Ateneo de Sevilla
The Ateneo de Sevilla, originally called "Excursions Ateneo and Society", is a cultural association in Seville founded in 1887 by D. Manuel Sales y Ferré. It became prominent in the early 20th century, and was known for its meetings of the 'Generation 27.'
Writers such as Juan Ramón Jiménez, José María Izquierdo and Joaquín Romero Murube were all members of the Ateneo de Sevilla. Jiménez, who came from his native city of Moguer to the city of Seville to pursue a degree in law and wrote Platero and I and The Diary of a Newlywed Poet, used to say that he became a writer and poet in the library of Ateneo de Sevilla. The association also included politicians such as Pedro Rodríguez de la Borbolla, Blas Infante, Diego Martinez Barrio and Miguel Bravo-Ferrer.
The popular Kings Parade, which emerged in the historically significant year of 1918, was an initiative of the Ateneo de Sevilla. The parade, organized by the Ateneo de Sevilla every year since, is a prominent event among the major festivals of the city.
The Ateneo de Sevilla inspired the creation of the Isla Cristina Ateneo, a similar organization also based in Andalucia. It opened on September 10, 1926 as a result of the collaboration of Blas Infante.
The Ateneo has many regularly occurring cultural initiatives. A notable event is the Ateneo de Sevilla Awards, in which the "Novel", "Young Novel", "Historical Novel", "Painting", "History" and "Trial and Updates" awards are given. The Ateneo's activities also include lectures, panel discussions, debates, book presentations and exhibitions. In 2012, the institution celebrated its 125th anniversary.
The Ateneo de Sevilla invites national and international personalities to the city as guests, with a goal of bringing analysis and reflection to the most diverse sectors of the population of Seville, including historical and current topics. To this end, during the term of current President of the Ateneo, Alberto Máximo Pérez Calero, lecturers have included Anna Ferrer, widow of Vincent Ferrer (who received the Prince of Asturias Award for Concord for his work with the Vicente Ferrer Foundation in India), and José Antonio Marina, renowned Spanish educator, philosopher, and writer.
During the presidency of Blasco Garzón, the physician and poet José María Romero Martínez (1893–1936) was responsible for organizing a commemoration of the third anniversary of the death of Gongora. The event, which was ultimately held at the Economic Society of Friends of the Country in Seville, on December 16 and 17, 1927 invited leading representatives of Spanish poetry. Pictured are immortalized by Serrano and Blasco José María Romero Garzon, and sides, Rafael Alberti, Federico García Lorca, Chabás, Bacarisse, Jorge Guillen, Bergamin, Damaso Alonso and Gerardo Diego. After the photographer, Cernuda, Villalon, Salinas, Porlán, Adriano del Valle, Amantina Cobos, the painter Villalobos, Collantes, Romero Murube Labrador Llosent, Thorn, Fernández Almagro, San Román Muñoz, Laffón, Bacarisas, the matador Sanchez Mejias, Juan Miguel Sanchez, Lafita, Majo, Nunez Cabezas de Herrera, Tamayo and José de la Peña, among others. This act is considered the founding document of the Generation of '27 despite their differences in age and colorful aesthetic.
Since 2010, the President of the Ateneo de Sevilla has been Alberto Máximo Pérez Calero. He is a Doctor of Medicine specializing in Family Practice, Internal Medicine and Gastroenterology, and an Academician of the Royal Academy of Medicine of Seville, Murcia and Vélez de Guevara (Ecija). From 1994 until becoming President, Alberto Máximo Pérez Calero was a director of the institution in the Chairs of Literature and Medicine, Assistant to the President, and Secretary General. He has published several books and dozens of articles on the Ateneo de Sevilla.
- This article incorporates information from the
- Barrero González, Enrique, ed. (2004–2005). El Ateneo de Sevilla y su cabalgata de Reyes Magos (in Spanish). Seville: Ateneo de Sevilla. 2 volumes.
- Barrero González, Enrique (2006). Noticias de la vida y de la obra de José María Izquierdo con sus escritos conservados por Miguel Romero Martínez (in Spanish). Seville: Ateneo de Sevilla. ISBN 84-611-3194-0. 2 volumes.
- Diccionario de ateneístas de Sevilla (2002–2007) (in Spanish). Seville: Ateneo de Sevilla. 4 volumes.
- Domínguez León, José, ed. (2001). La cabalgata de Reyes Magos del Ateneo de Sevilla. (in Spanish). Seville: Ateneo de Sevilla. 2 volumes. Texts by José Domínguez León, Miguel Cruz Giraldez, Gerardo Pérez Calero; photographs by Marcos Fernández Gómez, et al.