|Mediterranean sand smelt Atherina hepsetus|
Atherina, is a genus of fish of silverside family (Atherinidae), found in the temperate and tropic zones. Up to 15 cm long, they are widespread in the Mediterranean, Black Sea, and Sea of Azov, in lagoons and estuaries. It comes to the low stream of the Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, and Danube Rivers.
The currently recognized species in this genus are: 
- Atherina boyeri A. Risso, 1810 (big-scale sand smelt)
- Atherina breviceps Valenciennes, 1835 (Cape silverside)
- Atherina hepsetus Linnaeus, 1758 (Mediterranean sand smelt)
- Atherina lopeziana Rossignol & Blache, 1961
- Atherina presbyter G. Cuvier, 1829 (sand smelt)
Species of Atherina are objects in the traditional Catalan, Occitan, south-Ukrainian, Turkish, and Greek cuisine in fried form. The fish are lightly powdered with wheat flour before being dropped in hot olive oil. In Ukraine and Greece, it is commercally important species.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Atherina in FishBase. June 2012 version.
- Movchan Yu.V. (1988) True loaches, catfishes, canal catfishes, freshwater eels, congers, needlefishes, cods, sticklebacks, syngnathids, mosquitofishes, zeids, barracudas, grey mullets, old world silversides, cusk eels [in:] Fauna of Ukraine, Vol. 8, No 3, Kiev: Naukova Dumka, 399 pp. (in Russian).
- Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof 2007 Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol, Switzerland. 646 p.
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