Atatürk Olympic Stadium

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Atatürk Olympic Stadium
Atatürk Olimpiyat.jpg
Full name Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadyumu
Location Başakşehir, Istanbul, Turkey
Broke ground 28 November 1997[1]
Built 1997–2002
Opened 31 July 2002; 11 years ago (2002-07-31)
Renovated 2005
Owner Republic of Turkey
Surface Grass
Scoreboard yes
Construction cost $140 million
($184 million in 2014 dollars[2])[3]
Architect Michel Macary
Aymeric Zublena
Capacity 80,597 (2002–2005)
76,092 (2005–present)[4]
Executive suites 34
Record attendance

79,414 (Galatasaray - Olympiacos, 31 July 2002)[5]

77,512 - Turkish Domestic Football History Record;
(Beşiktaş - Galatasaray, 22 September 2013)[6][7]
Field dimensions 105 x 68 m
Tenants
Istanbul BB (2007–present)
Galatasaray S.K. (2003–2004)
Turkey national football team
Besiktas J.K. (Derbies Only) (2013-present)

Atatürk Olympic Stadium (Turkish: Atatürk Olimpiyat Stadı, pronounced [ataˈtyɾc]) located in İkitelli, a district in the western outskirts of Istanbul, is the largest-capacity stadium of Turkey. The stadium is named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. Its construction began in 1999 and was completed in 2002. It was built for Turkey's failed bid for the 2008 Olympic Games that were ultimately awarded to Beijing. It cost about 140 million USD.[8]

With its 76,092 (all-seater) capacity and Olympic size, it was granted the "5-star sports complex" title by the UEFA in 2004, enabling it to host the finals of UEFA events. The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final between A.C. Milan and Liverpool F.C. was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium on 25 May 2005. The stadium is also certified by the IAAF and IOC as a first-class venue for track and field, and has hosted several European athletic competitions.

Galatasaray SK played its home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium during the 2003–2004 football season, due to the renovation of their own venue, the Ali Sami Yen Stadium, and this was criticized by other teams. Galatasaray eventually returned to Ali Sami Yen for the 2004–2005 season, but played 2006–2007 UEFA Champions League group stage matches at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium. Sivasspor also played some of its Süper Lig home games at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium due to the bad weather conditions in their original hometown stadium. Istanbul BB, also of the Süper Lig, play all their home games in the venue.

Design and construction[edit]

Istanbul Atatürk Olympic Stadium was originally conceived for the city's 2008 Olympic Games bid.

The stadium's two steel roofs (weighing 2,800 t and 1,300 t) were produced by Tekfen's Steel Structure Fabrication Plant in Ceyhan, Adana. The west roof, designed in the form of a crescent and principally composed of a 1,000 t main beam called mega-truss, is supported by two reinforced concrete shafts with 196 m span.

With its 134 entrances and 148 exit gates, the Olympic Stadium allows 80,000 spectators to evacuate within 7.5 minutes, in case of an emergency. Two annex fields ( for warm up / training purposes) are connected directly to the Olympic Stadium with an underground tunnel.

The Olympic Stadium's technical infrastructure and design ensure optimal visibility from all stands; a homogeneous sound level (102 decibels) with modern speaker systems, and a 1,400 lux illumination covering all areas of the stadium.

A 42,200 m2 commercial center is situated under the west roof, with a front facade length of 450 m and a total of 6 floors (3 floors below ground level.)

Facts[9][edit]

  • Excavation & Backfilling: 3,700,000 m3
  • Micropiles: 2,240 units
  • Concrete (cast in-situ): 60,000 m3
  • Concrete (precast): 11,000 m3
  • Reinforcement: 7,400 t
  • Prestressing & Cable Stays: 40 t
  • Steel Structures: 5,400 t
  • Roofing & Cladding: 52,000 m2
  • Pavement: 90,000 m2
  • 42,200 m2 commercial / facility building,
  • Amphi-theatre with 300 seats capacity,
  • Two elevated car parks with total capacity of 400 vehicles,
  • 36 private-view lodges each fully equipped with a TV set, meeting table, comfortable arm chair(s) and a (drink / snack) bar with high bar stools,
  • Each zone has its own access points, refreshment, first-aid and toilet facilities,
  • All zone separators comply with the latest international safety standards.

Renovation[edit]

2005 UEFA Champions League Final[edit]

The 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game between AC Milan and Liverpool FC was played at the Atatürk Olympic Stadium.

From 2002 to 2005 the stadium had a capacity of 80,597 (all-seater). This was later reduced to 76,092 (all-seater) by removing the seats from where it was not possible to see the entire pitch, prior to the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final game between AC Milan and Liverpool FC, which was played on 25 May 2005.

UEFA Euro 2016 plans[edit]

To meet all requirements of the UEFA for being able to organize the Euro 2016 football championship, the authorities will undertake major reconstruction works on this stadium starting from early 2011. Increasing the stadium's capacity will enable over 90,000 spectators to enjoy the matches of the UEFA Euro 2016 in what will become the world's largest stadium with every seat under cover. To increase the net and gross capacity to 81,106 and 94,555[10] respectively, the pitch will be lowered by 2.15 metres. In order to provide better convenience for the VIP guests and the media, all existing hospitality areas at levels 3 and 4 will be extended. Furthermore, 12 new boxes will be added to the west stand and 32 to the east stand in order to add to the current number of 36 skyboxes; this will provide a total of 80 skyboxes after the reconstruction.[11]

Concerts[edit]

U2 360° Tour[edit]

On 6 September 2010, the renowned Irish rock band U2 gave a concert at the stadium which reportedly attracted 54,278 fans, as a part of their U2 360° Tour, the opening act of which was performed by the group Snow Patrol.[12]

Records[edit]

Attendance Records
Rank Attendance Date Game
1 79,414[13] 31 July 2002 Galatasaray SKOlympiacos CFP
2 77.512[14] 22 September 2013 Beşiktaş JKGalatasaray SK
3 72,059[15] 25 May 2005 AC MilanLiverpool FC
4 71,334[16] 21 September 2003 Galatasaray SKFenerbahçe SK
5 71,230[17] 12 September 2006 Galatasaray SKFC Girondins de Bordeaux
6 66,300[18] 13 August 2003 Galatasaray SKPFC CSKA
7 62,620[19] 9 August 2003 Galatasaray SKDiyarbakırspor
8 60,747[20] 29 August 2013 Beşiktaş J.K.Tromsø IL
9 58,617[21][22] 30 September 2003 Galatasaray SKReal Sociedad
10 54,278 6 September 2010 U2 360° Tour

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tekfen Construction
  2. ^ Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  3. ^ Tekfen Construction
  4. ^ Turkish Football Federation (TFF)
  5. ^ [1] 2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook
  6. ^ "Atatürk Olimpiyat'ta Seyirci Rekoru!". Milliyet. 2013-09-22. Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  7. ^ "İşte derbi ile ilgili gerçek rakamlar". haber1903. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  8. ^ Tekfen Construction
  9. ^ Tekfen Construction
  10. ^ [2] JSK Architects
  11. ^ Official website for Turkey's Euro 2016 bid: The Atatürk Olympic Stadium in Istanbul
  12. ^ "U2'dan unutulmaz konser". Sabah (in Turkish). 2010-09-07. Retrieved 2010-09-07. 
  13. ^ [3] 2006-07 UEFA CL Statistics handbook
  14. ^ "İşte derbi ile ilgili gerçek rakamlar". haber1903. Retrieved 25 September 2013. 
  15. ^ Istanbul 2020 Olympic bid book Istanbul 2020 Olympic bid book
  16. ^ [4] Galatasaray Magazine, 100th anniversary poster
  17. ^ [5] UEFA Technical report 2006-2007
  18. ^ [6] Milliyet Newspaper archive, 14.08.2013, page 27
  19. ^ [7] Milliyet Newspaper archive, 10.08.2013, page 31
  20. ^ amk Spor match report
  21. ^ [8] Statbunker.com Galatasaray-Sociedad match report
  22. ^ [9] fussballtempel.net Attendances 2003-2004

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Arena AufSchalke
Gelsenkirchen
UEFA Champions League
Final Venue

2005
Succeeded by
Stade de France
St-Denis

Coordinates: 41°04′28.10″N 28°45′56.53″E / 41.0744722°N 28.7657028°E / 41.0744722; 28.7657028