Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Athletics at the
1900 Summer Olympics
Athletics pictogram.svg
Track events
60 m   men
100 m men
200 m men
400 m men
800 m men
1500 m men
110 m hurdles men
200 m hurdles men
400 m hurdles men
2500 m steeplechase men
4000 m steeplechase men
5000 m team race men
Road events
Marathon men
Field events
Long jump men
Triple jump men
High jump men
Pole vault men
Standing long jump men
Standing triple jump men
Standing high jump men
Shot put men
Discus throw men
Hammer throw men

At the 1900 Summer Olympics, twenty-three athletics events were contested. Altogether, 117 athletes from 15 nations competed. A total of 68 medals (23 gold, 23 silver, 22 bronze) were awarded. In many countries, due in part to the conflagration of the Olympic Games and the World's Fair in Paris, the media discussed only the athletics events under the "Olympic" name while ignoring the incredible variety of other sports featured at the time.

The 23 events listed are those currently considered to have been of Olympic stature by the International Olympic Committee and most Olympic historians. They exclude all events that used a handicap system, as well as all events which were open to professional athletes.

Competitions were held on 14 July, 15 July, 16 July, 19 July, and 22 July. This included Bastille Day, which is a French holiday, and then Sunday, which many of the American athletes protested. Even with many Americans not competing in finals because of confusion caused by the organizers' decision to count scores achieved on Monday, 16 July for finals held on Sunday, 15 July and subsequent rescission of that decision, the United States won more than 4 times as many medals as any other nation, including 16 of the 23 gold medals.

The conditions of competition were also subpar compared even to those at the previous games in 1896. There was no track for the Paris Games, as a grass field dotted with trees and of unequal elevation was used. The course was 500 metres in length, an unusual distance for a track.

Medal summary[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
60 metres
details
 Alvin Kraenzlein 7.0 s
United States (USA)
 Walter Tewksbury 7.1 s
United States (USA)
 Stan Rowley 7.2 s
Australia (AUS)
100 metres
details
 Frank Jarvis 11.0 s
United States (USA)
 Walter Tewksbury 11.1 s
United States (USA)
 Stan Rowley 11.2 s
Australia (AUS)
200 metres
details
 Walter Tewksbury 22.2 s
United States (USA)
 Norman Pritchard 22.8 s
India (IND)
 Stan Rowley 22.9 s
Australia (AUS)
400 metres
details
 Maxie Long 49.4 s
United States (USA)
 William Holland 49.6 s
United States (USA)
 Ernst Schultz 51.5 s
Denmark (DEN)
800 metres
details
 Alfred Tysoe 2:01.2
Great Britain (GBR)
 John Cregan 2:03.0
United States (USA)
 David Hall 2:03.8
United States (USA)
1500 metres
details
 Charles Bennett 4:06.2
Great Britain (GBR)
 Henri Deloge 4:06.6
France (FRA)
 John Bray 4:07.2
United States (USA)
Marathon
details
 Michel Théato 2:59:45
France (FRA) [1]
 Émile Champion 3:04:17
France (FRA)
 Ernst Fast 3:37:14
Sweden (SWE)
110 metres hurdles
details
 Alvin Kraenzlein 15.4 s
United States (USA)
 John McLean 15.5 s
United States (USA)
 Frederick Moloney 15.6 s
United States (USA)
200 metres hurdles
details
 Alvin Kraenzlein 25.4 s
United States (USA)
 Norman Pritchard 26.0 s
India (IND)
 Walter Tewksbury 26.1 s
United States (USA)
400 metres hurdles
details
 Walter Tewksbury 57.6 s
United States (USA)
 Henri Tauzin 58.3 s
France (FRA)
 George Orton 58.8 s
Canada (CAN)
2500 metres steeplechase
details
 George Orton 7:34.4
Canada (CAN)
 Sidney Robinson 7:38.0
Great Britain (GBR)
 Jacques Chastanié Unknown
France (FRA)
4000 metres steeplechase
details
 John Rimmer 12:58.4
Great Britain (GBR)
 Charles Bennett 12:58.6
Great Britain (GBR)
 Sidney Robinson 12:58.8
Great Britain (GBR)
5000 metres team race
details
 Mixed team (ZZX)
 Charles Bennett (GBR)
 John Rimmer (GBR)
 Sidney Robinson (GBR)
 Alfred Tysoe (GBR)
 Stan Rowley (AUS)
 France (FRA)
Henri Deloge
Jacques Chastanié
André Castanet
Michel Champoudry
Gaston Ragueneau
none awarded
Long jump
details
 Alvin Kraenzlein 7.185 m
United States (USA)
 Myer Prinstein 7.175 m
United States (USA)
 Patrick Leahy 6.950 m
Great Britain (GBR)
Triple jump
details
 Myer Prinstein 14.47 m
United States (USA)
 James Connolly 13.97 m
United States (USA)
 Lewis Sheldon 13.64 m
United States (USA)
High jump
details
 Irving Baxter 1.90 m
United States (USA)
 Patrick Leahy 1.78 m
Great Britain (GBR)
 Lajos Gönczy 1.75 m
Hungary (HUN)
Pole vault
details
 Irving Baxter 3.30 m
United States (USA)
 Meredith Colket 3.25 m
United States (USA)
 Carl Albert Andersen 3.20 m
Norway (NOR)
Standing long jump
details
 Ray Ewry 3.20 m
United States (USA)
 Irving Baxter 3.135 m
United States (USA)
 Émile Torcheboeuf 3.03 m
France (FRA)
Standing triple jump
details
 Ray Ewry 10.58 m
United States (USA)
 Irving Baxter 9.95 m
United States (USA)
 Robert Garrett 9.50 m
United States (USA)
Standing high jump
details
 Ray Ewry 1.655 m
United States (USA)
 Irving Baxter 1.525 m
United States (USA)
 Lewis Sheldon 1.500 m
United States (USA)
Shot put
details
 Richard Sheldon 14.10 m
United States (USA)
 Josiah McCracken 12.85 m
United States (USA)
 Robert Garrett 12.37 m
United States (USA)
Discus throw
details
 Rudolf Bauer 36.04 m
Hungary (HUN)
 František Janda-Suk 35.04 m
Bohemia (BOH)
 Richard Sheldon 34.50 m
United States (USA)
Hammer throw
details
 John Flanagan 51.01 m
United States (USA)
 Truxtun Hare 46.26 m
United States (USA)
 Josiah McCracken 43.58 m
United States (USA)

Medal table[edit]

These medals are retroactively assigned by the International Olympic Committee; at the time, winners were given a silver medal.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 16 13 10 39
2  Great Britain (GBR) 3 [2] 3 2 8
3  France (FRA) 1 [1] 4 2 7
4  Canada (CAN) 1 0 1 2
 Hungary (HUN) 1 0 1 2
6  Mixed team (ZZX) 1 0 0 1
7  India (IND) 0 2 0 2
8  Bohemia (BOH) 0 1 0 1
9  Australia (AUS) 0 [2] 0 3 3
10  Denmark (DEN) 0 0 1 1
 Norway (NOR) 0 0 1 1
 Sweden (SWE) 0 0 1 1
* Total medals 23 23 22 68
Finish of the 800m

Daily summary[edit]

14 July[edit]

  • All rounds, including the finals, for the 100 metres and the 110 metre hurdles were held. The United States took 5 of the medals, missing only the bronze medal in the 100 metres won by Stan Rowley of Australia. Frank Jarvis won the 100 metres, with Alvin Kraenzlein taking the gold in the 110 metre hurdles.
  • In the 400 metre heats, the United States took 5 qualifying spots for the final while Denmark secured the last one. The 800 metres was more balanced, with 3 Americans and one athlete each from France, Great Britain, and Hungary.
  • The 400 metre hurdles semifinals eliminated only one athlete, with the other four advancing to the finals.
  • Defending discus and shot put champion Robert Garrett failed to make a mark in the qualification round of the discus throw, but did advance to the final in the shot put. Bohemia advanced a thrower in the discus, an event which saw 5 athletes from 5 different nations qualify.
  • Surprising few, Kraenzlein and Meyer Prinstein took the top two spots in the long jump qualification, moving to the final along with a third American, a Briton, and a Frenchman.

15 July[edit]

  • In a busy day for the athletics program, 10 finals were held along with the semifinals of the 60 metres (which was one of the events with a final that day). The United States took 7 of the championships, with Great Britain, Canada, and Hungary each picking up one of the rest.
  • Kraenzlein took the top spots in the 60 metres and the long jump, the latter victory allegedly earning him a punch in the face from Prinstein, who had not competed because the final was held on a Sunday. This brought Kraenzlein's total to 3 gold medals, better than any athlete had done four years earlier. Irving Baxter also took gold in two events, the high jump and the pole vault.
  • Denmark won its first athletics medal, with a bronze in the 400 metres. Charles Bennett's gold in the 1500 metres gave Britain its first gold in the sport. Canada's George Orton took two medals, a gold and a bronze, for the debut nation. Hungary won its first gold with the discus throw, adding a bronze in the high jump. Bohemia, another nation making its debut, took the silver medal in the discus.
  • The steeplechase made its Olympic debut, with the 2500 metre version won by Orton.

16 July[edit]

  • 8 more finals were held on Monday the 16th. Kraenzlein picked up a fourth victory with the 200 metre hurdles, winning both his semifinal and the final to set a long-lived Olympic record for athletic gold medals in individual events. Ray Ewry won all three of the standing jumps, each of which made its Olympic debut in 1900. Great Britain picked up another pair of gold medals with the 800 metres and the 4000 metre steeplechase. Prinstein got his long-awaited victory in the triple jump, while John Flanagan's hammer throw earned the United States its 6th championship of the day.
  • India's debut Games reached a high point with Norman Pritchard's silver medal in the 200 metre hurdles.

19 July[edit]

  • The marathon was the only event held on the 19th. Michel Théato of Luxembourg won the gold medal, giving that nation a perfect 1:1 ratio of championships to entries. Sweden earned its first athletics medal with the bronze in the marathon.

22 July[edit]

  • The two remaining events were held on Sunday the 22nd. The semifinals of the 200 metres and the finals of that event and the 5000 metre team race were held.
  • Pritchard won his second silver medal in the 200 metres, while Rowley won his third bronze in the same event. The race was won by Walter Tewksbury, bringing his total for the Games to 5 medals, including 2 gold medals.
  • The 5000 metre team race was won by the British team, assisted by Rowley of Australia. This made Rowley the only athlete in Olympic history to win gold medals for multiple nations in the same Games, with the establishment of National Olympic Committees making that accomplishment one which will always be unique. Rowley did not even finish the race, which was far longer than the sprinter was accustomed to running; he stopped after everyone else had crossed the finish line to accept last place.

Participating nations[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michel Théato was originally assumed to be French, before it was discovered that his nationality was Luxembourgish. The International Olympic Committee still credits this medal for France, however.
  2. ^ a b An additional gold medal was won by a mixed team composed of four athletes from Great Britain and one from Australia.

References[edit]

  • International Olympic Committee.
  • De Wael, Herman. Herman's Full Olympians: "Athletics 1900". Accessed 18 March 2006. Available electronically at [1].
  • Mallon, Bill (1998). The 1900 Olympic Games, Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. ISBN 0-7864-0378-0.