Athénée de Luxembourg

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Athénée de Luxembourg
Athénée Lux 1 Dez 07.jpg
"Innovation comme tradition"
Location
Luxembourg City
Luxembourg
Coordinates 49°37′12″N 06°01′51″E / 49.62000°N 6.03083°E / 49.62000; 6.03083
Information
Type State school
Established 1603
Founder Jesuit Order
Principal Joseph Salentiny
Campus size 0.2 km² (0.1 sq mi)
Campus type Campus Geesseknäppchen
Website

The Athénée de Luxembourg (English: Luxembourg Athenaeum), is a high school situated in Luxembourg City, in southern Luxembourg. Throughout the school's history of more than 400 years, the name was changed repeatedly. It's nowadays commonly called Stater Kolléisch or De Kolléisch, and is the nation's oldest school still in existence.

History[edit]

Jesuit Origins[edit]

The school was originally founded in 1603 by the Jesuit Order, and was located next to the Notre Dame Cathedral, in the Ville Haute quarter. It was modeled after the Jesuit school in Trier. After the Suppression of the Society of Jesus by Pope Clement XIV in 1773, the school was renamed as the Collège royal, and was put under auspices of the clergy. Furthermore, the school's curriculum was reformed and expanded.

Secularization[edit]

The Athénée de Luxembourg in 1828

In the course of the French Revolution and the political changes that followed, notably the Napoleon Regime, the school was reorganized according to French educational systems and renamed several times: École centrale (1795-1802), École Secondaire (1802-1808), Collège municipal (1808-1817).

In the course of the 19th century, the curriculum was expanded and modernized.

Second World War[edit]

When Luxembourg was occupied by Nazi forces in World War II in 1940, the school was forcibly Germanized, renamed as Gymnasium mit Oberschule für Jungen, and the French language was forbidden. These policies were met with considerable resistance. Infamously, when the Germans dismantled the Gëlle Fra memorial, several hundred of the school's students protested. 2 Professors and 76 students of the Athénéé lost their lives during the war.

New Building[edit]

After the Second World War, the premises became too small, and the school was relocated in 1964 to Hollerich quarter, in the south-west of the city. Since the Athénée moved to this location, other schools have moved to the site as well, creating Campus Geesseknäppchen, just to the north of the terminus of the A4 motorway. The old site of the city Athenaeum currently hosts the National Library.

In 2003, the school celebrated its 400th anniversary with a series of events and the publication of a four-volume study of the school's rich history. The school's official motto is 'Tradition & Innovation', a phrase that the reflects the institution's continuous emphasis on scholarly excellence, the respect of humanist traditions and the desire to stay innovative.

Since 2007, Joseph Salentiny is the principal of the 'Athénée de Luxembourg'.

In 2010 gained the status of an IB World School, and henceforth, includes an International Baccalaureate program.[2]

Notable alumni[edit]

The Athénée has many notable alumni, including eight Prime Ministers of Luxembourg, one Prime Minister of Belgium and one Prime Minister of France. Former pupils include:

Notable staff members[edit]

School principals[3][edit]

  • 1603 - 1608 : Théodore Othon Becanus
  • 1608 - 1609 : Zachéé Ribecius
  • 1609 - 1621 : François Aldernardus
  • 1621 - 1624 : Jean Spies
  • 1624 - 1629 : Antoine de Torres
  • 1620 - 1634 : Hubert Wiltheim
  • 1634 - 1636 : Jean Petri
  • 1636 - 1636 : Jean Henri de Nefve
  • 1636 - 1643 : Jean Rutius
  • 1643 - 1646 : Jean de Viron I
  • 1646 - 1650 : François de Steel
  • 1650 - 1653 : Jean-Michel Ludling
  • 1653 - 1656 : Jean de Viron II
  • 1656 - 1659 : Alexandre Wiltheim
  • 1659 - 1662 : Jean-Baptiste de Florbecq
  • 1662 - 1665 : André de Preumonteaux
  • 1665 - 1668 : François Flamen
  • 1668 - 1671 : Guillaume de Waha
  • 1671 - 1675 : Jean Mascault
  • 1675 - 1678 : François Bellegambe
  • 1678 - 1681 : Arnould Cardon
  • 1681 - 1685 : Jacques Pirenne I
  • 1685 - 1688 : Robert d'Assignies
  • 1688 - 1691 : Jacques Pirenne II
  • 1691 - 1694 : Joseph de Hennin
  • 1694 - 1697 : Lucas de Lattre
  • 1697 - 1700 : Pierre Alhoy
  • 1701 - 1704 : Ignace de la Porte
  • 1704 - 1707 : Pierre Forceville
  • 1707 - 1710 : Christophe Locart
  • 1710 - 1714 : Jean Quarré
  • 1714 - 1717 : François Weydert I
  • 1717 - 1720 : Etienne Petit
  • 1720 - 1723 : Pierre Fievet
  • 1724 - 1728 : Ambroise Lefebvre
  • 1728 - 1732 : Anselme Battelet
  • 1732 - 1735 : François Weydert II
  • 1735 - 1738 : Jean de Wallers
  • 1738 - 1742 : Ernest Hubertin
  • 1742 - 1746 : Marc Casteele
  • 1746 - 1749 : Ghislain Barbier I
  • 1749 - 1753 : Henri Colle
  • 1753 - 1756 : Ghislain Barbier II
  • 1756 - 1758 : Hubert Busin
  • 1759 - 1764 : Théodore Helm
  • 1764 - 1767 : Paul Lalieu
  • 1767 - 1769 : Firmin Murat
  • 1769 - 1770 : Nicolas Heinen
  • 1770 - 1773 : Joseph Descornaix
  • 1821 - 1866 : Michel Nicolas Muller
  • 1866 - 1867 : Jean-Pierre Michaelis
  • 1867 - 1869 : Nicolas Gredt
  • 1869 - 1884 : Alexandre de Colnet d'Huart
  • 1885 - 1906 : Nicolas Gredt
  • 1906 - 1917 : Gustave Zahn
  • 1917 - 1931 : François Manternach
  • 1931 - 1947 : Joseph Wagener
  • 1947 - 1957 : Jean-Pierre Stein
  • 1957 - 1970 : Pierre Winter
  • 1970 - 1978 : Joseph Heinen
  • 1978 - 1981 : Joseph Poeker
  • 1981 - 1993 : Henri Folmer
  • 1993 - 2007 : Emile Haag
  • 2007 -           : Joseph Salentiny

Gallery[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • 400 Joer Kolléisch (éditions saint-paul, 2003) (a comprehensive history in four volumes, written in French).
    • Vol. I  : Du Collège des Jésuites au Collège Municipal 1603-1815 (287 pp.)
    • Vol. II : L'Athénée et ses grands Anciens 1815-1993. (477 pp.)
    • Vol. III: L'Athénée aujourd'hui et demain. (269 pp.)
    • Vol. IV : Hommage à l'Athénée. (314 pp.)
  • Diederich, Paul: Athenäum 1932 - 1946, Wohnort und Schule (Association des Anciens de l'Athénée, 2001).
  • Métamorphoses de l'Athénée, 1603 - 1989 (Luxembourg, 1989).
  • Association des Anciens de l'Athénée: Kolléisch's Jongen am Krich, Lëtzebuerg, November 2011, 570 S. ISBN 978-99959-729-0-5
  • Haag, Emile: Les jésuites et leur collège: renforcement de l'identité catholique entre 1603 et 1773 (Ss 180-193); Lëtzebuerg (Éditions Guy Binsfeld), 2011; 576 Säiten (ill.); ISBN 978-2-87954-235-5

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 400 Joer Kolléisch (éditions saint-paul, 2003) Vol. I  : Du Collège des Jésuites au Collège Municipal 1603-1815 p.149
  2. ^ International classes at the Athénée
  3. ^ 400 Joer Kolléisch (éditions saint-paul, 2003) Vol. I  : Du Collège des Jésuites au Collège Municipal 1603-1815 p.149

Coordinates: 49°36′15″N 06°06′39″E / 49.60417°N 6.11083°E / 49.60417; 6.11083