Athīr al-Dīn al-Abharī

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Al-Abhārī
Born Mosul, Iraq
Died 1262–1265
Shabestar, Iran or Azerbaijan
Era Islamic Golden Age
Region Khurāsān, Baghdad, Arbil, Sivas
Main interests Astronomy, Mathematics, Philosophy

Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Mufaḍḍal ibn ʿUmar ibn al‐Mufaḍḍal al‐Samarqandī al‐Abharī, also known as Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Munajjim (born probably in Mosul, Iraq – died 1265 or 1262[2] Shabestar, Iran or Azerbaijan)[1] was a philosopher, astronomer, astrologer and mathematician. Other than his influential writings, he had many famous disciples.

Life[edit]

His epithet al-Abharī suggests that he or his ancestors originally stem form the Abhar tribe.[1] He is said to have been a student or teacher in various schools at Khurāsān, Baghdad, and Arbil, living for some time in Sivas.[1] Ibn Khallikān reports that he was student of Kamāl al‐Dīn ibn Yūnus, but other sources state that he worked as an assistant to Fakhr al‐Dīn al‐Rāzī. He may have died of paralysis in Azerbaijan.[1]

Works[edit]

Astronomy
  • Risāla fī al‐hayʾa (Treatise on astronomy).
  • Mukhtaṣar fī al‐hayʾa (Epitome on astronomy).
  • Kashf al‐ḥaqāʾiq fī taḥrīr al‐daqāʾiq, where he accepts the view that the celestial bodies do not change and maintains that stars have volition and it is the source of their motion.[1]
Mathematics
Philosophy

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Sarıoğlu 2007.
  2. ^ according to Barhebraeus

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Calverley, Edwin E. (1933). "Al-Abharī's "Isāghūjī fi l-Manṭiq"". Macdonald.