Shabestar, Iran or Azerbaijan
||Islamic Golden Age
||Khurāsān, Baghdad, Arbil, Sivas
|Astronomy, Mathematics, Philosophy
Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Mufaḍḍal ibn ʿUmar ibn al‐Mufaḍḍal al‐Samarqandī al‐Abharī, also known as Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Munajjim (born probably in Mosul, Iraq – died 1265 or 1262 Shabestar, Iran or Azerbaijan) was a philosopher, astronomer, astrologer and mathematician. Other than his influential writings, he had many famous disciples.
His epithet al-Abharī suggests that he or his ancestors originally stem from the Abhar tribe. He is said to have been a student or teacher in various schools at Khurāsān, Baghdad, and Arbil, living for some time in Sivas. Ibn Khallikān reports that he was student of Kamāl al‐Dīn ibn Yūnus, but other sources state that he worked as an assistant to Fakhr al‐Dīn al‐Rāzī. He may have died of paralysis in Azerbaijan.
- Risāla fī al‐hayʾa (Treatise on astronomy).
- Mukhtaṣar fī al‐hayʾa (Epitome on astronomy).
- Kashf al‐ḥaqāʾiq fī taḥrīr al‐daqāʾiq, where he accepts the view that the celestial bodies do not change and maintains that stars have volition and it is the source of their motion.
- Calverley, Edwin E. (1933). "Al-Abharī's "Isāghūjī fi l-Manṭiq"". Macdonald.