Ateliosis

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Ateliosis or ateleiosis is a diagnosis used in the early 1900s to describe patients with short stature. Ateliosis literally means "failure to achieve perfection", and was used to describe proportional dwarfism.[1] The term was popularised by Hastings Gilford, who used the term to refer to forms of dwarfism associated with and without sexual maturation.[2]

Ateliosis was reported as early as 1904 in relation to progeria, a syndrome of premature aging.[3]

According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary it is, “dwarfism associated with anterior pituitary deficiencies and marked by essentially normal intelligence and proportions though often retarded sexual development”.[4] The physical characteristics include: normal facial features, childlike high pitched voice, proportioned body, and abnormal genitalia. Their mental development is normal to slightly delayed. Hastings Gilford originated the to describe patients with "continuous youth".[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merimee, T J (1 February 1974). "Isolated Growth Hormone Deficiency and Related Disorders". Annual Review of Medicine 25 (1): 137–142. doi:10.1146/annurev.me.25.020174.001033. 
  2. ^ "Low Birth Weight Dwarfism". Arch Dis Child 36 (190): 633–644. 1961. doi:10.1136/adc.36.190.633. PMC 2012814. 
  3. ^ Gilford H; Shepherd, RC (1904). "Ateleiosis and progeria: continuous youth and premature old age". British Medical Journal 2 (5157): 914–8. PMC 1990667. PMID 14409225. 
  4. ^ "Ateliosis." Merriam Webster.com. N.p.,n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2010.
  5. ^ Worster-Drought C.,Archer BW. "A Case of Ateleiosis (Lorain’s Disease)." Proc R Soc Med 20.6 (1927): 771-773. PubMed. Web. 8 Mar. 2010.