Ataur Rahman Khan

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Not to be confused with Khan Ataur Rahman. ‹See Tfd›
Ataur Rahman Khan
আতাউর রহমান খান
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
In office
30 March 1984 – 9 July 1986
President Hossain Mohammad Ershad
Preceded by Shah Azizur Rahman
Succeeded by Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury
Personal details
Born 1907
Balia, Bengal Presidency, British India
(now Dhaka, Bangladesh)
Died 7 December 1991 (aged 83–84)
Dhaka, Bangladesh
Political party Jatiya Party (1984–1991)
Other political
affiliations
All-India Muslim League (Before 1949)
Awami League (1949–1984)
Alma mater Jagannath University
University of Dhaka
Religion Islam
Rally at Dhaka 21 Feb 1954

Ataur Rahman Khan (Bengali: আতাউর রহমান খান; 1907–1991) was a Bangladeshi lawyer, politician and writer, and served as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 30 March 1984 to 1 January 1985.[1]

Early Life

Khan, Ataur Rahman (1907–1991) lawyer, politician and writer. Ataur Rahman Khan was born in 1907 at village Balia under Dhamrai thana of Dhaka district. He passed Matriculation examination from Pogose School in Dhaka (1924), FA examination from Jagannath College (1927), and obtained BA (Hons) degree from the Dhaka university in 1930. Having obtained B.L degree (1936) from the Dhaka University he joined the Dhaka District bar in 1937. Ataur Rahman Khan joined the judicial service as a munseef in 1942, but after two years left the job to return to the bar (1944).

Entering politics

Ataur Rahman Khan began his career in politics as an activist of the Krishak Praja Samiti. He was secretary of the Dhaka district unit of the Party in 1934-35 AD. He joined the MUSLIM LEAGUE in 1944, and was a member of the Dhaka district committee and vice president of the Manikganj Sub-divisional unit committee of the Party.

Floating the Awami Muslim League

Ataur Rahman had played a substantial role in floating the Awami Muslim League (1949), and had been the vice president of the party since its inception till 1964.

As a member of the Sarbadaliya Rastrabhasa Karma-parisad he played a vital role in piloting the LANGUAGE MOVEMENT, and was later elected convenor of the reconstituted working committee in March 1952.

The United Front

Ataur Rahman Khan was the joint secretary of the United Front formed for launching the 1954 general elections. He was elected a member of the East Bengal Legislative Assembly as a nominee of the Front. He was a member of the provincial cabinet of Sher-e-Bangla AK FAZLUL HUQ in charge of the Ministry of Civil Supplies. He was elected a member of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly in 1955. He was simultaneously the leader of the opposition parliamentary party in the provincial assembly (1955–56) and the deputy leader of the opposition parliamentary party in the constituent assembly.

Chief Minister of East Pakistan

Ataur Rahman Khan became the Chief Minister of East Pakistan in 1956 and continued to hold this position till the promulgation of martial law in the country in 1958. Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was a minister in his cabinet. As one of the leaders of National Democratic Front (NDF) formed under the leadership of Husein Shahid Suhrawardy in 1962 he played a vital role in the movement for the restoration of democracy in the country. He was elected president of the Dhaka High Court Bar Association in 1969 and a member of the bar council in 1970.

Floating the Jatiya League

Ataur Rahman Khan floated a new political party styled as Jatiya League in 1969, and was elected its president. During the WAR OF LIBERATION in 1971 he was arrested by the Pakistan occupation army, and was however released in September after confinement for five months. Ataur Rahman was elected a member of the Jatiyo Sangsad in 1973. He joined the BANGLADESH KRISHAK-SRAMIK AWAMI LEAGUE (BAKSAL) in 1975, and was made a member of its central committee. After the fall of BAKSAL Ataur Rahman revived his party Jatiya League in 1976. He was elected a member of the Jatiya Sangsad in 1979. Under his leadership the Jatiya League as a member of the seven party alliance took active part in the movement against the military rule of General Husian Muhammad Ershad.

Prime Minister

He eventually joined the cabinet of General Ershad with the belief that by being part of the government he would be able to direct it towards a more democratic agenda. He was made the Prime Minister in 1984 which office he held till 1 January 1985, when he resigned citing irreconcilable differences with General Ershad's style of administration.

Documenting the politics of his time

Ataur Rahman Khan has authored a number of books most noted of which are Ozaratir Dui Bachhar (1963), Svairacharer Dash Bachhar (1969), Pradan-mantritver Nai Mash (1987), Abaruddha Nai Mash (1990).

Death

Ataur Rahman Khan died in Dhaka on 7 December 1991 and is buried beside Parliament.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Shah Azizur Rahman
Prime Minister of Bangladesh
1984–1986
Succeeded by
Mizanur Rahman Chowdhury