest international safety standards.

Renovation[edit]

2005 UEFA Champions League Final[edit]

The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game between AC Milan and Liverpool F.C. was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium.

From 2002 to 2005 the stadium had a capacity of 80,597 (all-seater). This was later reduced to 76,092 (all-seater) by removing the seats from where it was not possible to see the entire pitch, prior to the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game between AC Milan and Liverpool F.C., which was played on 25 May 2005.

Concerts[edit]

U2 360° Tour[edit]

On 6 September 2010, the renowned Irish rock band U2 gave a concert at the stadium which reportedly attracted 54,278 fans, as a part of their U2 360° Tour, the opening act of which was performed by the group Snow Patrol.[10]

Records[edit]

Attendance Records
Rank Attendance Date Game
1 79,414[11] 31 July 2002 Galatasaray SKOlympiacos CFP
2 77,512[12] 22 September 2013 Beşiktaş JKGalatasaray SK
3 72,059[13] 25 May 2005 AC MilanLiverpool F.C.
4 71,334[14] 21 September 2003 Galatasaray SKFenerbahçe SK
5 71,230[15] 12 September 2006 Galatasaray SKFC Girondins de Bordeaux
6 66,300[16] 13 August 2003 Galatasaray SKPFC CSKA
7 65,110[17] 19 March 2015 Beşiktaş JKClub Brugge KV
8 63,324[18] 26 February 2015 Beşiktaş JKLiverpool F.C.
9 62,620[19] 9 August 2003 Galatasaray SKDiyarbakırspor
10 60,747[20] 29 August 2013 Beşiktaş J.K.Tromsø IL

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tekfen Construction
  2. ^ Turkish Football Federation (TFF)
  3. ^ [1] 2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook
  4. ^ www.ortana.com
  5. ^ Tekfen Construction
  6. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  7. ^ Tekfen Construction
  8. ^ Tekfen Construction
  9. ^ Tekfen Construction
  10. ^ "U2'dan unutulmaz konser". Sabah (in Turkish). 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2010-09-07. 
  11. ^ [2] 2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook
  12. ^ "İşte derbi ile ilgili gerçek rakamlar". haber1903. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  13. ^ Istanbul 2020 Olympic bid book Istanbul 2020 Olympic bid book
  14. ^ [3] Galatasaray Magazine, 100th anniversary poster
  15. ^ [4] UEFA Technical report 2006-2007
  16. ^ [5] Milliyet Newspaper archive, 14.08.2013, page 27
  17. ^ [6] UEFA.com
  18. ^ [7] UEFA facebook page
  19. ^ [8] Milliyet Newspaper archive, 10.08.2013, page 31
  20. ^ amk Spor match report

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Arena AufSchalke
Gelsenkirchen
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

2005
Succeeded by
Stade de France
St-Denis

Coordinates: 41°04′28.10″N 28°45′56.53″E / 41.0744722°N 28.7657028°E / 41.0744722; 28.7657028