Atheism in Indonesia
Islam is the predominant faith in Indonesia. It is difficult to quantify the number of atheists or agnostics in Indonesia as they are not officially counted in the census of the country. Many Indonesian atheists, such as those belonging to the Indonesian Atheists organization, predominantly communicate with each other solely via the Internet.
Intolerance to atheists
Atheism is not readily tolerated in Indonesia, as it has no place in Islamic Sharia law—the belief in god being one of the Pillars of Islam. Religious tolerance in Indonesia is limited to muted acceptance of other religions apart from Islam. There is no place for atheism.
Atheism in Indonesia particularly affects married women: a non-religious woman does not enjoy many of the benefits enjoyed by a married, religious woman.
Atheism in Indonesia is not disallowed by law, at least ostensibly. B. F. Intan has written that natural law does not require one to follow a particular religion. Atheism as he sees it, however, is used more as an example of harmony between various religions and is not used as grounds to denounce popular religion. This natural law is used as grounds for the creation of a common law, which is more usually employed elsewhere as the basis for laws governing criminal activity or civil disputes.
Current events and interpretations
In the past, prominent atheists have only been prosecuted under Islamic blasphemy laws, so it is unknown if atheism is actually prosecutable under secular law. When declared atheist Alexander Aan wrote in February 2012 (on Facebook) that God does not exist, he was taken into custody and initially charged with blasphemy. The police claimed that they were doing this to protect him from attackers, however, no charges have been levied against his attackers. He has not prosecuted under blasphemy law, but instead was eventually charged under the country's cyber crime laws for spreading his views on the non-existence of god by using the internet. This incident raised a debate about the legality of atheism versus treating it as a genuine religion.
A 2010 poll by Pew Research Center showed that 30% of the population in Indonesia agree with administering the death penalty for leaving Islam.
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