Atchison County, Kansas

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Atchison County, Kansas
Atchison county kansas courthouse 1974.jpg
Atchison County Courthouse in Atchison
Map of Kansas highlighting Atchison County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded August 25, 1855
Named for David Rice Atchison
Seat Atchison
Largest city Atchison
Area
 • Total 434 sq mi (1,124 km2)
 • Land 431 sq mi (1,116 km2)
 • Water 2.6 sq mi (7 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 16,924
 • Density 39/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website AtchisonCountyKS.org

Coordinates: 39°32′N 95°18′W / 39.533°N 95.300°W / 39.533; -95.300

Atchison County (county code AT) is a county located in northeastern Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 16,924.[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Atchison.[2] The county is named in honor of David Rice Atchison, a United States Senator from Missouri.[3]

Atchison County comprises the Atchison, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Kansas City-Overland Park-Kansas City, MO-KS Combined Statistical Area.

Law and government[edit]

Atchison County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 434 square miles (1,120 km2), of which 431 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (0.6%) is water.[5] It is the fourth-smallest county by area in Kansas.

On July 4, 1804, to mark Independence Day, the Lewis and Clark Expedition named Independence Creek (River) located near the city of Atchison (see Timeline of the Lewis and Clark Expedition).

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Sources: National Atlas,[6] U.S. Census Bureau[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 7,729
1870 15,507 100.6%
1880 26,668 72.0%
1890 26,758 0.3%
1900 28,606 6.9%
1910 28,107 −1.7%
1920 23,411 −16.7%
1930 23,945 2.3%
1940 22,222 −7.2%
1950 21,496 −3.3%
1960 20,898 −2.8%
1970 19,165 −8.3%
1980 18,397 −4.0%
1990 16,932 −8.0%
2000 16,774 −0.9%
2010 16,924 0.9%
Est. 2013 16,749 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,[12] there were 16,774 people, 6,275 households, and 4,279 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km²). There were 6,818 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.62% White, 5.32% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.

There were 6,275 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.30% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.80% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 11.30% from 18 to 24, 24.50% from 25 to 44, 21.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,355, and the median income for a family was $40,614. Males had a median income of $29,481 versus $20,485 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,207. About 7.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Atchison County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Atchison County is divided into eight townships. The city of Atchison is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Benton 06150 Effingham 1,076 7 (18) 156 (60) 0 (0) 0.25% 39°30′20″N 95°23′37″W / 39.50556°N 95.39361°W / 39.50556; -95.39361
Center 11550 676 5 (13) 139 (54) 0 (0) 0.15% 39°28′52″N 95°16′54″W / 39.48111°N 95.28167°W / 39.48111; -95.28167
Grasshopper 28225 Muscotah 588 3 (9) 170 (66) 1 (0) 0.52% 39°35′12″N 95°30′4″W / 39.58667°N 95.50111°W / 39.58667; -95.50111
Kapioma 36100 271 2 (6) 123 (48) 0 (0) 0.05% 39°29′6″N 95°31′8″W / 39.48500°N 95.51889°W / 39.48500; -95.51889
Lancaster 38350 Lancaster 922 6 (15) 156 (60) 0 (0) 0.28% 39°35′56″N 95°18′38″W / 39.59889°N 95.31056°W / 39.59889; -95.31056
Mount Pleasant 48925 829 7 (17) 124 (48) 0 (0) 0.09% 39°29′17″N 95°11′3″W / 39.48806°N 95.18417°W / 39.48806; -95.18417
Shannon 64275 1,753 12 (32) 140 (54) 2 (1) 1.16% 39°35′15″N 95°9′26″W / 39.58750°N 95.15722°W / 39.58750; -95.15722
Walnut 74800 427 5 (12) 94 (36) 2 (1) 2.34% 39°27′55″N 95°5′3″W / 39.46528°N 95.08417°W / 39.46528; -95.08417
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Profile for Atchison County, Kansas". ePodunk. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ National Atlas
  7. ^ U.S. Census Bureau TIGER shape files
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 21, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Ingalls, Sheffield (1916). History of Atchison County, Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. p. 127. 
  14. ^ Ingalls, Sheffield (1916). History of Atchison County, Kansas. Standard Publishing Company. p. 85. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Official sites
Historical
Maps